People have differed regarding the essence of the mind and its location, subsequently this subject has been extensively discussed.
In addition many hadiths have been narrated establishing the excellence of the mind. Some of which I have already mentioned in my book "Dispraise of Desires", therefore I will not repeat them here rather I will mention a selection:
The excellence of a thing is known by its fruits, and from among the fruits of the mind is knowing the Creator, may He be exalted. For the mind has contemplated the proofs [of the existence of the Creator] until it knew Him, and has contemplated the proofs of the truthfulness of the Prophets until it recognized their truth fulness. The mind has encouraged obedience to Allah and to His messengers. It has schemed to get all that is difficult to obtain, and it tamed the animals. It taught man to build ships on which he reached what the sea had prevented men from reaching, and tricked the birds of the sea until they were hunted. All of this while man's eyes observe the consequences and work in accordance with safety and need. Furthermore it taught man to relinguish the life of this world for the hereafter. Because of it, human beings have excel lence over animals that have been prevented from having it (the mind), and it is what gualifies man for the speech of Allah and His commandments. With it, man reaches the highest ranks that his kind can reach from the good of this world and the hereafter, in. both knowledge and actions.
These virtues suffice the need to delve into detail.
The Virtue of the Mind
Dispraise of Hawa (desires)
The Difference Between the Perspective of Mind and the Perspective of Hawa
Averting Passionate Love (Ishq)
Averting Gluttony (Sharah)
Refusing to take a Position of Authority in this world
Prohibition on Squandering
Elucidation on the Amount of Earnings and Expenditure
Dispraise of Lying
Averting Riya (Insincerity and Pretentiousness)
Averting Excessive Thinking
Averting Excessive Sadness
Averting Ghamm (Grief) and Hamm (Worry)
Averting Excessive Fear and Cautiousness of Death
Averting Excessive Happiness
Identifying One's Flaws
Motivating a Low Endeavor
Disciplining and Handling Family and Slaves
Consorting with People
Flawlessness of Character