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Chapter 7. Muhammad, The Seal Of The Prophets

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), the seal of the Prophets and the leader of those sent by Allah. The Iman (Faith) of a servant is not valid until he believes in his message and bears witness to his prophethood. Mankind will not be judged on the Day of Judgment except with his (pbuh) intercession. And no nation will enter Paradise, until his nation has entered it first.

He is the possessor of the banner of praise, the most praiseworthy station (al- maqaam-ul-mahmood) and the flowing Fountain (Al-Hawd). He is the leader (Imam) of the prophets, their spokesman and the one who holds their intercession. His (pbuh) nation is the best of nations and his Companions are the best of those who accompanied prophets, may the peace of Allah be upon them.

The best of the Prophet's ummah was Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, then Umar Al-Faarooq, then Uthman Dhun-Noorain, and then 'Ali Al-Murtadaa. May Allah be pleased with all of them. This is due to what has been reported on Abdullah bin Umar that he said: "We used to say, while the Prophet (pbuh) was alive: 'The best of this nation, after its Prophet, is Abu Bakr, then Umar, then Uthman, then 'Ali.' This would reach the Prophet and he would not oppose it."

It is authentically reported on 'Ali that he said: "The best of this nation after its Prophet is Abu Bakr, then Umar. And if I wanted to, I would have named the third."

Abu Ad-Dardaa reported that the Prophet (pbuh) said: "The sun does not rise nor does it set upon anyone better, after the prophets and the messengers, than Abu Bakr."

He (Abu Bakr) was the most deserving of the Khilafah from all of the creation, after the Prophet (pbuh), due to his merits, his precedence, and also due to the Prophet's preference of him to lead the prayer over all of his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them. It is also due to the unity in agreement of the Companions upon his precedence and giving the oath of allegiance to him. And Allah would not have united them in agreement upon something erroneous.

Then after him was Umar, due to his merits and Abu Bakr's empowering it to him. Then Uthman due to the preference of him by the members of the governing council. Then 'Ali due to his merits and the unanimous agreement of the people of his time on it.

These are the rightly guided Khalifahs. They are the ones about whom the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: "Stick to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly-guided Khalifahs (who will come) after me. Bite onto it (the Sunnah) with your molar teeth."

The Prophet (pbuh) said: "The Khilafah after me will endure for thirty years." The last part of it occurred with the Khilafah of Ali, may Allah be pleased with him.

We bear witness that the ten (individuals) will be in Paradise, just as the Prophet (pbuh) bore witness to it, when he said: "Abu Bakr is in Paradise. Umar is in Paradise. Uthman is in Paradise. 'Ali is in Paradise. Talha is in Paradise. Az-Zubair is in Paradise. Sa'ad is in Paradise. Sa'eed is in Paradise. 'Abd-ur-Rahmaan bin 'Awf is in Paradise. Abu 'Ubaydah Ibn Al- Jarraah is in Paradise."

As for everyone else whom the Prophet (pbuh) has testified will be in Paradise, then we bear witness to that (as well). This is reflected in his statement: "Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn are the (two) leaders of the youth in Paradise."

And his statement to Thaabit bin Qays: "Indeed, he (Thaabit) is from the inhabitants of Paradise." 28

We do not ascertain for anyone from the people of the Qiblah (i.e. Muslims) that he will be in Paradise or the Hellfire, except for he whom the Messenger (pbuh) has ascertained it for. However, we wish well for the good-doer and we fear for the evildoer.

We do not declare anyone from the people of our Qiblah (Muslims) a disbeliever due to a sin nor do we cast him out of the fold of Islam based on a deed.

We hold that Hajj and Jihaad are everlasting along with the obedience to every leader, whether he is righteous or evil. In addition, praying behind them (in congregation) is permissible.

Anas (ra) reported that the Prophet (pbuh) said: "Three things are from the essence of Iman: Refraining from (harming) anyone who says: 'Laa Ilaaha Illaa Allah'. We do not declare him a disbeliever due to a sin (he may have committed) nor do we cast him out of Islam due to an action. The Jihaad is everlasting from the time that Allah sent me to the time when the last part of my ummah fights the Dajjaal. Neither the oppression of a tyrant nor the justice of a righteous leader nullifies it. And (the third is) the belief in Al-Qadar (Divine Preordainment)." Abu Dawud reported it.

From the Sunnah is: Loyalty to the Sahaabah, love for them, mentioning their good qualities, and asking Allah to grant them mercy and to forgive them. And (also) refraining from mentioning their bad qualities and what they differed in, believing in their virtues and acknowledging their superiority. Allah says:

"And those who came after them say: 'Our Lord! Forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in Faith. And put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed.'" [Surah Al-Hashr (59): 10]

And Allah says:

"Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. And those who are with him are severe against the disbelievers, while being merciful among themselves." [Surah Al-Fath (48): 29]

The Prophet (pbuh) said: "Do not revile my Companions, for indeed if one of you were to give in charity, the equivalent of mount Uhud in gold, it would not reach a mudd (handful) of one of them, nor even half of it."

From the Sunnah is: Being content with the wives of Allah's Messenger, the Mothers of the Believers, and the pure ones free from every type of evil. The best of them were Khadijah Bint Khuwailid and 'Aa'isha Bint As-Siddeeq, whom Allah absolved from guilt in His Book. She is the wife of the Prophet in this world and the next. Whosoever discards her from what Allah has absolved her from, has disbelieved in Allah, the Most Great.

Mu'awiyah is the (maternal) Uncle of the Believers and one of those who wrote down the revelation of Allah. He was one of the Khalifahs of the Muslims, may Allah be pleased with him.

From the Sunnah is: Hearing and obeying the Muslim leaders and the Khalifahs (Ameer-ul-Mumineen), the righteous from among them as well as the evil. This is so long as they do not command us with disobedience to Allah, for indeed, there is no obedience to anyone if it involves disobedience to Allah.

It is obligatory to obey: Whoever is given the Khilafah while the people agree and are pleased with him, as well as (to obey) the one who fought against the people till he became the Khalifah and was proclaimed "Ameer-ul-Mumineen." Opposing him, revolting against him and sowing the seeds of dissension amongst the Muslims against him is forbidden.

And from the Sunnah is: Making Hijrah from (i.e. Boycotting) the People of Innovations and separating oneself from them, abandoning arguing and disputing in the Religion, not looking into the books of the innovators and giving attention to their speech. And every newly invented matter in the Religion is an innovation.

Anyone who attributes himself with something other than Islam and the Sunnah is an innovator, such as the Raafidah, the Jahmiyyah, the Khawaarij, the Qadariyyah, the Murji'ah, the Mu'atazilah, the Karaamiyyah, the Kilaabiyyah and those similar to them. These are sects of misguidance and groups of innovation. May Allah grant us refuge from them.

In respect to an Imam, concerning the (differing in the) subsidiary issues of the Religion, such as the four madhaahib (schools of thought), then it is not blameworthy. For indeed, differing in the subsidiary issues of the Religion is a mercy and those who differ in it are praiseworthy in their differing, and will be rewarded for their Ijtihaad. Their differing is a vast mercy and their agreement is a conclusive evidence.

We ask Allah that He protect us from innovations and fitnah and that He cause us to live upon Islam and the Sunnah. And (we ask) that He make us from among those who follow the Messenger of Allah when alive, and that He resurrect us in his company after death, by His Mercy and His Grace, Ameen.

This is the last of the Creed - all praise is due to Allah, alone. And may Allah send His peace and blessings upon our leader Muhammad, his family and his Companions.