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Chapter 7. The Necessity To Praise, Respect And Honour The Prophet

Section 1: Authoritative verses in the Quran to set prayers, respect and honour the Prophet

Section 2: The esteem, respect and reverence due to the Prophet

Section 3: The respect and high regard for the Prophet after his death

Section 4: The high regard of the early generations of Muslims for the transmission of the Prophetic quotations

Section 5: The Prophet's devotion to his family, descendants and wives

Section 6: The Prophet's respect for his Companions, his attachment to them and their recognition

Section 7: The respect for the things and places associated with the Prophet

 

 

Section 1: Authoritative verses in the Quran to set prayers, respect and honour the Prophet

 

Allah made it obligatory to support, revere and respect His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). He says, "We have sent you (Prophet Mohammed) as a witness and as a bearer of glad tidings and warning. So that you f(people) believe in Allah and His Messenger and that you support him and revere him." 48:8-9. Allah also says, "Believers do not advance before Allah and His Messenger. Believers, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor speak loudly to him as you do to one another lest your works should be annulled without your knowledge, Fear Allah. Allah is the Hearer, the Knower." 49:1. Also, "Do not make the calling of the Messenger among yourselves like the calling to one another." 24:63 In the first verse quoted, our attention is drawn to the obligation to honour Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) and show him the greatest respect. Scholars such as al-Akhfash and Tabari are of the opinion that it also means that he should be helped and assisted. Believers are warned in the second quoted verse not to speak before him, to do otherwise would constitute extremely bad manners. Sahl, Abdullah Tustori's son said that the verse means, do not speak before he speaks and when he speaks listen to him in silence.

Al-Hassan and several Companions said that when it came to decision-making, the Companions were forbidden to carry out any matter before the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had spoken and given his instruction. They were not permitted to precede him in such matters. Allah concludes this verse with the caution that good deeds may amount to nothing without one's knowledge, then He warns that believers must fear Him.

Sulami said it means that one must fear Allah if you disregard or neglect what is due to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) remember that Allah hears and knows what we do. It has been said that this verse was sent down when a delegation from the tribe of Tamin came and shouted out "Mohammed, Mohammed, come out to us." And that Allah censured them for being ignorant and said "most of them lack understanding." 49:4. However, it has also been said that the verse was revealed about people other than the tribesmen of Tamin.

It has also been said that the former verse was sent down in reference to a conversation between Abu Bakr and Umar that took place in the presence of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) that erupted into a dispute in which voices were raised. After the revelation of this verse Abu Bakr went to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and said, "By Allah, O Messenger of Allah, after this I will only speak to you as one speaks to someone when telling him a secret!" From then onwards Umar also spoke to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) in the same manner as Abu Bakr, however his voice was so low that it was almost inaudible to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him). Then Allah sent down the verse, "Those who lower their voice in the presence of the Messenger of Allah are those whose hearts Allah has tested for warding off (evil). They shall receive forgiveness and a great wage." 49:3

It has also been said that it was sent down about Thabit, Kay's son, the spokesman appointed by the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to counter the boasting of the tribesmen of Tamim. Thabit was somewhat hard of hearing and it was his habit to raise his voice. When the verse was revealed he became fearful and remained in his home fearing that his deeds were now worthless. Later, he went to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and told him, "O Prophet of Allah, I fear that I am destroyed. Allah has forbidden us to raise our voices, and I have a loud voice." The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, comforted him and gave him good news saying, "Thabit, are you not happy to live in a manner that is worthy of praise, and be slain as a martyr, and enter the Garden?" Thabit was martyred in the Battle of Yamama.

 

Of the third verse Abu Mohammed Makki explained, ""Do not make the calling of the Messenger among yourselves like the calling to one another" as meaning that no one should either speak before him or coarsely to him. Also, that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) should be respected and held in high esteem and not called out to as one would call to each other, rather he should be called with the noblest titles such as Messenger of Allah or Prophet of Allah. Safwan, Assal's son tells of the time when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was on a journey and a Bedouin approached, and called to him in a loud voice, "Mohammed, Mohammed!" He was told to lower his voice because it had been forbidden to raise one's voice to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him).

 

Of the verse "Believers, do not say 'Observe us'" 2:104 a commentator explained that this phrase was in common use among the Helpers (Ansar) and bears the conditional meaning of "Observe us, and we will observe you". Out of respect the Ansar were forbidden to use the phrase when speaking to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). It has also been said that the Jews would use the same phrase in mockery of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) because the word "Ra'ina" in Hebrew means evil.

 

Section 2: The esteem, respect and reverence due to the Prophet

 

Amr, Al-Aas's son, spoke of the great love and respect he had for the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) saying, "There is no one more beloved to me than the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) neither is there anyone I respect more than he. I can never get my fill of gazing at him on account of the great respect I have for him. If I were to be asked to describe him, I would be unable to do so, because I am unable to gaze at him enough." Anas tells us, "The Messenger of Allah went out accompanied by the Emigrants and Helpers together with Abu Bakr and Umar. None of them except Abu Bakr and OmRaised their eyes to look at him. They would look at the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and he would look at them, they would smile at him and he would smile at them." Osama, Sharik's son described a gathering in which the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and some of his Companions were present. He said, "I came to the Prophet and noticed that his Companions sat around him as still as if there were birds perched upon their heads." Hind, Abi Hala's daughter said something similar, "When he spoke those sitting around him would bow their heads as if there were birds perched on top of them."

 

When Urwa, Masood's son, who was yet to embrace Islam, was sent by the Quraysh as an envoy to the Prophet, praise sand peace be upon him, prior to the signing of the treaty of Hudaybiyah. He was astounded by the overwhelming amount of respect the Companions had for the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). Urwa commented never before had he seen such tremendous respect paid to anyone. He said that whenever the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) made ablution he saw his Companions rush to receive some of his leftover water, and in fact nearly fought to receive it. They would take his spittle and wipe it over their faces and bodies. If a strand of hair fell from him they would rush to retrieve it. When he gave an instruction they rushed to fulfil it. When he spoke they lowered their voices in presence. Out of respect he noticed his Companion did not stare at him. Upon Urwa's return to the Quraysh, he told them "I have visited Chosroes in his kingdom, Caesar in his empire, and the Negus in his kingdom, and by Allah, I have never seen any king or emperor treated with the same respect that the Companions of Mohammed show to Mohammed."

 

Prior to the treaty of Hudaybiyah, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) sent Othman, who was respected by the Quraysh, to tell of their intent to enter the Sacred Mosque in total peace. The Quraysh refused to give their permission, however they told Othman they would permit him to perform the sacred rights at Kaaba. Othman declined to accept out of respect for the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) saying, "I will not do so until the Messenger of Allah does." Anas spoke of the time the Prophet's hair was been shaved and said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) having his hair shaved. His Companions stood around him and whenever a lock of hair fell, one of them would pick it up." In an earlier section we spoke of how Kayla came to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and saw him sitting in a squatting position and that she trembled. Kayla said her trembling was on account her great timidity and respect she had for him. When the Companions would come to visit the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) al-Mughira tells us that they would tap on his door with their fingernails. Al Bara, Azib's son said, "I wanted to ask the Messenger of Allah, prayer and peace be upon him, about a matter, but waited for several years to do so on account of my timidity of him."

 

Section 3: The respect and high regard for the Prophet after his death

 

In the same way as it was necessary to respect the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) during his lifetime, it is very necessary to respect him now that he has passed away. Included in this is the respect one must show whenever the Prophet's sayings or way are mentioned, as well as when one hears mention of his name, his family and Companions. Abu Abraham Tujibi tells us that there is an obligation upon everyone who believes to be humble, fearful, respectful, and still whenever the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) is mentioned in their presence. The same degree of respect and manners that was shown by the Companions during his lifetime should be emulated, just as if he were still in our presence. One day Abu Ja'far, the Prince of Believers had a dispute with Malik in the Mosque of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) Malik reminded him, "Prince of Believers, do not raise your voice in this Mosque.

 

Allah taught us how to behave by saying, "Believers, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet." 49:2 and drew his attention to "those who lower their voice in the presence of the Messenger of Allah are those whose hearts Allah has tested for warding off (evil). 49:3 He also reminded him of the warning in the verse "those who call out to you (Prophet Mohammed)." 49:4 thereby reminding him that even though he had passed away the same respect due to him during his life time is due to him thereafter. Ja'far was humbled by this reminder and asked Malik, "Abu Abdullah, when you supplicate do you face the direction of prayer or do you face the Messenger of Allah?" (peace and blessing be upon him) Malik replied, "Why would you turn your face from him when he is your means and the means of your father Adam to Allah on the Day of Resurrection? I face him and ask him to intercede because Allah grants his intercession. Allah says, "If, when they had wrong themselves, they had come to you.”4:64.

 

Malik said of Job Sakhtiyani, "I have never reported anything from any other without finding Job to be better than him. I went on the Greater Pilgrimage twice and had chance to observe him. Whenever the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) was mentioned, he wept and his eyes became red. When this occurred and I realized the great amount of respect he had for the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and I would write things down from him." Mus'ab Abdullah's son said, "Whenever the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was mentioned Malik became so pale that it caused distress to those in his company. One day he was asked about this and replied, 'If you had seen what I have seen, you would not be surprised by this. I would observe Mohammed, Munkadir's son, the master of Quran reciters. On most occasions when he was asked about a prophetic quotation he wept until his eyes became red. I observed Jaafar, Mohammed's son who would joke and laugh a lot, but when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was mentioned in his presence, he grew pale and I never saw him relate a saying of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) without first making ablution. When I used to visit him I would find him either praying, fasting or reciting the Quran. He only spoke about necessary things that were of concern to him. He was amongst the men of knowledge who feared Allah.

 

The face of Abdur Rahman, al-Kasim's son turned pale, just as if the blood had drained from it, and his tongue became dry whenever the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was mentioned. It was on account of the timidity he felt for him. When I visited Amir, Abdullah's son whose grandfather was Zubair, and the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was mentioned in his presence he would weep until he had no more tears left to shed. Zuhri was one of the most easy-going and friendly people and I observed that whenever the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was mentioned in his presence he became oblivious of all, it was as if he were not the same person. I would visit Safwan, Sulayman's son who was among those most diligent in their worship and offered prayers throughout the night. Whenever the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was mentioned he wept and continued to do so and those around him got up and left."

 

Whenever Katada heard a prophetic quotation he would break out in a sob and became very agitated. When a lot of people gathered around Malik, someone said, "Would that you would appoint someone to whom you could dictate, then he could make the people hear." Malik replied, "Allah said, 'Believers, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet," 49:2. The respect due to him during his lifetime is the same now that he is dead." Sirin's son would laugh, but when a prophetic quotation was mentioned he became humble. Abdur Rahman, Mahdi's son instructed those in his company to be silent whenever a prophetic quotation was mentioned, and told them, "Do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet"(peace and blessing be upon him). The reason for this lies in his interpretation of the preceding verse. He said that people must be silent whenever a prophetic quotation is read, just as if they would if they were in the presence of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) listening to him speaking.

 

Section 4: The high regard of the early generations of Muslims for the transmission of the Prophetic quotations

 

The Judge of Medina, Abraham, Abdullah's son tells us that "Malik, Anas' son happened to pass by Abu Hazim who was teaching some of the prophetic quotations. Malik asked permission to listen, however there was no place to sit and he said, "I dislike listening to a prophetic quotation standing up." We are told by Malik that a man went to al-Musayyab's son and found him resting. He asked about a certain prophetic saying, whereupon al-Musayyab's son sat upright and gave him the quotation. The man said to al-Musayyab, "I wish you had not troubled yourself." Whereupon he replied, "I would dislike to convey to you a prophetic quotation whilst resting." Whenever Malik, Anas' son was about to transmit a prophetic quotation he, out of respect, would make ablution, put on his robe and then transmit. When he was asked why he had done so, he replied, "Because it is the saying of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him)."

 

When people visited Malik, his maid would go to them and ask, 'The shaykh asks whether you have come to hear prophetic quotations or if it is because you have a question." If they had questions, he would come out to hear them, but if it was to hear a prophetic quotation he would first make ablution, put on some perfume and fresh robes on top of which he would wear a dark cloak. He would wear a turban and then place the hood of his cloak over his head. A platform would be set up for him and he would go out to his visitors in a state of humility, and aloes were burned until he finished teaching the prophetic sayings. When he was asked why he did this he replied, "I like to show my respect for the sayings of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) and I will only teach them when I have made ablution."

 

Malik disliked being asked about a hadith while walking in the street, standing up or when he was in a hurry. He said, "I like to ensure that people understand the sayings of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him)" Malik was transmitting some of the sayings of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and during that time Abdullah, Mubarack's son tells us that a scorpion stung him sixteen times. Malik's face changed color and became pale, but it did not stop him from continuing his teaching. At the end of the lesson, after the people departed, Abdullah said to him, "I saw you do something extraordinary today!" Malik replied, "Yes, I endured it out of respect for the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him)." The Judge Jarir, Abdul Hamid's son asked Malik about a prophetic quotation while he was standing up. Malik ordered that he should be arrested. He was then told, "But this is the judge!" Malik replied, "A judge should have better manners." Hisham, al-Ghazi's son was standing up when he asked Malik about a prophetic saying. Malik struck him twenty times with a whip and then had pity on him and taught him twenty prophetic quotations. Hisham said, "I wish he had given me more strikes, and then more prophetic quotations!"

 

Section 5: The Prophet's devotion to his family, descendants and wives

 

An element of respect and devotion to Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) is one's devotion to his family, wives who are the Mothers of Believers, and descendants, may Allah be pleased with them. Such respect and devotion was evident in the close Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and the early generations. Allah said, "O family of the House, Allah only wishes to distance fault from you and cleanse you." 33:33. Allah also tells us, "his (Prophet Mohammed's) wives are their mothers." 33:6. We are told by Zaid, Arqam's son that one day the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said thrice, "I beseech you by Allah! The People of my House!" When Zaid asked whom he meant by the "People of his House", he replied, "The family of Ali, the family of Ja'far (son of Abu Talib), the family of Uqayl (son of Abu Talib), and the family of al-Abbas."

 

Shortly before the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) passed away he told his Companions, "I am leaving you with something. Take hold of it and you will not go astray: the Book of Allah, my family and the people of my House. Take care to follow my instruction regarding them." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Recognition of the family of Mohammed is freedom from the Fire. Love of the family of Mohammed is crossing over the Bridge. Friendship for the family of Mohammed is safety from the Fire." A scholar explained recognition means the recognition of their place in relation to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). This recognition is coupled to the recognition of rights and respect due to them because of it." Umar, Salama's son tells us that the verse, "O family of the House, Allah only wishes to distance fault from you and cleanse you." 33:33 was sent down in the house of Umm Salama whereupon, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) called for his daughter Lady Fatima and her sons Hassan and Hussayn and wrapped them in a garment as Ali stood behind him and said, "O Allah, these are the People of my House, so remove all impurity from them and purify them completely".

 

Saad, Abi Wakkas' son spoke of the verse in which the curse of Allah is invoked, "To those who dispute with you concerning him after the knowledge has come to you, say, 'Come, let us gather our sons and your sons, our womenfolk and your womenfolk, ourselves and yourselves. Then let us humbly pray and so lay the curse of Allah upon the ones who lie.'" 3:61. Saad said that when this verse was received the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) called Ali, Hassan, Hussayn and Fatima and said, "O Allah, these are my family." Of the rank of Ali, may Allah honour his face, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Whosoever has me for his master, Ali is his master. O Allah, befriend the one who befriends him and oppose the one who opposes him!" The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told Ali, "Only a believer will love you and only a hypocrite will hate you."

 

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his uncle Al-Abbas, "By the One in whose hand is my soul, belief will not enter a persons heart until he loves Allah and His Messenger. Whosoever harms my uncle has harmed me. A man's uncle is like his father." He also told Al-Abbas, "My uncle, feed Ali with your children." Then he gathered them and wrapped them in his robe and said, "This is my uncle, and my father's own brother and these are the people of my House, so shield them from the Fire as I am shielding them." Whereupon the threshold of the door and the walls of the house were heard saying, "Amen, Amen." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) would take hold of the hand of Osama, Zaid's son and Al-Hassan and supplicate, "Love them, O Allah, because I love them." Abu Bakr said, "Respect Mohammed by respecting the People of his House." He also declared, "By the One in whose hand is my soul, the near kin of the Messenger of Allah are dearer to me than my own kindred." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his Companions, "Allah loves those who love Hassan." Referring to his two grandsons, Al-Hassan and Al-Hussayn, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Whosoever loves these two, their father and their mother will be with me on the Day of Resurrection." May Allah be pleased with them.

 

Of the Quraysh, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Whosoever demeans the Quraysh, Allah will demean them." He also said, "Give preference to the Quraysh, and do not precede them." To Umm Salama, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Do not injure me by injuring Aisha." Ukba, al-Harith's son tells of the time when he saw Abu Bakr putting al-Hassan on his shoulders and said, "By my father, he looks like the Prophet! He does not look like Ali!" Ali just laughed. Abdullah, Hassan's son, who father was al-Hussayn said, "I was in need of something so I went to Umar, Abdul Aziz's son and he told me, 'If you have a need, send for me or write to me. I am ashamed before Allah that you should have to come to me." The mother of Zaid, Thabit's son passed away and after the funeral prayer he fetched his mule so that he might mount. Abbas' son saw him, came and took hold of the stirrup whereupon Zaid politely said, "Let go, nephew of the Messenger of Allah." Abbas' son said, "This is the way we behave with the knowledgeable." Then Zaid kissed Abbas' hand and said, "This is the way in which I was instructed to behave with the People of the House."

 

The daughter of Osama, Zaid's son who had been a Companion of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) went, and was now elderly went to see the son of Umar Abdul Aziz with the help of her servant who held her by the hand. Upon seeing her Umar respectfully got up and walked towards her and assisted her by taking hold of her hand, and thereafter placed his hands on his garment. He walked some of the way with her, then sat her down in his place while he, himself sat down in front of her and gave her anything she asked. When Umar, al-Khattab's son was distributing the spoils of war, he gave his son Abdullah three thousand whereas he gave Osama, Zaid's son three thousand five hundred. Abdullah asked his father, "Why did you give Osama more than me? By Allah, he did not fight in the battle before me." His father replied, "It was because Zaid was dearer to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) than your father, and Osama was dearer to him than you, so I preferred the love of the Messenger of Allah to my love."

 

When Jaafar, Sulayman's son flogged Malik, Anas's son, Malik became unconscious and people came to nurse to him. When he regained consciousness he said, "I bear witness to you that I have made my flogging an act in which I forgive and forgo my rights." He was asked later on why he had made such a statement, whereupon he replied, "I am afraid of dying and meeting the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) with the shame that one of his family entered the Fire because of me." It has been said that the Caliph, Al-Mansur said that Malik could retaliate against Ja'far, but Malik declined saying, "I seek refuge in Allah. By Allah, every time the whip left my body I forgave because of his kinship to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him)."

 

Abu Bakr, Ayyash's son said, "If Abu Bakr, Umar and Ali had come to me I would had addressed the needs of Ali first on account of his kinship to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him). I would rather fall from heaven to earth than prefer either of them to Ali." Abbas' son was told, "So-and-so has passed away" mentioning one of the names of the Prophet's wives (may Allah be pleased with them) whereupon he prostrated and those around him asked, "Do you prostrate at this hour?" (which was during an eclipse). He replied, "What greater sign could there be than the departure of one of the wives of the Prophet." Abu Bakr and Umar would visit Umm Ayman, who had been the maid of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and said, "The Messenger of Allah used to visit her." Halima Saadiyaa, who had been the foster mother of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) used to visit the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) whereupon he would spread out his cloak for her to sit on and attended to anything she needed. After the passing of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon, Abu Bakr and Umar would do the same whenever she visited them.

 

Section 6: The Prophet's respect for his Companions, his attachment to them and their recognition

 

Another aspect of the respect and obedience due to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) is that one should respect his Companions, follow them, recognize their rights, praise them, ask for their forgiveness, shy away from discussing their differences, show enmity to those hostile towards them, and reject the misguidance of the Shi'a and innovators, as well as the reports of historians or ignorant transmitters (or the poison subtly introduced by orientalists) who attempt to detract from their esteem. If something is reported about them regarding the differences that took place between them, the most correct approach is to adopt the best interpretation and look for the appropriate way because they are deserving of such. None of the Companions should be mentioned in a bad manner nor yet rebuked, the correct approach is to mention their good deeds, virtues and praiseworthy qualities and remain silent about other matters. Upon this subject, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Whenever my Companions are mentioned, hold your tongue."

 

Allah says, "Mohammed is the Messenger of Allah. Those who are with him are harsh against the unbelievers but merciful to one another." 48:29. He also says, "As for the first Outstrippers among the migrants and supporters. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him." 9:100. Also "Allah was pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance to you under the tree and He knew what was in their hearts." 48:18. And, "there are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah." 33:23. Hudhayfa heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) say, "Follow those after me, Abu Bakr and Umar." He also said, "My Companions are like stars, whichever of them you follow you will be guided." We are told by Anas that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said of his Companions, "The likeness of my Companions is like salt in food, it is not good without it."

 

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "O Allah, Allah, my Companions. Do not make them targets after me! Whosoever loves them loves them it is because they love me, and whosoever hates them it is through their hatred of me. Whosoever harms them, harms me. Whosoever does something to hurt me does it is as if it is hurtful to Allah. Whosoever does something that appears to be hurtful to Allah is about to be seized." Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) warned, "Do not curse my Companions. If anyone were capable of spending the weight of Mount Uhud in gold, it would not even reach the measure of one of them, nor yet their half." He also said, "Should anyone curse my Companions, the curse of Allah will fall upon him, and that of the angels and all mankind. Allah will not accept any exchange or recompense from him."

 

Jabir tells us that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Allah chose my Companions over everyone else in existence except for the prophets and messengers. He chose four of them for me, Abu Bakr, Umar, Othman and Ali, and He made them to be my best Companions, and all of my Companions are good." Of Umar the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Whosoever loves Umar has loved me, and whosoever hates Umar hates me." The jurist Malik, Anas's son and others said, "Whosoever hates and curses the Companions has no right to the Muslim treasury. Their judgment was found on the verse, "Those who came after them say, 'Forgive us our Lord, and forgive our brothers who were believers before us. Do not put in our hearts any spite towards those who believe.'" 59:10. Malik also was of the opinion that whosoever is outraged by the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) is an unbeliever, on account of the verse that reads, "and through them He enrages the unbelievers." 48:29.

 

Abdullah, al-Mubarak's son said, "There are two qualities if found in a person will bring about their salvation. They are truthfulness and love for the Companions of Mohammed." Khalid, Said's son said that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "O my people, I am pleased with Abu Bakr, so make it known. O my people, I am pleased with Umar, Ali, Othman, Talha, Zubair, Saad, Said and Abdur Rahman, Awf's son, so make it known. O my people, Allah has forgiven the people of Badr and al-Hudabiyyah. O my people, protect me in my Companions and my relatives by marriage. Do not let any of them have cause to demand of you any restitution for an injustice committed against them. A wrongful claim will not be granted on the Day of Resurrection." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) spoke of the importance of loving his Companions saying, "I will be the guardian of whosoever protects me in my Companions on the Day of Resurrection, and whosoever protects me in my Companions will come to me at the Pool (Kawthar), but whosoever does not protect me in my Companions will not come to me at the Pool and will only see me from a distance." Malik, Anas's son said, "Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) taught his followers the manner to which Allah guided him, and by which He made him a mercy for the worlds. In the darkness of night he would go to al-Baqi (the cemetery in which many of his family and Companions are buried) and supplicated for forgiveness for them in the same way that a person goes to see someone off on a journey. Allah had commanded him to do that, and the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) commanded his nation to have love and friendship for them and to be in opposition to those who opposes his Companions."

 

Section 7: The respect for the things and places associated with the Prophet

 

Another element of the one's reverence and esteem for Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) is found in all things and places connected to him in Mecca, Medina and elsewhere. Of Medina, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "The curse of Allah, the angels and all mankind falls upon whosoever innovates something (against the spirit of Islam) in it or shelters an innovator (of something against the spirit of Islam) therein." Saffiyah, daughter of Najda tells us that Abu Madhura had a long lock of hair on his forehead that touched the ground when he sat down. When he was asked why he did not cut it he replied, "I will not cut off something that the hand of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) touched." The Sword of Islam, Khalid, al-Waleed's son had some strands of the Prophet's of hair that he placed inside his cap. During one of the battles the cap fell off whereupon he fought zealously to retrieve it. He told his companions that he had not fought for the sake of the cap, rather he had fought to retrieve the strands of the Prophet's hair that were tucked within it so that he would not be deprived of their blessing, and also to avoid them falling into the hands of the unbelievers.

Umar's son was seen placing his hand on the seat of the Prophet's pulpit and then wipe it over his face. It was on account of the esteem Malik had for the Prophet, praise and peacebe upon him, that we would not ride a mount in Medina. He would say, "I am too shy before Allah to trample with the hoof of an animal upon the earth in which the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) is buried." Someone in Medina said, "The soil of Medina is bad." This outrageous statement caused Malik to pronounce the judgment against him that he should be beaten and jailed. The man had connections to the hierarchy of Medina but Malik did not retract his judgment and said, "He claims the soil in which the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) is buried is not good!" Jihjah al-Ghifari snatched hold of the Prophet's staff from Uthman's hand and proceeded to try and break it across his knee. Upon seeing this the people shouted at him. Thereafter he was stricken by an itching disease in his knee and despite its amputation he died within the year.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Whosoever swears to a lie on my pulpit will have a seat in the Fire." A believer was blessed to visit the City of Medina and as he approached he sang the following song: "The veil has been lifted from us and a moon shines out to those who look on, banishing all illusions. As our mounts reach Mohammed, it is forbidden for us to be found in our saddles. We are drawing near to the best man to have ever walked upon the earth, so it is with respect and honour that we hold this ground." When a pious shaykh went on pilgrimage he went on foot. When asked why he had done so, he replied, "What, an offending worshiper going to the home of his master riding! Had I been able to walk upon my head, I would not have walked upon my feet!"

Reverence and respect for the places in which the Revelation were received and which the angels Gabriel and Michael visited, as well as places where the angels descended, also places that heard the sounds of worship and exaltation, and the blessed soil that surrounds the body of the Master of all mankind (peace and blessing be upon him) and places from which the religion of Allah and the prophetic quotations of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) were spread are necessities. One must also revere and respect the places where verses of the Quran were studied, the mosques in which the prayer was offered, places where virtues and good deeds were witnessed, places that saw proofs and miracles, places associated with the rites of the religion and the stations of the pilgrimage and the waymarks of the Master of all the messengers of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him). The places where the Seal of the Prophets (peace and blessing be upon him) lived and from which the prophecy gushed and where its waves overflowed. The places that witnessed the message, and the first earth that the skin of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) touched after his death-its fragrance should be inhaled, its residence and walls kissed.

"O abode of the best of all Messengers the one by whom people are guided and he who was chosen to receive the verses. For you I have intense, passionate love, and a yearning which kindles the embers of my heart. I have a vow-if I fill my eyes with those walls and the places where you walked, then my turbaned gray head will be covered with dust from so much kissing. Had it not been for obstacles and enemies, I would always visit them, even if I were to be dragged upon my feet. But I will be guided in my eagerness to greet the inhabitants of those houses and rooms. By a scent purer than the most splendid musk which covers him each morning and evening. Pure, and ever increasing blessings are bestowed upon him through the prayers for peace and blessings upon him."