HomeShifa › Miracles Of Prophet Characteristics

Chapter 4. The Miracles Given To The Prophet Together With Their Special Characteristics

Section 1:Introduction

Section 2: The Prophethood and Messengership

Section 3: The meaning of miracles

Section 4:The unique inimitability of the Arabic Quran

Section 5: The inimitability of the composition and style of the Arabic Quran

Section 6: Matters relating to a future time, and unseen affairs

Section 7: The news of bygone generations and vanished nations

Section 8: The challenge in the Revelation issued to the Arabs and their inability to respond, coupled with the informing of their inability

Section 9: The fear and awe that arouses hearts upon listening to the Quran

Section 10: The protection of the Quran until the end of time

Section 11: A kaleidoscope of the Quran's inimitability

Section 12: The miraculous splitting of the moon and the delaying of the setting of the sun

Section 13: The miracle of the water that flowed from the fingers of the Prophet

Section 14: The miracle of the water that flowed on account of the blessing of the Prophet

Section 15: The miracle of the increase in the amount of food on account of his blessings and supplication

Section 16: The miracle of the tree that spoke. It's answering to the Prophet's call and its witnessing to his Prophethood

Section 17: The miracle of the Palm trunk that wailed at its separation from the Prophet

Section 18: Miracles relating to inanimate things

Section 19:Miracles connected with animals

Section 20: The miraculous revival the dead and their speech. Babies and suckling infants that spoke and bore witness to his Prophethood

Section 21: The miraculous healing of the sick and the incurable

Section 22: The answering of the Prophet's supplication

Section 23: Miracles and blessings, things that were transformed through his touch

Section 24: The Prophet's knowledge of the Unseen and the future

Section 25: The protection of Allah for His Prophet, and that He suffices him against those who injured him

Section 26: The Prophet's knowledge and sciences

Section 27: The Prophet's communication with angels and jinn

Section 28: Narrations about his characteristics, and signs of his Messengership

Section 29: A brief insight into aspects of his birth, childhood and adulthood

Section 30: Summary of the miracles given to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) together with their special characteristics

 

Section 1:Introduction

 

Qadi Iyyad opens this chapter by saying that this reference was not compiled for the unfortunate who reject the Prophethood of our Beloved Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) nor the blind who challenge the validity of the miracles with which he was sent. If it were otherwise then he says he would have to defend them and establish their proofs. However, he sets out the preconditions of the miracles, the challenge with its definition, and the invalid statements of those who disclaim them. This reference was written primarily for those who believe in the religion of the Prophet, answer his call, and bear witness to his Prophethood so that it increases their love for him and affects their way of life, "so that they might add belief upon belief" 48:4.

His intention is to establish the bases of his miracles and well known signs so as to give the reader an insight to the immense value with which Allah has preferred His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). The miracles and signs presented in this chapter are, in the transmission of hadith terminology, authentic or very close so that they are accepted. Added to this is additional information extracted from the famous references of scholars of Islam. He writes that those who are fair-minded will reflect upon what has already been mentioned, and draw upon the beautiful things recorded about the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) such as his praiseworthy style of life, his noble qualities, the evidence presented demonstrating his very high rank and his quotations, and the truth of his role. This in itself has been the cause for many to embrace Islam and follow him.

Abdullah, Shalom's son, who was a Companion of the Prophet and had previously been a prominent Rabbi said, "When the Messenger of Allah came to Medina, I went to look at him. When I saw his face I recognized that it was not the face of a liar." The father of Rimtha Taymi tells us, "I went to see the Prophet with one of my sons, when he was pointed out to me and I saw him I said, 'This is indeed the Prophet of Allah." Damad went to visit the Prophet who said to him, "Praise be to Allah! We praise Him and seek His help. No one can misguide whosoever Allah guides, and whosoever He misguides has no guide. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone without any associate and that Mohammed is His worshiper and Messenger." Upon hearing these words, Damad asked him to repeat them saying, "Your words have reached a depth like that of the ocean, give me your hand, I will give you my allegiance."

Tarik was among those who had never seen the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) in Medina, and he came upon him by chance, not knowing who he was. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked him what he had to sell, and those with him replied that they had a camel. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) inquired its price and they agreed upon an exchange for a quantity of dates. Having struck the deal the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) took hold of the camel's rein and went to Medina. Tarik and his companion were a little anxious and said, 'We have sold to a man and we do not even know who he is!" There was a woman with them who said, 'I will guarantee the price of the camel, I saw the face of that man and it was like the full moon-he will not cheat you!' The following morning, a man arrived with the dates and said, "I am the messenger of the Messenger of Allah. He invites you to eat some of the dates and then weigh them and you will have the weight in full" and this they did.

The name of the King of Oman was al-Julanda, and news reached him that Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) had invited him to Islam. Upon hearing this he said, "By Allah who has guided me to the unlettered Prophet, if he commands something good, he is the first to do it, and when he forbids something, he is the first to avoid it. When he conquers he is not proud, and when defeated his is not aggrieved. He fulfils a contract and is true to his promise. I bear witness that he is a prophet." Naftoyah explained the verse, "Its oil would almost shine forth though no fire had touched it." 24:35 saying, "This is the likeness that Allah has struck for His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and the meaning of this verse is that his face almost indicated his Prophethood even before he received the Quran." Rawaha's son said, "Even if there had not been clear signs for us, his face would have enlighten you with its news."

 

Section 2: The Prophethood and Messengership

 

The reader, as one finds in cases with certain prophets, Allah can bring about direct knowledge of Himself, His Essence, His Names, His Attributes and all of His commands all at the same time in the hearts of His worshipers without an intermediary, and one recalls the words of Allah that say, "It does not belong to any human that Allah should speak to him except by Revelation." 42:51. However, it is permitted that knowledge of such matters can reach them by means of an intermediary who transmits His words to them. The intermediary may or not be human, as in the case of prophets they can be angels, or prophets to their nation. Intellectual proof dictates that this is not forbidden, since it is permissible and not impossible.

The Messengers brought miracles that clearly show that they are truthful and thereby necessitate their being confirmed in all they brought because miracles are, for the most part, accompanied by a challenge from the respective prophet. This is rooted in the words of Allah, "My worshiper has spoken the truth, therefore obey him and follow him." From this quotation we are made aware that Allah is in fact testifying to the truthfulness of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). To say more would be to go beyond the purpose of this reference. Whosoever wishes to discover more details will find the subject covered in the Islamic references of our imams.

The Arabic root word for prophet "naba'a", written with the letter "hamza" means "to give news, or to report". The meaning of this has been explained that Allah imparted knowledge of the Unseen to His prophets, and taught each one that he had become His Prophet. With this knowledge they were themselves informed, and therefore able to inform and proclaim to others that with which Allah had sent them. Those who read it without the letter "hamza" explain it as derived from the root meaning "that which rises from the earth", which is an indication that prophets have a noble rank and exalted position with their Lord, and both these meanings are applicable to all of the prophets.

The Arabic word for "messenger" is "Rasul", which means someone who is sent. By being sent he is commanded by Allah to convey the message entrusted to him to his people. "Rasul" is a word derived from succession, in other words one who succeeded another. A messenger bears the obligation to convey the message entrusted to him and also the obligation upon his people to accept and follow him just as it had been obligatory upon previous peoples to follow their current messenger.

There is a difference of opinion about whether "prophet" and "messenger" are one of the same, or are different in their meaning. There are scholars who are of the opinion that they are the same and their root is from "news" and therefore this means "inform". Those who adhere to this opinion quote the verse "Never have We sent a Messenger or a Prophet before you." 22:52 this verse affirms that both messenger and prophet are sent. Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "The Prophet is a Messenger and the Messenger is a Prophet." It has been said that there is one matter in which they are different, however, both entail that of the rank of prophet, and this is that they inform people of the Unseen and teach them about the rank of prophethood so that they are able to recognize their exalted rank and follow them. The difference of opinion arises in that a Messenger is entrusted with a message, which is the command to warn and teach and the proof of this opinion is also extracted from the same verse on account of the two titles being kept separate and if they both bore the same meaning then the question is asked what is the point of repeating them?

Those adhering to this opinion interpret the meaning of this verse as being, "Never have We sent a Messenger to a nation or a Prophet." Some say that Messengers were those who brought a new Law and that those who did not were Prophets, but not Messengers. The consensus is that the authentic position is that all the Messengers were Prophets but not every Prophet was a Messenger. The first Messenger was Adam and the last Mohammed, peace be upon all them. Abu Dharr reported that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) informed his Companions that there were approximately 124,000 prophets of whom there were 313 messengers, and that the first messenger was Adam. Peace be upon all the prophets and messengers of Allah.

The Arabic word for revelation is "wahy", and its root means "to hasten". When Allah sends a matter quickly to His prophet it is called Revelation, and consists of three types. The one with the challenge which is the Quran, which is the Word of Allah without human voicing and letters, the second is the Divine quotations which is the meaning from Allah expressed in the words of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) in which he reports "As Allah said", the third is the revelation of the Prophetic quotations which is inspiration to the Prophet in his own eloquent, unique words. A further explanation of "revelation" is from the root words "al-waha" meaning "quickly". It can also mean secrecy and concealment and because of this simple inspiration has been called revelation. Allah says, "We revealed this to Moses' mother" 28:7-cast in her heart. Allah also says, "It does not belong to any human that Allah should speak to him except by Revelation." 42:52 this is that which He casts into the heart without an intermediary.

 

Section 3: The meaning of miracles

 

One should understand that miracles given to a prophet are classified as such because they surpass the capability of any human endeavour, they are supernatural. On the other hand, there are things human beings have the potential of doing but Allah prevents them from their doing, for example no created being is capable of composing the Quran. When the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) challenged those who belied him to produce something similar to the Quran, it was in order to demonstrate the incapacity of even the most eloquent of human beings. It is beyond the power of any created being to give life to the deceased, turn a staff into a snake, bring the she-camel out of the rock, cause a tree to speak, water to flow from between the fingers or split the moon in half. Allah alone is the One capable of such things, and they are among the miracles given to the prophet's of Allah through their hands. One should also be aware that the miracles that appeared through the hand of Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) are the proofs of his Prophethood and the signs of his truthfulness.

Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) is the Messenger to whom the most miracles were given and the one to whom the clearest signs and proofs were given. His miracles are too numerous to be counted. Each and every verse of the Quran is in itself a miracle, and no one has ever been able to meet his challenge to produce even a short chapter such as “Al-Kawthar", nor yet a single verse similar to those of the Quran. The miracles given to Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) are of two categories.

 

  1. The first comprises of those that are well known and transmitted through many hands such as the Quran. None can doubt or argue that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) did not deliver it, and it is through him that it appeared, and also that he used it as a proof. If an arrogant self-opinionated denier rejects this, then it is similar to denying that Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) existed! As we mentioned earlier the Quran itself is a miracle and contains a multitude of miracles, and the fact that no one can imitate it is indisputable and proven by investigation as we will explain later. A scholar of Islam explained, "This principle is relevant to the signs and the surpassing of normal phenomena that occurred at the hands of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) all of which attain an unquestionable level. Neither believer nor unbeliever disputed the occurrence that these extraordinary matters occurred at his hands. The claim of the unbelievers is that they were not from Allah."

 

  1. The second consists of matters that do not reach the level of the Quran and this is in itself divided into two types.
  2. One is comprised of miracles that are very well-known and transmitted in the form of hadith, and the prophetic events (seerah), and include such miracles as the water that flowed from his blessed fingers and a small amount of food becoming plentiful. Then, there are also matters that were made known to just a couple of people, so consequently there are only a few transmitters and therefore not as well known or widely reported as the previous type, but they are found to be compatible and both are confirmation of miracles. As for the signs given to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) there are without doubt many. For example the event of the splitting in half of the moon, this great miracle is recorded in both the Quran and prophetic sayings. Unless there is absolute proof, the literal meaning should never be taken as other than such. Its occurrence is supported by authenticated reports transmitted from a variety of sources. Therefore one's criteria should be to uphold it, and not be way-laid by the foolishness of weak-minded persons ignorant of the religion, nor yet should one consider the opinion of innovators who cast doubt in the heart of believers, rather, one should turn away from such foolishness. The same applies to the miraculous events of the water that flowed from the Prophet's fingers, and the small amount of food becoming plentiful, both of which were witnessed and reported by numerous Companions. Many of the closest Companions also witnessed and reported the occurrence of miracles, for example, those that occurred during the digging of the Trench, the Battle of Buwat, at Hudaybiah, Tabuk, as well as during other encounters with the unbelievers. None of the Companions who transmitted these miracles were found to contradict one another either in what the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said or did. Neither did they raise any objections to the statements attributed to them when they were transmitted later. It might be asked why some of the Companions did not report certain  miracles and remained silent, the answer is that they did not remain silent about anything that was untrue, nor yet were they given to untruthful flattery, their character was to speak up. Neither desire nor fear prevented them from doing so, if they heard something that was in general recognized as being untrue or if it was unknown to them, their policy was that of rejection. Some however, recognized matters relating to the prophetic way whereas others did not.
  3. As for the weak or falsely attributed quotations purported to have been said by the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) these too are well documented together with the name of the originating liar and classified accordingly in the science of falsely attributed Prophetic sayings. There are some signs in the prophetic quotations that may have appeared as somewhat obscure when first spoken. These quotations have been used by those who oppose Islam to undermine and weaken the strength of reports, however, with the passage of time, much to the disappointment of the opposition, these signs have become a reality. The same applies to the reports of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) relating to the Unseen and his prophesy of events that were yet to be made manifest, they can no longer be used as a tool of the opposition.

 

Qadi Iyyad tells us that the above has been stated by the Imams, Judge Abu Bakr al-Baqillani, Abu Bakr, Furak's son as well as other notables and that everything known to him is verifiable. He also says that should anyone claim these stories only reached us by the report of one person, then the claimant is not well versed in either the reports, transmissions and other sciences. The Judge, as further proof, also informs us that whosoever studies the linkage between transmitters of either the prophetic quotations or the history cannot fail to validate the reported miracles and it is by no means unlikely for a person to receive knowledge from numerous sources of transmitters, and another person not. Allah willing (insha Allah), more of these miracles will be discussed in a later section, and clarified.

 

Section 4:The unique inimitability of the Arabic Quran

 

(The following sections demonstrate the inimitability of the Arabic Quran. Because this reference is presented for the English seeker, it follows that the Quran texts have been rendered into English. It is important that one should be aware that he/she cannot even begin to savour the real taste of the compelling beauty of the Arabic Quran with all its facets, let alone its fineries because the English quotations merely endeavour to present an understanding of its meaning because even the most eloquent composition of the English language is not rich enough to do justice to the Words of Allah.)

 

The Arabic Quran has numerous facets which are impossible to imitate. To illustrate the inimitability of these aspects they have placed in four categories. The first aspect illustrates the excellence of the composition of the Quran, the joining together of the structure of its words and the purity of its Arabic because its eloquence is far beyond the reach and capability of even the most adept tongue of any Arab. Allah blessed the Arab nation with a natural gift of language. At the time the Holy Quran was revealed, the Arabs had mastered its linguistic expressions. Its eloquence and exact meaning surpassed that of any nation and had at that time reached its pinnacle of excellence. The language had the capability of touching the very depths of one's heart. To the Arab it was a natural phenomena and part of their character. They wrote poetry that was powerful and arousing, sometimes it was used to praise, at others defame. Such poetry was used to present requests and their like, or to elevate or degrade a matter. Their mastery had reached such a high level that even the intelligent could be deceived, they also used it as a tool to heal longstanding tribal feuds, incite the coward to acts of bravery, persuade the miser to be generous, make the imperfect perfect and debase society's elite so that they became of little standing.

The Arabic language was most rich in expression among the Bedouin who used it in not only in a decisive, rational way but with a superb usage of clarity, and powerful manner. The town-dweller was also skilful in its eloquence, and able to express himself splendidly with just a few words. Both walks of life were capable of expressing matters in an effective and convincing manner that gave them the sharper edge and opened the way. Eloquence was the tool of their leadership, they were capable of speaking on both significant and insignificant subjects, they were indeed masters of expression and exercised words of rare usages. As for their prose and poetry there were many festivals to which people from distant areas would travel to contend or simply listen and enjoy.

None but a Messenger from Allah could have caused their wonderment at the Quran's eloquent, truthful, purposeful composition. Allah says, "Falsehood does not come to it from before it or from behind it. It is a sending down from the One, the Wise, the Praised." 41:42. Both its verses and words are exact, distinguished and eloquent. The purity of the Arabic Quran surpasses every other form of Arabic with its conquering conciseness and inimitability. In it one discovers the articulation of both unvarnished and metaphorical verses, all of which vie with one another in beauty. One also finds in its succinctness new expressions that outperform others in their clarity. The excellence of its composition is balanced by its succinctness, and its expressions convey numerous meanings.

Of the stubborn unbelievers who refused to acknowledge the Quran was and still is far superior and surpasses the composition of all the greatest Arab orators, Allah says and challenges, "Do they say, 'He has forged it?' Say, 'Compose one chapter like it, and call upon whom you will, other than Allah (to help you), if what you say is true!'" 10:38. And, "If you are in doubt of what We have sent down to Our worshiper (Prophet Mohammed), produce a chapter comparable to it. Call upon your helpers, other than Allah, to assist you, if you are true. But if you fail, as you are sure to fail then guard yourselves against the Fire whose fuel is people and stones, prepared for the unbelievers." 2:24-25. Also, "Say, 'If mankind and jinn combined together to produce the like of this Quran, they would never be able to produce one like it, not even if they were to help one another.'" 17:88. And, "Then produce ten forged chapters like it." 11.13. It is easy to take the words or ideas of another and present them as one's own rather than to originate. Writing something that is false or fabricated is much simpler, whereas when one strives to compose something that has a sound meaning it is difficult, hence the phrase, "So-and-so writes as he is told, but so-and so writes as he wants". Between the first and the second there is a huge gulf, and the first is better than the second.

Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) always held the wellbeing of his nation at heart, and for their own good he never gave up in his rebuke of those who refused to believe. He would rebuke and warn them in the harshest, most compelling manner. He referred to their dreams as being foolish and did not honour their chieftains. The structure of their society became shattered by his teachings, both the unbelievers and their false deities were censured, and their homes and property were later on confiscated. But still in support of their stance, they shied away from taking the challenge to produce even one single verse to rival the Quran, they simply deceived themselves through the rejection of the Words of Allah. Allah quotes the rebuke of the unbelievers, "Are we to follow a mortal who is one of us? Then indeed, we would surely be in error and insane." 54:24. And "This is but a falsehood he has forged-another nation has helped him.' 25:4. Or, "He has written tales of the ancients." 25:5. They lied and satisfied themselves in their self-deceit. Allah describes the unbelievers with their saying "Our hearts are covered." 2:88. And, "Our hearts are veiled from that to which you call us, and in our ears there is heaviness, and between us and you is a veil." 41:5. And He refers to the contempt of the unbelievers who said, "Do not listen to this Quran, and talk idly about it so that you might be overcome." 1:26.

The arrogant audacity of the unbelievers is recorded in the Quran when they claimed, "If we wished, we could speak its like." 8:31. Allah informs them "you are sure to fail." 2:24. All contenders were rendered completely powerless, none were able to fulfil their presumptuous claim. During the life of Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) there was a man called Musaylima, who laid claim to the prophethood. He attempted to compose verses to rival the Quran but his errors were obvious and thereby his status exposed, and Allah rendered his "fine" words to naught. Had it been otherwise people might not well have realized that the Quran is far above the eloquence of their own expression of pure Arabic. Commenting upon the superlative eloquence of the verse in Arabic that reads, "Allah orders justice, and good deeds." 16:90, Walid, Mughira's son said, "I swear by Allah it has both sweetness and grace. The least of it is abundant and the highest of it is fruitful, no human being could have said this."

The eloquence of the verse "Proclaim then what you are commanded" 15:94 penetrated the heart of a certain Bedouin whereupon he fell down prostrate and said, "I prostrated on account of its superlative Arabic." Upon another occasion another Bedouin heard the verse "When they despaired of him, they went in private to confer together" 12:80, and said "I bear witness that no human is capable of these words!" One day, as the Caliph Omar, Khattab's son slept in the Mosque he was awakened by a person standing by his head bearing witness to the Oneness of Allah. Omar asked him who he was, whereupon the man told him that he was a Byzantine general conversant with Arabic and several other languages. He told him that he had heard a Muslim who had been taken captive reciting the Quran whereupon he reflected upon its words and realized it contained the same message that Allah had sent down about this world and the Hereafter to Prophet Jesus, Mary's son. The Words that touched him were "Those who obey Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah, and have awe of Him shall be the winners." 24:52.

A serving girl was heard speaking eloquently, whereupon Al-Asmay said, "What has made you so eloquent?" But the girl replied, "Is what I said considered eloquent after the Words of Allah, "We revealed this to Moses' mother, 'Suckle him, but when you fear for him cast him into the water. Neither fear, nor sorrow because We shall restore him to you and make him among the Messengers.'" 28:7. This verse contains two commands, two prohibitions, and two pieces of good news coupled to together. Also the planning of Allah is made evident in this verse as the casting of Moses into the water turns to be the cause of his safety rather than its opposite. This inimitability of the Arabic Quran is unique and incomparable. This is because firstly, it is a well established fact that it was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and that it is he who delivered it. Secondly, with it the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) challenged the Arabs and they were rendered incapable of responding to the challenge.

We have drawn your attention to many aspects, volumes could be written portraying just a fraction of its benefits, each phrase contains many degrees of meaning, and an overflow of knowledge. Even lengthy narrations about previous generations and nations merge into one another, they are a sign for one to reflect upon the cohesion of its words, its presentation and how its various facets are put in balance, such as one finds in the story of Prophet Joseph. Many of these stories occur in different chapters of the Quran, yet the phrasing varies so much that story takes on a totally new light, which is part of its beauty. One is never averse to its constant repetition, nor yet disdainful to their hearing over and over again.

 

Section 5: The inimitability of the composition and style of the Arabic Quran

 

The composition and unique style of the Arabic Quran is yet another facet of it inimitability. Its revelation presented a style of Arabic very different from the regular usage of Arabic not to mention the highly developed methods of composition, prose and poetry of the Arabs. One finds the divisions of its verses stop and finish whereas the words are threaded through to the next, this finery neither existed before nor after its sending, and no one was and ever will be capable to produce anything like it. When the Arabs heard its recitation it captivated them in such a way that they surrendered. Simply, they had never heard anything so compelling in any form of Arabic. Walid, Mughira's son, was very knowledgeable of the finer points of Arabic poetry. He had heard the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) speak upon several occasions but one day he happened to hear the recitation of the Quran that convinced him that these were not and could not be the words of a human being. After hearing the verses he went to his uncle Abu Jahl, who was the foremost enemy of the Prophet and rebuked him saying, "By Allah! None of you have a greater knowledgeable of poetry than I, his (normal) speech cannot be compared to that of the Quran!"

As previously mentioned fairs were very well attended occasions. The time came for the annual Quraysh fair and preparations were underway. However, many were concerned about the effect the recitation of the Quran would have on its attendees, so the unbelievers grouped together to agree upon a common saying between them that would not contradict the other. Walid was among those present and when it was suggested that they say "He is a soothsayer," Walid said, "By Allah, he is not a soothsayer! He neither mutters nor speaks in rhymed prose. Another suggested that they say, "He is mad, and possessed by jinn." Walid retorted saying, "He is neither mad nor is he possessed by jinn, there is neither choking nor yet whispering." Then they suggested, "He is a poet" to which Walid replied, "This is not so, we know poetry in all its forms and fineries, he is not a poet." Then they proposed saying, "He is a sorcerer" once again Walid retorted, "He is not a sorcerer, there is neither spitting nor knots." Frustrated they exclaimed, "What then shall we say!" Walid told them, "All that you have put forward is false. The closest statement you made is that he is a sorcerer, because magic is something that can come between a man and his son, between brothers, between a man and his wife and a man and his tribe." Undecided on what to say they parted company and sat by the roadside to warn people. Thereafter Allah revealed about Walid, "Leave Me alone with he whom I created." 74:11.

On another occasion Utba, Rabi'a's son, who was well educated in the art of language, happened to hear the recitation of the Quran and declared, "People, you are aware that there is nothing that I have not learned through its reading and saying. By Allah, I have now heard a form of speech, the like of which I have never heard before. It is neither poetry nor a spell, nor yet is it soothsaying." Abu Dharr, described his brother Anies expertise as a poet saying, "By Allah, I have never heard of anyone more conversant with poetry than my brother Anies. He competed with twelve other poets during the "Time of Ignorance" of which I was one." Prior to the conversion of Abu Dharr, Anies travelled to Mecca and heard news of the Prophet and his teachings (peace and blessing be upon him). Upon his return Abu Dharr asked what people said about the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). Anies replied, "They say he is a poet, a soothsayer and a sorcerer, but I have heard soothsayers speak, and his words are unlike them. I compared him with the reciters of poetry and he is not like them. After what I have said no one should fall into error and refer to him as a poet. He is truthful and they are the liars."

These testimonies are but a few amongst the authentic transmissions. The Quran's inimitability lies in not only its conciseness and eloquence but in its extraordinary style. Opinions vary in the way in which people are incapable of imitating the Quran. There are those who say it is because it is not within the capacity of humans on account of the strength of its clarity, composition, unique structure and style. Such matters are part of its miraculous nature that surpass the capability of any of creation to imitate, just as it is way beyond a created being to revive the dead, transform a staff into a serpent, or cause pebbles to exalt Allah. Another opinion is that of Shaykh Abul Hassan al-Ashari, who is of the opinion that it could be within the capacity of humans to do so if Allah supports them in its doing, but stresses the fact that Allah prevented them from achieving it and thereby rendered its imitation impossible. This opinion is upheld by several other scholars who base their opinion on two arguments. The first argument made is that it has already been established that the Arabs were incapable of doing so. The argument would not have been valid and held against them if it had not been within the power of created beings to achieve it. The second argument is the fact that they were challenged to try and imitate it. This challenge in itself proves their impotence more effectively and is a substantial factor for their being rebuked. It would not be justifiable to make the challenge if the challenged did not have the capacity to do so. This argument is an overwhelming, definitive argument.

One must also reflect upon the condition of the unbelievers when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) peacefully entered Mecca at the time of its opening, and the unbelievers were given the option to convert and remain. At that time, the unbelievers who had been arrogant and contemptuous were forced to swallow their pride and drink from the cup of humility. Had it been in their power it would have been far easier for them to rise to the challenge and produce a verse or a chapter, had they done so their success would have been instant, a definitive victory would have been at their finger tips and their adversary silenced. Try as the Arabs might, even after they had summoned and exhausted all their skills, either individually or collectively, the greatest amongst them were impotent in their attempt to eclipse the Quran and extinguish its light. They were stupefied, unable to utter a single word, their senses dulled and their way blocked.

 

Section 6: Matters relating to a future time, and unseen affairs

 

Another facet of the Quran's inimitability is found in verses relating to matters of the unseen, and events that were to materialize at a later date. The good news of safe entry into Mecca was conveyed to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) in the following verse, "You shall enter the Sacred Mosque in security, if Allah wills." 48:27. Another event that would be realized later was the news that the Persians would be defeated by the Greeks, "But, in a few years after their defeat they shall become the victors." 30:3. Allah gave the good news of the future victory over the unbelievers and the Opening of Mecca saying, "When the victory of Allah and the opening comes." 110:1. Another example is, "Allah has promised those of you who believe and do good works that He will indeed make them successors in the land." 24:55. People embraced Islam in droves, and at the time of the death of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) everyone in the peninsular of Arabia had embraced Islam. From east to west Allah established Islam and caused the believers to be powerful successors. In a quotation of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) he told his Companions, "The earth was gathered together for me so that I was shown its easts and wests, and the kingdom of my nation will reach as far as it was gathered together."

Allah tells us in the Quran, "It is We who sent down the Quran, and We watch over it." 15:9. Throughout the centuries there have been countless heretics and atheists who attempted to alter the Quran, but these attempts fell on barren ground, such attempts still continued in this age, but with Allah keeping watch over His Word they will never be successful. During the time of Qadi Iyyad there was a sect known as "Qarmatians". This sect was very active in their attempt, but they like their predecessors were unsuccessful. Praise be to Allah, none have been successful to extinguish either its light nor yet alter a single word or cause doubt in the minds of Muslims! Allah gave news to His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and his followers of future encounters with the unbelievers saying, "Most certainly their gatherings shall be routed, and they will turn their backs." 54:45. And He also said, "They will not harm you except a little hurt. And if they fight against you, they will turn their backs." 3:111. These events occurred later upon the arrival of their predestined time.

Another aspect is that of the disclosure of unseen affairs, such as the exposure of the secrets of both hypocrites and Jews, and the lies they spread amongst themselves. Allah disclosed their treachery, rebuked them and made known their sentiments saying, "And they say within themselves, 'Why does Allah not punish us for what we say?'" 58:8. He also informed His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and the believers, "They conceal in themselves what they do not disclose to you." 3:154. And, "They are listeners to lies and devourers of the unlawful." 5:42. Of the Jewish Scriptures, Allah informed His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and his followers, "Some Jews tampered with the words (altering) their places saying, 'We have heard and we disobey,' and 'hear, without hearing,' and 'observe us' (Ra'ina, in Hebrew means evil) twisting with their tongues traducing religion." 4:46. Allah promised the Muslims victory and His promise was fulfilled on the Day of Badr, "(Remember) when Allah promised to grant you one of the two parties (at Badr), and you wished for the one that was not strong." 8:7. Allah told His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) "We suffice you against those who mock." 15.95. This verse was sent down in reference to the unbelievers of Mecca who attempted to turn people away from the teachings of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and harm him, however, Allah destroyed them. When the unbelievers tried to kill Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) Allah sent down the verse, "Allah protects you from the people." 5:67.

 

Section 7: The news of bygone generations and vanished nations

 

Another facet of the inimitability of the Quran is found in information relating to bygone generations, as well as nations that had passed away and their laws. At the time of the sending down of the Quran, there were amongst all the "People of the Book", meaning people who received the Torah and the Injeel (Gospel of Jesus), just one scholar who had devoted his entire life to the study of some of these aspects, there were others however, they were not so well versed and their knowledge was incomplete. When Allah sent down to His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) stories of such matters, it was a sign for the People of the Book. They knew he was illiterate and could neither read nor write, and could not have had access to such knowledge through study. They had no other option but to admit that the news he brought came from the Unseen and compelled to admit to its authenticity, and acknowledge its truthfulness.

Whenever some among the parties of the People of the Book met him they would examine and test his knowledge whereupon he would recite to them relevant verses or chapters from the Quran. He recited to them of the stories of Prophet Moses and al-Khidr, of Prophet Joseph and his brothers, the Men in the Cave, Dhu'l Karnain, Luqman and his son as well as stories of other prophets. He related information about the creation, and informed them of what was in the Torah and the original Gospel given to Jesus (which has been lost). He also told them of the Psalms of Prophet David and the Scrolls of Prophets Abraham and Moses. The sincere amongst them converted, acknowledging and confirming the truth of the news he brought, whereas people such as the Christians of Najran, Suriya's son and the sons of Akhtab, the chief rabbi of Medina who knew he spoke the truth refused to acknowledge it as such. They were envious and stubborn and thereafter died in disbelief.

Despite the fact of their passionate enmity towards the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and urging their followers not to accept him, and their distorted arguments taken out of context from their books, there is no evidence that any of the People of the Book denied the veracity of the reports given in the Quran. In their attempt to gain the upper hand they questioned Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) relentlessly about their prophets and posed difficult questions. They questioned him about the secrets of their knowledge, the contents of their biographies as well as information concealed in their laws. They asked him about the spirit, Dhu'l Karnain, the Men in the Cave, Prophet Jesus, the judgement of the strong and what Israel forbade himself, as well as what beasts had become forbidden to them on account of their contemptible behaviour.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) also drew the attention of Christians and Jews to information that was already with them in the Torah and Gospel descriptive of the believers and had now been revealed in the Holy Quran, "Mohammed is the Messenger of Allah. Those who are with him are harsh against the unbelievers but merciful to one another. You see them bow and prostrate themselves seeking the bounty and pleasure of Allah. Their mark is on their faces from the trace of prostration. That is their likeness in the Torah and their likeness in the Gospel" 48:29 The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was asked many questions all of which he answered with that which had been revealed to him. Those who invented lies about the message the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) brought, claimed that what he brought was different from their scriptures and were thus called upon to prove their claim. Of these people Allah says, "Say, 'Bring the Torah and recite it, if you are truthful.' Those who after this invent lies about Allah are harmdoers." 3:93-94. Consequently, those who behaved insolently and chose to belie what the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) brought were humiliated by their own scripture, they were also shown where they had tampered with the words of their Book . Allah draws attention to their mischief saying, "People of the Book! Our Messenger (Mohammed) has come to clarify to you much of what you have hidden of the Book." 5:15.

 

Section 8: The challenge in the Revelation issued to the Arabs and their inability to respond, coupled with the informing of their inability

 

There is neither dispute nor doubt that the preceding facets of the Quran cannot be imitated. Qadi Iyyad now draws attention to its verses that state certain instances to which the response of mankind is either unable to fulfil, cope or take on the challenge. Take for example the words of Allah to the Jews, "Say, 'if the abode of the Everlasting Life is with Allah for you especially, to the exclusion of all other people, then long for death if you are truthful'. But they will never long for it'" 2:94-95. Abu Isaac Zajjaj commented on this verse saying, "This verse contains the greatest proof and also the clearest indication of the soundness of the Message of Allah. This is because Allah told the Jews to "long for death" and then informs them "But they will never long for it", so none of them sincerely longed for death. The Prophet praise and peace be upon him, spoke of this saying, "By the One in whose hand is my soul, not a single man from amongst them could say it without choking on his saliva". Allah turned the hearts of the Jews against longing for death. He cast tremendous fear into them thereby signifying that His Messenger (peace and blessing be upon him) was indeed truthful, and that which He had sent down to him was without doubt authentic. But none of them sincerely longed for death, even though they were eager to reject him.

Abu Mohammed al-Usayli added, "The incredible thing about this that ever since the day Allah commanded His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to tell them this that there was neither a group nor an individual Jew who stood against him, nor yet did they answer him. When any of them tried to test the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) it (the verse) was used as a criterion." There was also the occasion when the Christian bishops of Najran came to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) but even after hearing the Message they remained adamant in their refusal to accept Islam. Allah prevented them and sent down the challenge, "To those who dispute with you concerning him after the knowledge has come to you, say, 'Come, let us gather our sons and your sons, our womenfolk and your womenfolk, ourselves and yourselves. Then let us humbly pray, so lay the curse of Allah upon the ones who lie." 3:61. Their primate, al-Aqib, warned his fellow bishops saying, "You know he is a prophet, and no matter whether a group is small or large, a prophet never lays a curse on a people and they survive thereafter.' So they continued to pay the "poll-tax" levied on those who refused to believe.

As for the unbelievers amongst the Arabs, Allah challenges them saying, "If you are in doubt of what We have sent down to Our worshiper, produce a chapter comparable to it. Call upon your helpers, other than Allah, to assist you, if you are true. But if you fail, as you are sure to fail, then guard yourselves against the Fire whose fuel is people and stones, prepared or the unbelievers." 2:234. Although this verse is amongst those relating to the Unseen, the first part of the verse is indicative of the fact that they would be incapable to respond to His challenge.

 

Section 9: The fear and awe that arouses hearts upon listening to the Quran

 

As for those who reject it, there is also a great effect of awe. Of such people Allah says, "We lay veils upon their hearts and heaviness in their ears lest they understand it. When you (Prophet Mohammed) mention your Lord alone in the Quran, they turn their backs in aversion." 17:46. Listening to the Quran is too heavy upon them in terms of hearing of the Oneness of the Creator and so their aversion increases, they wish to stop its recitation because of their loathing of it. Of such people the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "For those who hate the Quran it is hard and difficult (for them to bear), for it is their judge." As for those who believe they experience fear and are in rapture of its awe. It is like a magnet, attracting the listener and its reciter. It is a source of joy that causes the heart to incline to it and also a confirmation. Allah says, "the skins of those who fear their Lord tremble; and thereafter their skins and hearts soften to the Remembrance of Allah." 39:23.

A glimpse of the magnitude of Holy Quran is made known when Allah says, "Had We sent down this Quran upon a mountain, you would have seen it humble itself and split asunder for fear of Allah." 59:21. This verse is an indication that the Quran is very unique, it has the power to grip someone who neither understands nor yet knows its meaning. One day a follower of Prophet Jesus, peace be upon him, happened to pass by someone reciting the Quran, and started to weep. He was asked what had caused him to weep and he replied, "It is because it has broken my heart in the beauty of its arrangement." The awe he experienced in the recitation of untampered Holy Scriptures captured the hearts of many even before the advent of Islam. There are many reports of people embracing Islam upon their first hearing the Words of Allah, then, there are others who are unfortunate and turn away. Jubair Mut'im's son said, "During the evening prayer, I heard the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) recite the chapter "The Mount" (52), and when he reached the words, "Or, were they created out of nothing? Or, were they their own creators? Or, did they create the heavens and the earth? No, their belief is not certain! Or, are the treasures of your Lord in their keeping? Or, are they the controllers?" 52:35-37 my heart leapt to Islam. It is also reported that he said, "It was the first time that Islam became important in my heart."

There are two reports about Utba Rabi'a's son, who on one occasion went to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to speak to him about a recent revelation that that spoke against the pagan belief of his tribe. So, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) began to recite the chapter that begins "Ha Meem" (The Distinguished, Chapter 41). Utba could not bear to hear it and put his hand over the Prophet's mouth and begged him to stop. It is also reported that he listened and in so doing he did he put his hands behind his back and leant on them until the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) reached the verse of prostration, whereupon he, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) prostrated. Utba did not know how to deal with the situation and immediately got up, returned to his family and declined to go out to his tribesmen. His fellow tribesmen came to him and he apologized telling them, "By Allah, he recited some words to me, and by Allah, I have never heard anything like them, I just did not know what to say."

Several Arabs attempted to answer the challenge of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) however, all were struck by fear, one such person was al-Muqaffa's son, renowned for his eloquent tongue. He had started his attempt at composition when he heard a young Muslim boy reciting from the Quran, "Earth, swallow up your waters." 11:44. The recitation had such a tremendous effect upon him that he returned and destroyed all that he had written saying, "I bear witness that this is not to be opposed, they are not the words of a human!" In Andalusia, Spain a man by the name of John, Hakkam al-Ghazzal's son, who was a writer of note, sought to attempt to produce something akin to the Quran. Whilst doing so he looked for a sample to emulate and read the chapter "The Oneness" (112). He started work on his composition when he was struck by fear and declared, "Fear has stopped me and weakness has caused me to regret and repent", and became a believer!

 

Section 10: The protection of the Quran until the end of time

 

Unlike any other scripture, Allah has promised to preserve His Holy Book until the end of time, and this is yet another of its inimitable qualities. Allah assures us, "It is We who sent down the Quran, and We watch over it." And of its purity He tells us, "falsehood does not come to it from before it or from behind it. It is the sending down from the One, the Wise, the Praised." 41:42. With the exception of the miraculous Quran, all the other miracles ceased to exist after the time of their prophet and only narrations of their wonders remain. The Glorious Quran contains clear verses and miracles all of which are present in this day and age and will remain so despite the passing of centuries. This miracle is a decisive proof that no truthful person would ever doubt. Those who deviated have been proven ineffective and their opposition flawed, none have been able to produce a valid argument, nor yet compose even a couple of words that would detract an atom's weight from the Quran.

 

Section 11: A kaleidoscope of the Quran's inimitability

 

Scholars and laymen have also drawn attention to various other facets of the inimitability of the Arabic Quran. One such facet is that it has been observed that neither reciter nor listener ever tire of its recital. It has been found that the repeated recitation of the Quran serves only to increase its sweetness which in turn causes a greater love, whereas, other words, even though they may be of the most eloquent lose their attraction and in the long term turn to be tedious. The Arabic Holy Quran is a delight to recite in times of solitude and an excellent companion during times of crisis-no other book possesses these qualities, and over time reciters have developed a variety of rhythms and methods for its recital that add to its vibrancy.

Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) described the Quran saying, "Even when it is recited frequently, it never becomes tedious. Its lessons are never ending and its wonders never fade." Scholars can never satiated by it, nor yet passions misguided, and tongues do not mistake it. It is that which the jinn would not abandon once they heard it. They said, 'We have indeed heard a wonderful Quran that guides to the Right Path.' 72:1". Another facet that cannot be imitated is that it draws together knowledge and faith both of which the Arabs, including Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) before his Prophethood, were for the most part, unknown or else their knowledge was very scant consequently little attention was paid to them. As for other nations, they had neither books nor scholarly persons and so they were unable to teach.

Furthermore, the Quran gathers together and clarifies the science of Law, and informs of ways in which intellectual proofs are deduced. Through the use of simple, concise expressions strong arguments posed by deviant sects are disproved. From time to time unsuccessful attempts have been made to establish comparable proofs to those established in the Quran, however, none were able to accomplish their aim. Take for example the saying of Allah, "Is He who created the heavens and the earth unable to create their like? Yes, indeed." 36:81. Also, "He will quicken them who originated them the first time." 36:79. And, "Had there been gods in heaven or earth, other than Allah, both would indeed have been ruined." 21:22. One discovers in the Quran the science of prophetic events (seerah), as well as the history of former nations. It warns, displays wisdom, defines ethics and virtues as well as giving information about the life to come in the Hereafter. Allah informs us, "We have neglected nothing in the Book." 6:38. Also, "And We sent down to you the Remembrance so that you can make clear to people what has been sent down to them." 16:44. And, "In this Quran, We have set forth for mankind all manner of examples." 30:58.

Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) tells us, "The Quran was sent down by Allah as an order, a prevention, a way to be followed and a parable. In it is your history, news about that which came before you and that which will come after you and right judgment between you. Neither its repetition is untiring nor its wonders unending. Indeed, it is the truth and not a jest. Whosoever recites it speaks the truth and whosoever judges by it is just. Whosoever argues with it is the winner, and whosoever divides by it is fair. Whosoever acts by it will be rewarded and whosoever clings to it is guided to the Straight Path, but whosoever seeks guidance from other than it Allah will misguide. Allah will destroy whosoever judges with other than it. It is the Wise Remembrance, the Clear Light, the Straight Path, the Firm rope of Allah, and a beneficiAl-Healing. For whosoever clings to it there is protection and rescue for whosoever follows its. It contains no crookedness and puts matters straight. It has no deviation and therefore is not blameworthy. A similar saying was transmitted by Masood's son with the addition, "It neither differs nor yet loses it freshness, and contains news of the first to the last." In a Divine Hadith, Allah tells Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) "I am sending down a Holy Reading on you. It will open eyes that are blind, ears that are deaf and hearts that are sealed. It contains springs of knowledge and the fountain of wisdom, and it is the pasture of hearts." Of the Quran, Ka'b al-Ahbar said, "There is no substitute for the Quran, it is the understanding of intellects and the light of wisdom."

Notwithstanding the conciseness of its phrases and the concentration of its words, is another facet of the Quran's inimitability, it gathers far more than that contained in the lengthier scriptures. This is on account of the fact that its composition, descriptive beauty and eloquence are used as further proof of its inimitability. In its eloquence lie not only the commands of Allah but His prohibitions as well as His promise and threat. Whosoever is blessed to recite it grasps, at the same time, both the proof and obligation in either a single word or a single chapter.

Although the Quran is within the realm of verse composition, it is of the kind unknown anywhere else. It cannot be said that it is in the form of prose because its verses are easier upon the soul and ears, and its understanding sweeter. A listener inclines to it more easily and passions are quickly aroused upon its hearing. Allah made its memorization easy and says, ”We have made the Quran easy to remember." 54:17. Other nations to whom a Book was sent were unable to memorize their Book, whereas Muslim children are blessed by the easement of memorization of the Holy Quran in just a short time. Another facet of its inimitability is that some parts were sent down in resemblance to others. One finds in their different parts an excellence of harmony, as well as harmony in its divisions. Then, there is the beauty of the leading from one story to the next, or one subject to another with different meanings. The same chapter may include both commands, and prohibitions, information and inquiry, promises or threats, affirmation of the Prophethood, the confirmation of the Oneness of Allah, the arousal of longing and fear as well as other matters.

It has been said that Arabic like this can be found elsewhere, however, it is not powerful and the purity of its style is not soft, and its beauty is inferior, and phrasing inconsistent. Take for example the beginning of Chapter 38 "Saad". This chapter contains information about those who disbelieve, their division, and the destruction of their previous generations. It also tells of their refusal to accept Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) even though they were amazed by what he brought. It tells how their council agreed not to believe and reveals their envy, incapacity and weakness. It informs them of the disgrace that will befall them not only in this life but in the life of the Hereafter. It also speaks of the rejection of previous nations to whom a prophet was sent and their subsequent destruction by Allah, and the warning that the same would happen to them if they persisted in disbelief. It also speaks of the inquiry of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) his patience and his solace for all that had happened. The chapter continues and speaks of Prophet David and narrates stories of other prophets, peace be upon all of them. All this was sent down in the best form of composition and with the concise use of words, some of which contain sentences that effectively contain only a few words.

What has been brought to your attention is just a sampling of the inimitability of the Holy Quran, there are many more facets some of which have been mentioned in previous sections. You will have snatched a glimpse of the unending special properties and wonders of the Quran by now, and the reality of its inimitability is found in the first four facets, therefore rely on them. Allah is the granter of success!

 

Section 12: The miraculous splitting of the moon and the delaying of the setting of the sun

 

(In 2006 the BBC-British Broadcasting Company-transmitted news of scientific evidence revealed in reports received from NASA that astronauts saw signs of a crack going across the moon. This important discovery was recorded and reported by David Pidcock, President of the Muslim British Party.) The Quran narrates the miraculous event of the splitting of the moon saying, "The Hour is drawing near, and the moon is split (in two). Yet if they see a sign (the unbelievers) turn their backs and say, 'This is but a continuation of sorcery!'" 54:1-2. The first verse was revealed at the time of the miracle. Masood's son and others shed further light upon this miraculous event saying, "During the time of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) the moon was split into two. One part was seen above the mountain (Mount Hira) whilst the other was seen below and the Messenger of Allah called upon the people to witness." Masood al-Aswad confirmed, "I saw the mountain between the two halves of the moon."

This miraculous event occurred in Mecca when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was walking with some of his Companions one night, and were met by a party of unbelievers who issued the challenge. However, despite seeing it with their own eyes, the unbelievers declared, "The son of Abu Kabsha has bewitched you!" (Abu Kabsha was the husband of the Prophet's foster mother Halima). Another declared, "If Mohammed has bewitched the moon, then his magic will not have reached all places of the earth. Ask those who come from other cities whether or not they saw it." When they were asked about the occurrence they too confirmed that they had witnessed its splitting. Abu Jahl, the arch-enemy of the Prophet exclaimed, "This is magic, send word to the people living in remote areas and ask whether they saw it or not." They too confirmed that they had seen the miraculous event, but the unbelievers remained in their arrogance saying, "This is but a continuation of magic."

This miraculous sign was clearly evident despite its objectors. It would not have been hidden from anyone although its news has not been reported by other nations of the earth. However, one must be aware that the moon rises and sets at different times according to the hemispheres of the earth, also clouds and mountains are another factor that could block its sighting. One is no doubt aware that eclipses can occur in one country but only a partial eclipse is viewed elsewhere, and as Allah tells us, "that is the decree of the Almighty, the Knower." 36:38. Asma, Umaysh's daughter relates an incident that occurred during the

encounter at Khybar. It was afternoon and the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was resting in Ali's tent when he received a Revelation and had not prayed the Asr prayer. He asked Ali if he had prayed whereupon Ali told him that he had not done so. Upon hearing this he supplicated saying, "O Allah, if it is in Your obedience and the obedience of Your Messenger return the sun from its setting to him!", so that he might pray the afternoon prayer on time. Asma said that she had seen the sun set and then saw it rise again, and that it stopped between the mountain and the earth. Ahmed Salih's son stressed the importance of this transmission saying, "Whosoever seeks the path of knowledge must not neglect the learning of this narration from Asma, because it is among the signs of Prophethood."

The sun was prevented from setting upon another occasion. Isaac's son tells us, that upon the return from the Night Journey, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) informed his people that a caravan in which there was a sign was approaching Mecca. When he was asked what day it would arrive, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his inquirer, "Wednesday". The days passed and when Wednesday came the Quraysh curiously looked for the caravan. The day was about to pass and the caravan had not arrived, so the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated to Allah asking Him to increase the day by an hour, and the sun was withheld from setting and the caravan arrived.

 

Section 13: The miracle of the water that flowed from the fingers of the Prophet

 

There are many reports by the Companions that relate to numerous occasions when water was witnessed flowing from the fingers of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). Anas tells us that it was time for the Asr prayer when he caught sight of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him). His followers searched for water to make the obligatory ablution but were unable to find any. However, there was a little water available and so it was brought to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) who put his hand in the vessel and water began to flow from his fingertips. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his followers to make their ablution with that water and each and every follower was able to make their ablution from that blessed water. Qatada sheds further light upon this miracle and tells us that there were approximately three hundred people who made their ablution with that water. However, other reports indicate there were eighty, and another seventy.

The following miracle occurred on the Day of Hudaibiyyah when the pilgrims were very thirsty. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) had a container from which he would make ablution and in it there was still some water. The pilgrims went to him and told him that they had no water and the only available water was that in his container. Upon hearing this, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) put his hand in the container whereupon water began to flow from between his fingers just like springs. Jabir who reported this miraculous event was asked how many people they were, whereupon he replied, "There would have been sufficient if we had been a hundred thousand, and we were just fifteen thousand!"

At the encounter of Bowat a similar miracle occurred. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) asked Jabir to bring him some water to make ablution. However, only a dry water skin with a few drops of water could be found, and this was brought to him. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) pressed it and supplicated, then asked for a caravan bowl to be brought to him. Then, with his fingers spread out in a bowl Jabir poured the drops over them. And as the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "In the Name of Allah" water began to flow from his fingers. Then, it began to gush into the bowl until it was full and he ordered his followers to use the water. Everyone made their ablution and he inquired if anyone was still in need of water. Now that their needs had been met the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) withdrew his hand from the bowl and it was still full.

One day whilst on a journey, Ash-Sha'bi tells us, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was brought a small vessel of water and informed that this was the only remaining water. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) poured the water into a bowl and then dipped his fingers in the middle and water gushed from his fingers. Each of his Companions who came to him were able to make their ablution. Tirmidhi draws our attention to the fact that all these miraculous events took place before many people, and no one can suspect or doubt their occurrence. If it had not been so, rest assured that the Companions would have been the first to speak out about it as they were never silent about an untruth. None raised the slightest objection to the reports of these miraculous events. They both witnessed and experienced them, so it can be said that each and everyone confirmed the occurrence of these miracles.

 

Section 14: The miracle of the water that flowed on account of the blessing of the Prophet

 

There are several reports of water flowing from the Prophet's hands by his blessing, or its increment simply by his touch and supplication. Mu'adh, Jabal's son narrates the happenings at Tabuk. He tells us that they came upon an almost dried-up spring of water that was scarcely dripping. They scooped up the drops from the spring with their hands and put it into a container. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) then washed his face letting the drops of water that fell from him fall back into the container and water began to pour forth and quenched the thirst of all his Companions. Isaac's son added, that the water welled up from the residue of water as fast as lightning. Thereafter, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told Mu'adh that if he were to live for a long time he would see what was there watering gardens.

At Hudaybiyah, we are told by al-Bara', there were approximately 14,000 men, and the water well they found was insufficient to provide for even fifty sheep. The Companions crowded around the well until not one single drop remained. Then, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) came and sat beside it and a pail was brought to him in which he blew some of his saliva and supplicated. Salama reported that he either supplicated or blew some of his salvia in it whereupon water gushed forth and there was sufficient water for themselves and enough to fill their containers. Shehab's son tells us he drew an arrow from its quiver, and placed it in the bottom of the dried up water well, and an excess of water flowed so that it became a water-hole sufficient for the needs of animals.

One day, as Imran, Hussayn's son tells us, the Companions faced great thirst. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told two of his Companions that they would find a woman in a certain place with a camel carrying two water-skins. The woman was located where he said she would be found and they brought her to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) who filled a container with the water from the skins and then supplicated, after which he poured the water back into the skins. The skins were opened and he told his Companions to fill their water containers with its water and this they did. Afterwards, Imran commented, "It appeared to me that after that, the skins contained even more water." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was thankful and told his Companions to give the woman some provisions and she filled her robe with them. Then he told her, "You may go, we did not take any of your water, Allah has given us water."

Umar, tells of another occasion as the Companions were on the march they were afflicted by such thirst that one of them was prepared to kill his camel to squeeze its stomach and drink its contents. Abu Bakr went to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and asked him to supplicate for relief from their thirst, whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) raised his hands, and before he lowered them a rain cloud appeared and poured out its rain, and all the Companions were able to fill their containers. The rain cloud did not pour its rain anywhere else, it only fell on the Companions. As Amr, Shu'aby's son rode behind the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) at Dhu'l Majaz he heard Abu Talib say to him, "I don't have any water with me and I am thirsty." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) dismounted and struck the ground with his feet whereupon water gushed forth, and he invited him to drink." (There is a similarity between this miracle and the one of Zamzam when the Angel Gabriel struck the ground for Lady Haggar and her son Ishmael, who was the Prophet's great grandfather, so that they may drink many centuries before).

 

Section 15: The miracle of the increase in the amount of food on account of his blessings and supplication

 

Narrations abound that speak of the increase of food on account of the blessings and supplications of our beloved Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) the following are but a selection. Jabir, Abdullah's son tells us of the time a man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asking for some food. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) gave him half a measurement (wazk) of barley and the man, his wife and guests ate from it continuously until the man decided to weigh it. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told him that if he had not weighed it, he would have continued to eat from it and it would have remained with him. On another occasion Anass came to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) with a few loaves of barley bread under his arm. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked for the bread to be broken up then supplicated with what Allah willed him to say over them, and the bread became sufficient to feed seventy or eighty of his Companions.

The Companions, numbering approximately one thousand, were digging of the fortification trench around Medina were very hungry. Jabir tells us how the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) miraculously fed them all from a small measurement of barley, and a lamb. As the dough was being prepared for bread, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) blew some of his salvia onto the dough and pot, and it was blessed. Jabir said, "I swear by Allah, all ate and after they left the pot was as full as it had been at the beginning." A similar miracle occurred and Thabit tells us how an Ansari man and his wife brought a handful of food to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) who spread it in a container then supplicated with what Allah willed him to say. Every member of the household and building ate until they were replete, as did their guests. After all had taken their fill, the same amount of food remained in the container.

Abu Ayyub tells us of the time when he had prepared enough food for the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) and Abu Bakr. When the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) arrived he told him to go and invite thirty Ansari nobles. This he did, and they came, ate and left. Then the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told him to invite sixty more, and the same thing happened. Thereafter Abu Ayyub was told to invite seventy more, and once again they all ate until they were replete and still some food remained. All who ate embraced Islam and gave their allegiance to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). Abu Ayyub tells us that all told a hundred and eighty men ate from the food. Another report has reached us via Samura, Jundub's son that tells of a bowl containing some meat that was brought to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and how people kept coming in succession from morning to night and all ate from it. As soon as one group of people got up after taking their fill, another group sat down and ate, and so it continued.

Abdur Rahman, Abu Bakr's son tells of the time when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and a hundred and thirty men were together and there was only a small measure of flour that was made into dough, and that there was a sheep that was prepared then its offal roasted. All took a piece of its offal, then, two plates were made from it and they all ate together, when they had satisfied their need two plates remained and Abdur Rahman took them back with him. Abu Hurayra together with several other Companions spoke of the time when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and his followers went on an expedition and grew very hungry. Only a little of their provisions remained and the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked for them to be brought to him, whereupon each brought a handful or a little bit more of food. The most anyone brought was two scoops of the hand of dates. All the provisions were placed on a mat, and as Salama estimated, the quantity was comparable to that of the weight of a goat. Then the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his followers to bring their containers and each container was filled to capacity, and even after all had taken, the same amount of food remained as at the beginning, and Abu Hurayra said that if all the peoples of the world had come to him, it would have sufficed them.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told Abu Hurayra to invite all the people of the Suffa (the poor people who lived in an extension of the Mosque in Medina) on his behalf. When all were gathered a plate was set before them and they each ate whatever they wished and then left. After all had eaten the plate of food remained as it had been when presented to him, the only difference being that there were finger marks on it. When the tribe of Abdul Muttalib met together, there being forty in number, Ali, Abu Talib's son tells us the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) placed a small measure of food before them from which they all ate until they were replete. The food that remained was equal to that at the beginning of the meal. Then, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked for a cup and they all drank from it until their thirst was quenched, and the same amount remained in the cup just as if none had drunk from it.

A house was built for Lady Zainab and Anas tells us that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked him to invite certain people to the house. The house was full and a container with some prepared dates was brought to him into which he dipped three fingers. The invitees began to eat and then leave and there remained in the container the same amount as at the beginning. Seventy-one or seventy-two people accepted the invitation. Ali tells of the occasion when his wife, Lady Fatima (may Allah be pleased with them) prepared a pot of food for their supper then asked him to go and request the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to join them. When the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) arrived, he asked her to make a plate for each of his wives, and then one for himself and Ali, and one for herself. When Lady Fatima lifted the pot, it overflowed and she said, "We ate what Allah willed from it."

Four hundred riders from a branch of the tribe of Hanifa, called Ahmas, arrived and Omar, al-Khattab's son tells us that he informed the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) that only a few scoops of food remained. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told him to go, so he went to provide for them from it. There had been just a small amount of dates sufficient for a small kneeling camel, but after all had taken their fill the same amount remained. Dukayn Al-Amasi reported a similar version, however, he mentioned that the riders were from Muzayna. Abdullah, Jabir's father passed away in debt. Jabir offered his capital to his father's creditors who were Jews but they refused the offer and there were insufficient dates in the harvest to repay two years of debts. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told Jabir to divide the creditors into groups, beginning with the basic debts and to come to him once he had done so. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) went amongst the creditors and called, and Jabir paid his father's debts in full. After all had been paid what remained was the usual crop of dates harvested each year. It has also been reported that the same amount that had been used to repay remained. The creditors were astounded!

Abu Hurayra tells of the time when the army of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) were suffering from hunger, so he went to him, and asked if there was anything to eat. Abu Hurayra told him that there were some dates whereupon, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked for them to be brought to him. When they were brought he put his hand in the bag and brought out a handful of dates and supplicated for blessings and told him to call ten people to come and eat, and all ate until they were replete. Then a further ten came and so it continued until the entire army had taken their fill. Now that they had been satisfied, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told him to take what he brought and put his hand in the bag, but not to turn it upside down. Abu Hurayra ate continuously from the bag throughout the lifetimes of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) Abu Bakr and Umar Right up until the time Uthman was martyred when the blessing ceased.

Abu Hurayra also tells us of the time when he was in the company of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and felt very hungry whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked him to accompany him. A cup of milk had been given to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) so he asked the people of the Suffa to come. Abu Hurayra, who was weak with hunger asked, "Is the milk for them? I am in greater need of it to regain my strength." Abu Hurayra did as he was asked and called the people to come and drink. Each of the people of the Suffa drank from the milk until they were satisfied, then the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) took the cup and said, "You and I remain, sit and drink". Abu Hurayra started to drink and the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) kept telling him to drink more until he exclaimed, 'No, by the One who sent you with the truth, there is no room for anymore, whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) took the cup, praised Allah and said, "In the Name of Allah", and drank.

Khalid, Abdul Uzza's son had a large family, and one sheep was never sufficient to feed all of them. One day the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) slaughtered a sheep, ate from it and put the rest into Khalid's pot and supplicated for it to be blessed for him so that it might be distributed amongst his family. All of Khalid's family ate from it and when they had finished there was some left over. Al Ajurri recalled the marriage between Lady Fatima, daughter of the Prophet and Ali (may Allah be pleased with them) and tells us that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) ordered Bilal to bring a pot of four or five measures and sacrifice a sheep for the wedding feast. Bilal brought the sheep and slaughtered it, and the guests came in several groups and all ate, yet there still remained some left over. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) blessed what remained and asked for it to be taken to his wives with the invitation to eat from it and have their supper.

In celebration of the marriage of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) Anass's mother, Umm Sulaym prepared food which Anass put in a pot and took to him. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) asked him to put it down and go and invite certain people and whosoever he met. Anass did as he was bidden, no one was left out, as for those he met there were approximately three hundred invitees, who filled the Suffa and the room to capacity. As they arrived, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told them to sit in circles of ten, then he placed his hand on the food and supplicated with whatever Allah willed him to say. All ate until they could eat no more, and after they had finished the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked Anass to take it away,  and he comment, "I did not know whether there was more when I first put it down or when I picked it up." As we mentioned before, all of these reports are authentic and confirmed by the Companions of the Prophet (may Allah be pleased with them) who never remained silent about an untruth. There are many more miraculous events recorded in authentic references.

 

Section 16: The miracle of the tree that spoke. It's answering to the Prophet's call and its witnessing to his Prophethood

 

Omar's son tells of the time, he and others accompanied the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) upon a journey, when a Bedouin came to him so he asked where he was going. The Bedouin replied that he was going to his family, whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked, "Do you want something good?" The Bedouin asked, "What is it?" to which the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) replied, "It is that you bear witness that there is no god except Allah, alone without a partner and that Mohammed is His worshiper and Messenger." The Bedouin inquired, "Who will bear witness to what you say?" He replied, "That Mimosa tree" whereupon the tree advanced from the edge of a dried up water bed ploughing up the ground until it stood before him. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked it to bear witness three times, and this it did and thereafter returned to its place.

There is a lengthy transmission of Jabir, Abdullah's son in which he says that they were near the edge of a dried up water bed that had two trees and the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) felt the need to relieve himself however there was nothing to screen him. So the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) went to one of the trees and took hold of a branch and said, "Let me lead you by the permission of Allah" and gently proceeded to lead it like a haltered camel. He did the same with the other tree until the trees stood side by side, then he said to them "By the permission of Allah, join together for me" and this they did. In another version, Jabir said to the tree, "The Messenger of Allah requests you to join your companion so he can sit behind you." Whereupon it forged ahead and joined its companion, and he sat between them. Jabir said, "I returned in haste and sat down, talking to myself, and when I turned around I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) coming. The trees parted from each other and stood alone as they had done originally and the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) stopped for a moment and indicated right and left as he moved his head."

Usama, Zaid's son reports a similar occasion when they were on an expedition. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) felt the need to relieve himself and asked if there was anywhere. Osama told him that the dried up water bed had no place of concealment, so the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked if any palm trees or stones had been seen. Osama told him that he had seen some scattered palm-trees and some stones, so the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Go and tell them that the Messenger of Allah commands them to come to his assistance. He also told him to say the same to the stones and this he did. Osama swore to the miracle saying, "By the One who has sent him with the truth, I saw the palm-trees draw near to each other until they joined and the stones came together until they formed a mound behind the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him)." After he had relieved himself he told Osama to tell them to part, and Osama swore again saying, "By He who sent him with the truth, I saw the palm-trees and stones part and return to their places." A similar miracle took place at Hunain.

Ya'la, Murra's son reports a miracle he witnessed and tells us that he saw either a palm or mimosa tree come and circle around them, then return to its place. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) told those who were with him, "It asked permission to greet me." Abdullah, Masood's son tells us, as do numerous other transmitters, of a night when a tree told the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) that jinn were present and listening to him. Mujahid added that the jinn asked, "Who will be witness for you?" The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) replied, "This tree, come forward tree!" and the tree came dragging its roots making a clumping sound. During the encounter at Ta'if, Furak's son tells us that as they traveled through the night, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) became a little sleepy. There was a Lote-tree growing in his path that split into two and thereby enable him to pass through it. At the time Qadi Iyyad compiled this reference, the tree with its split trunk existed and was well known. Allah willing (insha Allah), it still remains.

One day, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was somewhat concerned and Anas tells of the time when the Archangel Gabriel came to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and asked, "Shall I show you a sign?" He replied, "Yes". The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) glanced towards a tree beyond the dried up river bed and said, "Call that tree" and it came walking until it stood in front of him, then the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Command it to return" and it returned to its place. Imam Ali mentions a similar account but does not mention Gabriel, and tells us the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated saying, "O Allah, show me a sign so that I will never again be concerned about those who envy me." Like the previous hadith, a tree was called upon and the narration reads the same. The concern of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was because of the unbeliever's rejection of the truth he brought. The sign was for them, not for himself.

Rukana al-Muttalibi, was the strongest amongst the Quraysh; he was an undefeated wrestler. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) wrestled with him twice and overcame him on both occasions. Rukana was astonished by his defeat so the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) offered to show him something more amazing. Isaac's son tells us that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) showed Rukana a similar sign and a tree was called, then came and stood before him, thereafter it was told to return and it returned. The grandson of the Prophet, al-Hassan, Ali's son, peace be upon them, tells us of the time when the Quraysh were causing the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) great concern, so he complained to His Lord and asked for a sign with which he would know he had nothing to fear. He was told to go to a certain dried up river bed in which there grew a particular tree and to call one of its branches, and that the branch would come to him. This he did and the tree ploughed its way through the earth until it stood before him. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) let it remain for as long as Allah willed it to remain, then told it to return in the same way it had come. The tree obeyed and returned to is former place whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "O Lord, I know now I have nothing to fear." Omar narrated a similar miracle to the preceding that reads, "Show me a sign in order that I will never be concerned about anyone belying me", thereafter the miracle follows the same sequence. Abbas' son tells of the conversation between the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and a Bedouin. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked a Bedouin, "Tell me whether I should call the trunk of this palm-tree to bear witness that I am the Messenger of Allah." The Bedouin replied in the affirmative, so he called it and it began to plough a path until it reached them and bore witness. Then he told it to return, thereupon the Bedouin embraced Islam.

 

Section 17: The miracle of the Palm trunk that wailed at its separation from the Prophet

 

This touching event in which the palm trunk wailed on account of its separation from the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) has been widely reported and is very well known, and has been transmitted by at least ten of the Companions. Jabir, Abdullah's son tells us that the Prophet's Mosque was built from the trunks of palm-trees with a roof laid over them. During sermons, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon, would lean against one of its trunks, but when a pulpit was built for him they heard the trunk let out a sound similar to that of a camel. Anas tells us that the mosque shook with its wailing, and Sahl informs us that the congregation wept profusely when they saw what was happening. Al-Muttalib said, "It nearly split and burst apart, then the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) went to it and placed his hand upon it and it became quieted." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his followers, "This trunk wails because it remembers what it lost." Another added, "By the One in whose hand is my soul, if he had not consoled it, it would have remained wailing like that up until the Day of Resurrection on account of its grieving for the Messenger of Allah" praise and peace be upon him. Anass informs us that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) gave instructions for the trunk to be buried under the pulpit. Sahl said that it was either buried under the pulpit or else placed on the roof. Ubay mentions that as the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) prayed, the trunk would lean towards him, and during the reconstruction of the Mosque he took it and it remained in his possession until termites finally consumed it and it turned to dust. Al Isfira'ini adds, "The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) called it to come to him and it came ploughing its way through the ground and clung to him. Then he told it to return to its place."

Burayda tells of the conversation between the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and the palm-trunk. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) spoke to it saying, "If you like, I will put you back in the garden you came from so that your roots can grow and your shape be restored, and you will bear fruit and leaves once more. Or, if you prefer, I will plant you in the Garden so that the friends of Allah may eat of your fruit." The palm trunk replied, "Yes, plant me in the Garden so that the friends of Allah may eat from me, and I will be in a place where I will not decay." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "This I have done." Then he said, "It has chosen the Lasting Above over that of the passing." Those who were near heard what was said. Whenever Al-Hassan, the grandson of the Prophet (may Allah be satisfied with him), narrated this story, he would weep and say, "Worshipers of Allah, the wood yearned for the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) and longed for him because of his position, it is you who should yearn to meet him!" Many of the closest Companions transmitted this story, and many followers narrated it from them.

 

Section 18: Miracles relating to inanimate things

 

There were many occasions in which the inanimate were heard exalting Allah in the hands of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). Masood's son mentions, "While food was being eaten we would hear it exalting its Lord." Anas tells us of a handful of pebbles that exalted Allah, saying, "The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) took a handful of pebbles and they exalted Allah in the palm of his hand and we heard their exaltation. Then he poured them into the hand of Abu Bakr and their exaltation of Allah continued. Thereafter they were poured into our hands and still they continued to exalt Allah." Imam Ali tells us of the time when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was visiting a certain district in Mecca and as he passed each and every tree and mountain it greeted him saying 'Peace be upon you, O Messenger of Allah." Jabir, Samura's son reports the saying of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) in Medina, "I know a stone in Mecca that used to greet me." It was said that the stone was the Black Stone.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told Lady Aisha that when Gabriel came to him with a message, every stone or tree he passed would greet him saying, "Peace be upon you, O Messenger of Allah." We are told by Jabir, Abdullah's son that when the Prophet, praise and peace be upon happened to pass by a tree or rock it would bow to him. Abbas' son tells of the time when the walls of the house spoke, saying that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had wrapped himself and his grandsons in a cloak and made a supplication that asked that they would be shielded from the Fire just as he had shielded them with his cloak, whereupon the walls of the house said, "Ameen, Ameen." When the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) became ill, Jaafar, Mohammed's son tell us that Gabriel brought him a plate on which there were pomegranates and grapes. As the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) ate from it, and it exalted Allah.

One day, as the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) accompanied by Abu Bakr, Omar and Othman were climbing the mountain of Uhud it started to shake. Anas tells us that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said to it, "Uhud be stable, a prophet, a man whose status is that of sincerity and two martyrs are on you." Abu Huraryrah tells of a similar incident that occurred on Mount Hira, but this time those who were with the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) were Ali, Talha and As-Zubair, and the Prophet spoke to it saying, "There is only a prophet, or a man whose status is that of sincerity, or a martyr on you." Othman says that there were ten Companions with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and that he was one of them, and added Abdur Rahman and Saad to the names however he said that there were two others but he had forgotten who they were. Said, Zaid's son reported something similar, he too mentioned that there were ten and included himself.

The Quraysh were in pursuit of Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) when he reached Mount Thabir. The mountain spoke to him saying, "Go down, O Messenger of Allah, I am fearful that they will kill you on my back and then Allah will punish me." Whereupon another mountain, the mountain of Hira called out "To me, O Messenger of Allah." Omar's son tells us of the time when the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him stood on the pulpit and recited "They have not valued Allah with His true value." 6:91. Then he said, "The Compeller exalts Himself, saying, 'I am the Compeller, I am the Compeller, I am the Great, the Self-Exalted." Upon hearing this, the pulpit shook so much that they exclaimed, "He will fall from it!"

Ibn Abbas tells us that there were three hundred and sixty idols placed around the Kaaba, and the feet of the idols were reinforced with lead mounted in stone. When the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) entered the Mosque in the Year of Victory, he pointed the staff he held towards them, but did not touch them. Then he recited the verse "Truth has come and falsehood has vanished." 17:81 and whenever he pointed at the face of an idol, it fell on its back and when he pointed to its back, it fell on its face and so it continued until not one single idol remained standing." Ibn Masood said something similar adding, "When he began to destroy them he recited the verse, "Truth has come. Falsehood has vanished and shall return no more." 34:49.

Tirmidhi tells us that even before his Prophethood when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was a young boy travelling with his uncle and others of the Quraysh to trade in far off lands, a hermit monk who never left his home for anyone, came out to see him. Upon seeing the young boy he took hold of his hand and declared, "This is the master of the worlds. Allah will send him as a mercy to the worlds." The Qurayshi merchants asked how he knew this and he replied he had not seen even one stone or a single tree that did not bow to him. Then the monk informed them that they only bow to a prophet. The monk also told them that he had seen a cloud shading him and that when he arrived he found that some people had already seated themselves in the shade of the tree, but when he sat down the shade moved to him.

 

Section 19:Miracles connected with animals

 

Lady Aisha (may Allah be satisfied with her) tells us of a pet they used to have, she said, "When the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) was with us it stayed in its place without moving. It was only when he went out that it would move about." Omar tells us of the time when a Bedouin who had caught a lizard came up to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and his Companions, and asked them who the Prophet was. The Companions replied that he was the Prophet of Allah. Upon hearing this the Bedouin swore by the two pagan gods al-Lat and Al Uzza saying, "I do not believe you, neither does this lizard!" and threw it in front of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) called the lizard and it answered in clear human speech so that everyone could hear, "Obedient to you, O adornment of the One who will bring the Resurrection!" The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked the lizard, "Who do you worship? And it replied, "The One whose throne is in the heaven and whose power is in the earth, whose path is in the sea, whose mercy is in the Garden, and whose punishment is in the Fire." Then the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked, "Who am I?" and it replied, "The Messenger of the Lord of the Worlds and the Seal of the Prophets. Whosoever bears witness that this is so is successful and whosoever belies you is lost!" Upon witnessing this miraculous event the Bedouin embraced Islam.

Abu Said al-Khudri tells us a story about a wolf that spoke, and the following is an extract. A shepherd was herding his sheep when a wolf snatched one of them, however, the shepherd succeeded to get it back. Rather than running away, the wolf sat down on its haunches and said, "Don't you fear Allah? You have come between me and my provision!" The shepherd exclaimed, "How extraordinary, a wolf that speaks just like a human!" The wolf replied, "Shall I tell you something that is even more extraordinary? The Messenger of Allah who is now between those two passes tells his people news of past happenings!" The shepherd went to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and told him what had happened, whereupon he told the shepherd, "Arise and tell the people" The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "The wolf spoke the truth."

We learn more about this miraculous event in the version from Abu Hurayra who tells us, that the wolf said, "You are even more extraordinary! Here you are standing with your sheep and abandoning the Prophet, and Allah places greater value on him than any previous prophet. The Gates of the Garden have been opened for him and its inhabitants look at his Companions to see what they are doing. Only this ravine stands between you and him, so go and join the army of Allah." The shepherd (whose name was Ahban, Aws's son) said, "Who will care for my sheep?" The wolf replied, "I will guard them for you until you return." So the shepherd left the wolf in charge of his flock. When he reached the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) he told the shepherd, "Return to your sheep, you will find them all there." The shepherd returned and not one was missing so he slaughtered one for the wolf. Ahban, Aws's son embraced Islam.

Another story has reached us from Wahb's son. Abu Sufyan Harb's son and Safwan, Umayyah's son came across a wolf chasing a gazelle. The gazelle entered the Holy Precincts but the wolf did not pursue it. The two expressed their amazement and the wolf spoke saying, "It is even more extraordinary that Mohammed, Abdullah's son calls you to the Garden, while you call him to the Fire." Abu Sufyan swore by al-lat and al-uzza (two pagan gods), and said, "If you had mentioned this in Mecca, it would have been deserted." A similar incident occurred to Abu Jahl and his companions. Before he embraced Islam Abbas, Mirdas's son worshiped an idol named Damari. One day he heard some poetry coming from around it in which Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) was mentioned. Then a bird swooped down and said, "Abbas, do you marvel at what was said around Damari but do not wonder at yourself when the Messenger of Allah calls you to Islam, and you sit here!"

Jabir bin Abdullah tells us of an event that happened during the siege of Khybar. During the siege of one of the fortresses of Khybar, a man came to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and embraced Islam. The man had been herding some sheep for the people of Khybar, and asked the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) what he should do about the sheep. He was told to throw some pebbles at their faces and that Allah would take care of his trust for him and return them to their owners. The man did as he was told and all the sheep returned to their owners (this is a fine example of how the Prophet upheld the rights of the unbelievers). Anas tells of the occasion when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) accompanied by Abu Bakr, Omar and an Ansar, went into a garden belonging to another Ansar. There were some sheep in the garden and when they saw the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) the sheep bowed to him. Whereupon Abu Bakr said, "It is a greater obligation upon us to bow to you."

We learn from Tha'laba, Malik's son and others the story of a rogue camel. No one entered a certain garden without being attacked by a rogue camel, but when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) entered the garden, he called to it and it came, put its muzzle on the ground and knelt before him. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) placed a halter around its neck and said, "There is nothing between the heavens and the earth that does not know I am the Messenger of Allah, except the disobedient amongst the jinn and mankind." Other hadiths report occasions when camels spoke to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). One complained that it was made to work very hard and it was given only a little food. Another complained that its owners wanted to slaughter it after they had made it work very hard ever since it was very young. Abdullah, Abi Awfa's son says that one of these camels had a split ear and after it had spoken to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) it was put out to pasture and wild animals never bothered it and called to it saying, "You belong to Mohammed!" When the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) passed away, the camel refused to eat or drink and died.

It was the time for Eid, and Abdullah, Qurt's son, tells us that there were either five, six or seven camels that came of their own choosing to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) so that he might sacrifice them. A man was accused of stealing a she-camel, whereupon the camel bore witness before the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) that the man was its rightful owner. At the Opening of Mecca, Wahb's son, tells us that the pigeons of Mecca shaded the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and he supplicated to Allah to bless them. Anas, amongst other Companions, tells us of and event that took place during the migration of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) after he and Abu Bakr had reached the Cave. During the night, Allah commanded a tree to grow in front of the Cave so that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) would be concealed. He also commanded two pigeons the perch at the entrance of the Cave. Another transmission adds that a spider spun its web at the entrance of the Cave, and that when those who were in pursuit of him saw the web they concluded, "If there had been anyone in there, the pigeons would not have settled at its mouth." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) undetected overheard what they said, and they left.

Lady Umm Salama, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased were her, narrated a touching story of a gazelle. One day as the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was in the desert he heard a gazelle call "O Messenger of Allah!" whereupon he replied, "What is your need?" The gazelle told him that a Bedouin had caught her and she had two young fawns in the mountains, and asked him to release her so that she might go and suckle them, and told him that she would return. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked if she would indeed do as she said, and she replied that she would. He released the gazelle and it went to suckle her fawns and then returned, whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) tied her up. When the Bedouin returned he saw the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) and asked, "O Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) is there anything you want?" The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked kindly, "Let this gazelle go." So the Bedouin let her go and it ran off into the desert saying, "I bear witness that there is no god except Allah and that you are the Messenger of Allah."

Safina was a servant of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him). One day Safina set sail in a boat and sailed in the wrong direction and landed on an island in which there was a lion. As the lion approached Safina told it, "I am the servant of the Messenger of Allah," whereupon the lion nudged him with his shoulder and guided him to the right direction. One day the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) gently took hold of a sheep belonging to tribesmen from the tribe of Abdul Kays by its ear, then let it go. A mark appeared and remained on its ear and thereafter its lambs. A donkey was given to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) at Khybar, and Abraham, Hammad's son tells us he asked, "What is your name?" The donkey replied, "My name is Yazid, Shehab's son." Thereafter, the Prophet named it Yafur and the donkey would take him to the homes of his Companions and knock at the door with its head and call them for him. When the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) passed away, the donkey grieved so much that it fell into a well and died.

Qani's son, tells us of the time that the army of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) that numbered approximately three hundred, had pitched camp in a place where there was no water, and they became very thirsty. A goat came to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) and he milked it and its milk sufficed the entire army. Then the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said to Abu Rafi, "I think you are its owner" and added "the one who brought it, is the one to take it away." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) journeyed on a horse, and when the time for prayer arrived he told the horse, "May Allah bless you, do not move until we have finished our prayer." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) turned to face the Qibla and the horse did not move a muscle until he finished praying. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) sent messengers to the kings. There were six messengers and all set out on the same day and each found that he was able to speak the language of the people to whom he was sent. These are but a selection of hadiths, there are many more.

 

Section 20: The miraculous revival the dead and their speech. Babies and suckling infants that spoke and bore witness to his Prophethood

 

After the victory at Khybar, a roasted sheep was prepared by a Jewess and Abu Hurayra tells us that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) and some of his Companions started to eat from it. Then, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told them not to eat from it because it had told him that it had been poisoned, however Bishr, al-Bara's son had swallowed some and died. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked the Jewess why she had done this and she replied, "If you are a prophet, what I did would be of no harm to you, if you are a king then I would have freed people from you." In this narration it reads that she was to be put to death. In another version reported by Anas, and also Abu Hurayra, the Jewess told the Prophet, praise and peace e upon him, "I wanted to kill you" whereupon he replied, "Allah would not have given you the power to do so." The Companions said, "We will kill her," but he told them "No." Jabir, Abdullah's son sheds further light on the attempt and tells us that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told them that it was the shoulder that told him of the poisoning, and he did not punish the Jewess. Isaac's son also said that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) pardoned her (on his own behalf without her asking). During the last illness of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) he said, "The food of Khyber turns to me and at times, it makes me choke." Anas said that he would recognize the effects of the poisoning on the lower lip of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him). Isaac's son reports the opinion of other Muslims that indicates that the honour of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was raised further still by Allah on account of the poisoning as he died the death of a martyr.

Qadi Iyyad mentioned various transmissions that relate to this incident from Abu Hurayra, Anass and Jabir, and said he found in the transmission of Abbas' son that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) handed her to the relatives of Bishr al-Bara's son who became ill and died a while after on account of the effect of the poison and it is they who put her to death. The compliers of the reference of authentic prophetic quotations relate the speech of the poisoned sheep has become well known. However, there are some imams of theology including Imam Abdul Hassan al-Ashari, and the Judge Abu Bakr al-Baqillani who disagree about the speech, some of whom say that it was speech that Allah created in the dead sheep. They say it is Allah who originates both the letters and sounds which are heard coming from such without the alteration of their form or changing their shape. Others are of the opinion that He puts life into them first and thereafter brings forth speech from them. Both al-Ashari and al-Baqillani say that this is possible and Allah knows best. It is not impossible, that letters and voices exist on their own without the presence of life, if life is not a precondition for their existence. Whereas with the case of physical speech the existence of life is a precondition because physical speech can only exist in something that has life.

Wukay, al-Jurrah's son, tells us of a child who had never spoken a word, but when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked, "Who am I?" The child replied, "The Messenger of Allah." In Mecca during the Farewell Pilgrimage Muarrid, Muayqib's son tells us that he saw an amazing thing. A newly born baby was brought to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and the the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked him, "Who am I?" The baby replied, "You are the Messenger of Allah." Whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "You have spoken the truth, may Allah bless you." It was not until the child whose name was Mubarak al-Yamamah, had matured that he spoke again. Al-Hassan al-Basri tells us of a certain man who went to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and told him that he had left his small daughter to die in a certain dried up river bed. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) went with the man to the river bed and called to her by name saying, "So-and-so, by the permission of Allah answer me." The girl appeared and replied, "Obedient to you!" Then he informed her that her parents had converted to Islam and asked if she would like to be returned to them. The little girl replied, "I have no need of them, I have found Allah is better for me than them."

There was an elderly lady who migrated with the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and married an Ansar. She had a son who passed away and as they shrouded him. She cried out, "Is my son dead?" and they broke the news to her that he was and tried to comfort her. The elderly lady supplicate, "O Allah, I migrated for You and Your Messenger, hoping You would help me during each affliction, do not burden me with this affliction!" The cloth was removed from her son's face and he ate with them. Abdullah, Ubaydullah al-Ansari's son was among those who buried Thabit, Kay's son. As Thabit was being lowered into his grave they heard him say, "Mohammed is the Messenger of Allah, Abu Bakr is the Sincere, Omar is the martyr and Othman is merciful and good." They looked at him and he was dead. Zaid, Kharija's son collapsed and died in one of the alleys of Medina. An-Numan, Bashir's son tells us that they picked him and then shrouded him. Between the Maghrib and Isha prayers women started to weep around him and they heard him say, "Be silent, be silent!" so they uncovered his face and he said, "Mohammed is the Messenger of Allah, the Unlettered Prophet and the Seal of the Prophets. It is like that in the First Book." Then he said, "It is the truth, it is the truth." Thereafter he mentioned Abu Bakr, Omar and Othman and said, "Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings." Thereafter he returned to the status of death just as he had been a little while before.

 

Section 21: The miraculous healing of the sick and the incurable

 

There are numerous reports of miraculous healings permitted by Allah to His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and the following are just a taste. During the Battle of Uhud, Shehab's son, and several others, tell us that Saad, Abi Waqqa's son was given by the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) an arrow without an arrowhead and told to shoot with it, and that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) shot with his own bow until finally it broke. Asim, Omar's son, the grandson of Qatada tells us that during the fighting, Qatada sustained a severe eye injury by Nu'man that caused his eyeball to fall from its socket down onto his cheek. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) put the eyeball back in its socket and thereafter it became his best eye. Abu Said al-Khudri said that the Prophet, praise and peace, be upon him, put some of his saliva on the mark made by the arrow on the Day of Dhu Qarad and Abu Qatada told him that it neither throbbed nor yet became infected.

A blind man came to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and Othman, Hunayf's son tells us that he said, "O Messenger of Allah, ask Allah to remove the veil from my eyes." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told him, "Go and make ablution, then offer two units of prayer and say, 'O Allah, I ask You and I turn to You by the Prophet Mohammed, the Prophet of Mercy. O Mohammed, I turn to your Lord to remove the veil from my eyes. O Allah let him intercede for me." The man followed the instructions and returned, and Allah had restored his sight. Mula'ib's son suffered from an edema of water fluid, and sent a messenger to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to tell him of his condition. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) took some dust from the ground, blew some of his salvia upon it and gave to the Mula'ib's messenger who was amazed and took it fearing that he would be laughed at. He returned to Mulai'b's son who was now on the verge of death and gave it to him. He consumed it and Allah cured him.

Habib, either the son of Fudayk or Furayk's said that his father's eyes became so white that he had no vision at all. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) blew some of his saliva in to his eyes whereupon his vision was immediately restored. He was even seen threading a needle at the age of eighty! During the Battle of Uhud, Kulthum Hussayn's son was shot in his throat. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) blew some of his saliva upon it and it healed immediately. Abdullah, Anies' son was also among those injured during the encounter and sustained a wound to his head, once again the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) blew some of his saliva upon it and it did not turn septic. At the Battle of Khybar, Ali's eyes became very painful. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) blew some of his saliva on them and they were immediately healed. Salama, al-Akwa's son sustained a wound to his thigh during the battle and a similar miracle occurred whereby he too was immediately healed. On another occasion Imam Ali was suffering and so he began to supplicate to Allah. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) overheard him and said, "O Allah, recover him!" Then he nudged him with his foot and immediately the pain left Ali.

It was during the Battle of Badr that Abu Jahl severed the hand of Mu'awwidh, Afra's son. Mu'awwidh went to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) carrying his severed hand, whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) blew some of his saliva on it, replaced it was immediately miraculously rejoined to his arm. It was during the same battle Wahb's son tells us that Khubaby, Yasaf's son was severely struck on the neck and half of it was severed. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) blew his salvia upon it and it was immediately healed. A lady from Khuth'am had a child who was mute. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked for some water to be brought with which he rinsed his mouth and washed hands. Then he gave it to the mother and told her to wash the child and wipe him with it. The mother did as the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had said and the child was no longer mute and had an intellect superior to most people.

There was a lady who brought her possessed son to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon, and Abbas' son tells us that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) stroked his chest whereupon the child vomited something that resembled a black puppy and was immediately cured. We are also told of the time Mohammed, Hatim's son was a child and a boiling pot overturned on his arm, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) stroked it, supplicated, then blew some of his salvia on it and it was immediately healed. Shurahbil had a growth on his hand that prevented him from gripping a sword or holding the reins of his mount. He went to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and complained about it whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) pressed the growth with his hand until it was removed. No trace of the growth remained and his hand was fully recovered. A girl who was in the service of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked him for some food when he was eating and as he never refused anyone anything he gave her what was in front of him. The girl was persistent and said, "I want the food in your mouth." So he gave her what was in his mouth. After she had swallowed it, she became well mannered and the change was apparent for all to see, and she became among the most well mannered girls of Medina.

 

Section 22: The answering of the Prophet's supplication

 

We learn from many of the Companions that the supplication or curse of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was always answered. Hudhayfa tells us that when he supplicated for someone, the supplication blessed not only the recipient but his sons and grandsons. There are numerous narrations that speak of the supplications of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and the following are as before, simply a glimpse. Anass's mother went to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and said, "Anass serves you, supplicate to Allah for him." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated saying, "O Allah, give him a lot of children and abundant wealth, and bless him in what You give him." Later, Ikrima tells us that Anass said, "By Allah, I have an abundance of wealth and I have approximately one hundred children and grandchildren." It has also been reported that he said, "I know of no one who is wealthier than I. I have, with my hands, buried a hundred children, and none were miscarriages or grandsons."

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated for Abdur Rahman, Awf's son and he tells us "If I lifted a stone, I would expect to find gold under it shown to me by Allah." When he died, there was a mound of gold that had to be shovelled and hands became blistered with its moving. He had four wives and bequeathed to them each eighty thousand dinars, it is also reported that the amount was a hundred thousand. Abdur Rahman was well known for his charitable acts and bequeathed fifty thousand dinars. He had been charitable throughout his life and it was customary for him to free in a day thirty people in service. There was a time when his charitable giving included a caravan that had seven hundred camels and had come to him bearing all manner of merchandize. Everything was given away in the Name of Allah including saddles and saddle-cloths. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked Allah to answer the supplication of Saad, Abi Waqqas's son and thereafter, whenever he supplicated his supplication was answered.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated to Allah saying, "O Allah, strengthen Islam through either Umar, Khattab's son or Abu Jahl." Omar was the one to be blessed by the supplication. Masood's son said, "We began to be powerful from the time Omar became a Muslim." The Companions went out on an expedition and were stricken by thirst so Omar went to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and asked him to supplicate. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated and a cloud came and provided them with water, then went away. On another occasion during a period of drought, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated in the rain prayer and it rained so much that they asked him to supplicate for its cessation whereupon it ceased.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated for Abu Qatada saying, "May your face prosper! O Allah, bless him in his hair and skin." Abu Qatada died at the age of seventy but looked no older than fifteen. Nabigha lived till the age of one hundred and twenty, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated for him saying, "May Allah not break your teeth" and none of his teeth fell out. For Abbas' son the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated, "O Allah, give him understanding of the religion and teach him its interpretation." Thereafter he was known as 'Al-Habr' the scholar and the interpreter of the Quran. Abdullah, Jaffar's son was also blessed by the supplication of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) who supplicated for his hands to be blessed in business transactions. Every enterprise he ventured into realized a profit.

Al Miqqad, Amr's son was another recipient of the blessings of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and he was given an opulence of wealth. Urwa, Abil Jad's son was blessed by a similar supplication, he tells us "I lived in Kinasa (Kufa), and when I returned I had made a profit of forty thousand." Added to this in Bukhari is the statement, 'If Urwa had purchased dust, he would have made a profit on it." Gharqada had some camels and one of his she-camels bolted. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) called it and a strong wind blew and forced her to return. Abu Hurayra's mother embraced Islam through the supplication of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated for Ali asking that he be protected from the heat and cold. In the summer he was able to wear the clothes of winter and in winter the clothes of summer. Neither heat nor cold affected him.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated for his daughter, Lady Fatima asking Allah that she should never hunger. Lady Fatima, may Allah be pleased with her said, "After that I was never hungry." Tufayl, Amr's son embraced Islam and asked the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) for a sign to take to his tribe whereupon he supplicated, "O Allah, illumine him," and a light shone between his eyes. At Tufayl said, "I am fearful that they will say it is a punishment" so the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) moved the light to the tip of his stick, and on a dark night it would give him light. Because of this Tufayl became known as Dhu'u Nor-The Possessor of Light. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated against a man from the tribe of Quraysh called Mudar whereupon they were stricken by drought until they reconciled the matter. Once the matter was resolved the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated for them and it began to rain.

Chosroes, the King of Persia received a letter from the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and tore it up. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated against him asking Allah to fragment his kingdom. This occurred and the Persians lost their leadership in the world. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) never compromised the prayer to Allah, nor wanted his Companions or nation to compromise it even during a war. In times of conflict half the army would go to pray while the rest defended their position. One day a young man stopped praying, and the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated against him and he became lame. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) saw a man eating with his left hand and advised him, "Eat with your right hand." The man arrogantly replied, "I am not able to do so." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "You will not be able to do so," and thereafter the man was never able to raise his right hand to his mouth.

Utba, Abi Lahab's son was one of the enemies of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and he supplicate against him saying, "O Allah, give one of Your carnivores power over him", later he was devoured by a lion. Masood's son tells us of the time when the unbelievers among the Quraysh put a placenta full of fluid and blood around the Prophet's neck whilst he was prostrate in prayer to Allah. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) cursed each of the participants, name by name, and during the Battle of Badr each one met their death. Muhallim, Jaththama's son was another of the vehement enemies of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and was subjected to his curse. Muhallim was killed by a wild beast and every time an attempt to bury him was made, the earth rejected him and threw his body to its surface. Finally they threw his corpse between a gully and covered him with stones. A certain man denied that he had sold his horse and only gave up his claim to ownership after the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) supplicated, "O Allah, if he is lying, do not give him any blessing in it" whereupon the legs of the horse became rigid.

 

Section 23: Miracles and blessings, things that were transformed through his touch

 

Right from the moment of birth, miracles and blessings abounded on account of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). Amongst which are those experienced by Halima, his foster mother. Her breast milk had been insufficient to satisfy her own infant but when she offered her breast to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) she felt a surge of milk and thereafter there was sufficient milk for both him and her own child. On her journey to Mecca, her donkey had become lame and walked very slowly, but as she carried her blessed foster child back to her home in the desert, the donkey became the swiftest of her companions donkeys. Vegetation was sparse on account of a drought, but Halima's sheep would wonder off and always return well fed and yielded an abundant supply of milk. Her traveling companions were so amazed that they asked Halima if she had purchased a new donkey, and would send their sheep to follow hers to find food, but their sheep always returned to them in the same condition.

The people of Medina were in a state of unrest and Anas, Malik's son tells us that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) rode out of the City on a horse belonging to Abu Talha. Abu Talha's horse was known to be a slow animal, but upon his return the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told Abu Talha, 'We found your horse to be very fast." After that ride the horse resumed its usual pace. Jabir, Abdullah's son had a weak camel. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) prodded it and it became so lively that Jabir had to use all his power to control it. The donkey of Saad, Ubada's son, was slow, however, when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) rode it, it returned at such a fast pace that no one could keep up with it. Khalid, Walid's son, kept some of its hairs in his turban, and was always victorious when he wore the turban.

Asma, Abu Bakr's daughter tells us that she had a black shirt the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had worn and when people were sick they put it in some water, use the water and would recover. Abul Kasim, al-Maamun's son, said that they had in their possession a dish that had once belonged to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) when someone became ill they would put water on it and the person would use the water and be cured. As Othman held the staff of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) Jihjah al-Ghifari snatched it from him and tried to break it across his knee. The people cried out telling him not do it, and he was stricken by a disease in his knee which necessitated its amputation, however, it its amputation did not save him and he died within the year.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) poured some of the water left over from his ablution into a well in Quba, and thereafter its water never dried up. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) blew some of his salvia into Anas' well and there was no water sweeter than it in Medina. One day the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) passed by some water and inquired about it. He told was that it was called "Balsan" and its water was brackish. He renamed the water saying "It is Nu'man, and its water is good" and it became good. On another occasion, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) brought a pail of water from Zamzam and blew some of his salvia into it and the water became sweeter than musk. The grandsons of the Prophet, al-Hassan and al-Hussayn (may Allah be pleased with them) were young and crying on account of thirst. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) gave him his tongue to suck and thereafter they stopped crying. A skin containing some ghee (clarified butter) was given to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) by the mother of Malik al-Ansariyaah. He handed it back to her and told her not to squeeze it. When her sons ran out of ghee they would go to her and ask her for some, and she would go to the skin and find some ghee in it. It continued like this until one day she squeezed the skin.

Salman al-Farsi had converted to Islam but had been sold to Jews in Medina. He wanted to buy himself out of his bondage but they placed a high price upon him. The Jews told him that he would be set free upon the payment of three hundred planted sapling palm-trees that were tied and bore fruit. In addition they demanded that he pay him forty pieces of gold. One day he was blessed to meet the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and told him of his circumstances whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) planted the trees for him with his own blessed hands, that is all except for one which someone else planted, and all flourished except that tree. Each of the trees except that one bore fruit that same year. When the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) learned of the tree, he uprooted the sapling, replanted it and it took root and bore fruit. As for the gold, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) gave Salman gold equal to the size of a chicken's egg, but first he put it in his mouth and rolled his tongue around it. Forty pieces of gold were weighed from it for his Jewish masters and their remained the same amount of gold as at the beginning.

Hanassh Uqayl's son, tells us that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) used to give him a drink of soup. He would drink from it first and Hanassh would be the last to drink. Without exception he always found that it satisfied hunger and thirst, and when he was parched it was cool for him. It was a dark rainy night and Qatada, Numan's son had prayed the evening prayer in the company of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) who thereafter gave him a branch of a palm-tree saying, "Take it with you, it will shed light for you an arm's length before you and an arm's length behind you. When you enter your house you will see something dark. Beat it until it leaves because it is satan." Qatada went home and the branch lit his way. When he entered his home he found the darkness and beat it until it left.

During the Battle of Badr, Ukasha's sword broke and the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) gave him a wooden stick saying, "Strike with it!" The stick was transformed into a long, strong, sharp, gleaming sword and he fought with it and after the hostilities were over he kept it. The sword was called “Al-Awn", meaning "the help". He took the sword with him in each battle and was finally martyred fighting the people of Ridda (who after the death of the Prophet apostasied). There are many reports of sheep and goats that yielded no milk giving an abundance of milk through the blessing of his touch. For example the sheep of Umm Mabad, the one that belonged to Anass, that belonging to Halima, the one that belonged to al-Miqdad and the sheep that had never been mated belonging to Abdullah, Masood's son, and the goat of Mua'wiyah, Thawr's son.

There was also a time when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) provided for his Companions. He filled and tied a skin with water he supplicated over it. When the time for prayer arrived they untied the water skin and found it was full of sweet milk with cream on the top. There are several reports of people over whom the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) passed his hands and blessed their heads. Their hair never turned white. One such person was Umayr, Saad's son, others were Saib, Yazid's son, and Madluk. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) passed his hand over the abdomen and back of Utba, Farqad's son, and the perfume was so fragrant that it surpassed those of the females in his household. Aidh, Amr's son was wounded at Hunain and the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) wiped the blood from his face and supplicated for him. From that time onwards Aidh had a blaze on his head similar to that of a horse.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) touched the head of Kays, Zaid's son and supplicated for him. Kays lived to be one hundred, and all of his hair had turned white except where the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had touched it and he became known as al-Aghar-the one with the blaze. Amr, Thalab al-Juhani was also blessed in a similar manner. When the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) passed his hand over the face of a person there remained a light upon his face. He also stroked the face of Katada, Milhan's son and it too shone in a way that when someone looked at his face it was like looking into a mirror. Hanzala, Hidhaym's son was also blessed by the touching of his head by the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). One day a man came to him with his sheep. His face was swollen and the udders of his sheep were also swollen. The swollen parts were placed upon the area the Prophet's hand had touched Hanzala and the swellings disappeared.

Zainab, Salma's daughter was also blessed when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) splashed some water on her face. After this her face became so beautiful that it surpassed the beauty of other women. There are several reports relating to children who were either sick or insane and all were cured by his blessed touch amongst those children were al-Muhallab, Qubala's son. Tawus tells us that whenever an insane person was brought to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) he would stroke their chest and the insanity would leave them. A man came to him suffering from a hernia. He instructed that it be sprinkled with water from a spring into which he had blown some saliva. After this had been carried out the man was cured. At one time Abu Hurayra came to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and complained of his forgetfulness. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told him to spread out his robe and he scooped his hands into it. Then he told him to draw the robe to him, and this he did. Thereafter he did not forget a thing. Jarir, Abdullah's son was unstable on a horse, the Prophet praise and peace be upon him, patted his chest and supplicated for him and thereafter he became the best and most stable of all Arab horsemen.

 

Section 24: The Prophet's knowledge of the Unseen and the future

 

Judge Iyyad tells us that the transmissions relating to these subjects are well known and are so numerous that they can be compared to a vast, unpluggable ocean that never ceases to overflow. Regarding the signs relating to future events and the Last Day, Hudhayfa tells us, "The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) gave a sermon in which he omitted nothing that would occur up until the Last Day. Some of us remembered them whereas some forgot, but many of my companions know them. When anyone of the events were realized, I would recognize and recall what the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had told us in the same way that a man remembers the face of another who went away but recognizes him upon his return." Hudhayfa then said, "I do not know whether my companions have forgotten or pretended to forget but the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) did not omit the initiator of a single disaster that would occur right up until the end of the world, and there were more than three hundred. Not only did he name the initiator but he also gave the names of their fathers as well as their tribes."

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his Companions and family that they would be victorious over the enemies of Islam. He informed them of the future Opening of Mecca, Jerusalem, Yemen, Syria and Iraq, and that security of passage would be realized so that a woman could travel from Hirra in Iraq to Mecca fearing none except Allah. Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) warned that Medina would be raided. He told his Companions that Khybar would be conquered by Ali on the following day. He also prophesied various parts of the world that Allah would open for his nation, and also of the treasures they would be receive, such as those of Chosroes and Caesar. He warned of the sedition that would occur among them, the disputes and the rise of various sects who would behave in a manner similar to their predecessors, and that they would split into seventy-three sects, of which only one would be saved. He told of their spreading throughout the world, and that a people would come who wore one fine garment in the morning and another in the evening, and that dish after dish would be set before them. He spoke of the time when their homes would be adorned in a similar way to the Kaaba. He concluded the sermon saying, "You are better off today than you will be on that day."

Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) also spoke of the time when Muslims would strut proudly about the earth, and said they would be served by girls from Persia and Byzantine. He spoke of the time that Allah would withdraw from them their power, and that those who were evil would overcome the good. He also spoke of the fighting that would occur between them and the Turks, the Khazars and the Byzantine. He said, Chosroes and Persia would be wiped out and thereafter cease to exist." He prophesied that the descendants of the Byzantines would continue generation after generation right up until the end of the world. At that time the noblest and best people would be taken away. He prophesied that knowledge would be taken away as time drew to an end, and of the sedition and bloodshed that would appear. He said, "Woe for the Arabs, for the evil that draws near!" The earth was rolled up for the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) so that he was able to see its eastern and western extremities and said that the extent of his nation would reach was that which was rolled up for him.

Abu Umama, reports the saying of Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) relating to the coming of “Al-Mahdi", the expected guided leader, who will appear shortly before the end of the world, he said, "A group of my nation will remain steadfast to the truth. They will conquer their enemy until the command of Allah comes as they remain in that status." When he was asked where this group would be, he replied, "In Jerusalem." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) brought news of the kingdom of the Umayyads and the caliphate of Mu'awiyah whom he advised. He said that the Umayyads would turn the kingdoms of Allah into a dynasty. He also said that the descendants of al-Abbas would emerge under black banners and govern an area far larger than previously known. He spoke of the coming of al-Mahdi, and when he would appear. He spoke of the events "The People of his House" (Ahl al-Bayt) would face, and mentioned their martyred slaying by their enemy and subsequent exile. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) prophesied the martyrdom of Imam Ali, and said that those who would kill him were the most wretched of people, and that Ali would be the one to assign their place in the Fire. He said that Ali's friends would enter the Garden whereas his enemies would enter the Fire (this is in reference to the unbelievers who fought Imam Ali). He mentioned that among those who would rise up against him would be the Kharijites, the Nasibiyah (who were vehement in their hatred of him), and that a group of Rafidites who claimed to follow Ali would in fact reject him. The martyrdom of Othman was prophesied by the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) who said, "Othman will be killed as he recites the Quran, perhaps Allah will have written that he will be wearing a shirt and they will want to remove it and his blood will fall on the Words of Allah "Allah will suffice you." 2:137.

As far as sedition was concerned, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said that it would not appear during Omar's lifetime. He said, "Az Zubair would fight against Ali, and the dogs of Al-Hawaab would bark at one of his wives and there would be a lot of killing around her, and that she would only just escape. When Lady Aisha (may Allah be satisfied with her) went to Basra, the dogs of Al-Hawaab barked (the barking occurred as Lady Aicha rode in seclusion in her Howdah and upon hearing their barking she asked if she was in Al-Hawaab but those around her lied saying it was some other place.) The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) prophesied that an unjust group would transgress and take the life of Ammar, this prophecy was fulfiled when the army of Mua'wiyah killed him. To Abdullah, Zubair's son he said, "Woe to the people from you and woe to you from the people!"

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) spoke of the hypocrite Quzman saying, "He will be tested along with the Muslims, even though he is one of the people of the Fire." This prophecy was fulfiled and Quzman committed suicide. He named certain people amongst whom were Abu Hurayra, Samura Jundub's son, and Hudhayfa and said, "The last of you will die in a fire." The last to die amongst them was Samura who was old and senile who died as he was trying to warm himself. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) spoke of the martyrdom of Hanzala, saying, "Ask his wife about him. I saw angels washing him." Hanzala had married the night before a battle and they asked her about him and she said, "He left in the state of major impurity and died before he had a chance to take a major shower." Abu Said said, "We found his head dripping with water."

Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) spoke of the caliphate of the Quraysh saying, "The caliphate is with the Quraysh, and it will remain so as long as they maintain the religion." He prophesied that a liar and a destructive person would emerge from Thaqif. It is thought that al-Hajjaj, Joseph's son and al-Mukhtar, Ubayd's son are those referred to in the prophecy. He spoke of Musaylama (the liar who laid claim to the prophethood during the lifetime of the Prophet) saying he would be destroyed, and it was so. Of his daughter Fatima (may Allah be satisfied with her) he gave her the good news that she would be the first of his family to pass away after him. He warned about the apostasy which would arise and prophesied that after his death the just Caliphate would remain for thirty years and thereafter become a voracious kingdom. This was fulfilled during the time of al-Hassan, the son of Ali, may Allah be pleased with them. He prophesized the loss of status of Muslims saying, "This matter began with the Prophethood and mercy, then mercy and the Caliphate, followed by a voracious kingdom, followed by arrogance and tyranny." He warned "Corruption will enter the nation." He also said, "A time is only followed by one worse than it."

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) made known the existence of Uways al-Qarni and instructed Omar and Ali to ask Uways to pray for them. It was only after the death of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) that this great Sufi became known to the Companions. And the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) also prophesized that princes would come who would postpone the time of prayer. Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) warned that amongst his nation there would arise thirty deceiving liars claiming the Prophethood, four of whom would be female. Another time he mentioned that one of the deceiving liars would be the false messiah, and that all would belie Allah and His Messenger. He spoke of non-Arabs saying, "The time is approaching when there will be numerous non-Arabs amongst you. They will consume your property and strike your necks. The Last Hour will not appear until a man from Kahtan drives the people with his staff." He told his Companions that the best of his followers are those who lived in his time, thereafter the next generation, followed by the next generation. He warned that after them people would come and bear witness without being asked who will be treacherous and untrustworthy. He also warned of people who would promise but not fulfil, and that many will be obese. Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) warned, "My nation will be destroyed under the hands of young men from the Quraysh." In another narration Abu Hurayra tells us that he said, "If I so wished I could name them for you, the children of so-and-so and the children of so-and-so."

Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) prophesized the coming of the Qadiani, a deviant sect encouraged by the British, and the Rafidites as well as the Nasibiyah who hated the four caliphs and betrayed Imam Ali. He also said that the last of his nation would curse the first of it, and the Ansar would dwindle in number until they became like the salt in food, and that their position would continue to dissolve until not a single group of them remained and that they would be oppressed after his passing. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) spoke of those who severed themselves from Islam (Khawarij), and described them saying one would be abnormal and that their mark would be shaven heads. Nearing the end of time, the Prophet praise and peace be upon him, prophesized that shepherds would become authorities and that the naked, Bedouin, the barefoot Arabs would compete in the construction of high buildings, and mothers would give birth to their mistresses.

On another occasion the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was asked, "„Tell me about some of the signs of its approach.‟ To this the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him replied, „The female slave will give birth to her master, and the bare-footed, naked, penniless goat-herders will live arrogantly in high mansions.‟ The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) prophesized that the Quraysh and their allies would not be able to conquer him, but he would conquer them. He spoke of "the death" (a plague during the Caliphate of Omar) that would occur after the conquest of Jerusalem and described the houses of Basra. When they were on an expedition a wind storm blew up and the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his Companions, "It blows for the death of a hypocrite." Upon their return to Medina they found his prophecy had been realized. As the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) sat with his Companions he prophesized, "The tooth of one of you will be greater than the size of Mount Uhud in the Fire." Abu Hurayra said, "Eventually all of those who sat with him passed away except for myself and one other, and he apostasied and was killed in the Battle of Yammah."

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) spoke of a man who had stolen some pearls from a Jew and said they would be found in the man's saddle-bag. He spoke of a man who had stolen a cloak and told them where it was. He also spoke of a she-camel that had strayed and informed them that she had become entangled by its halter in a tree. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his Companions of a letter Hatib had written and entrusted to a woman from Muzaynah to deliver to his family in Mecca. The letter was to alert Hatib's family of their intended march on Mecca. Safwan, Umayyah's son persuaded Umayr, Wahab ibn go and kill the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). As Umayr approached intending to kill him, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) informed him of his secret whereupon Umayr became a Muslim. When al-Abbas was taken captive his goods were confiscated and he told the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) that he had no money. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) reminded him the money he had left concealed with Umm al-Fadl, whereupon he exclaimed, "None except Umm Al-Fadl and I knew where it was." al-Abbas became a Muslim.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said referring to his grandson al-Hassan, "This son of mine is a master, and it is through him that Allah will bring about peace between two great groups among Muslims." He spoke of the martyrdom of his Companions at Mu'tah (who fought against the Romans and Arab tribes that had yet to embrace Islam) at the moment of their martyrdom, despite the fact that there was more than a month's travel between him and his Companions. When the Negus of Abyssinia passed away, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) informed his Companions of his passing. Before a messenger arrived, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told Fayruz (who was a Persian envoy) that Chosroes had passed away. When the messenger arrived with the news Fayruz read the letter and embraced Islam. One day the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) found Abu Dharr asleep in the Mosque in Medina and told him that he would become an exile saying, "How will it be with you when you are driven from it?" He replied, "I will live in the Sacred Mosque." Then the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked, "And what when you are driven away from there?" The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told Abu Dharr that he would lead a life of seclusion and die while he was alone. He prophesized that the first of his wives to pass away after him would be the one with the longest hand. The wife was Lady Zainab daughter of Jahsh, may Allah be pleased with her, who was known to be very charitable.

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said that his grandson al-Hussayn would be martyred at Taff, (later renamed Karbala). He took some dirt in his hand and said, "His grave is in it." A hand of Zaid, Sultan's son was severed as he fought for the Sake of Allah.

Prior to its severing, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had said, "One of the limbs of Zaid Sultan's son will precede him to the Garden." Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) asked Surakah, "How would you like to wear the robes of Chosroes?" Years later the spoils gained from Persia were brought to Omar amongst which were the robes and regalia of Chosroes and Omar said, "Praise be to Allah who stripped them from Chosroes and put them on Surakah." Indicating to the city we know today as Baghdad, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) prophesied "A city will be built between the rivers Tigris and Dujayl, and Qutrubull and Sara. The treasures for the earth will be brought to it and the earth will swallow it up." He warned, "In this nation there will be a man named al-Walid. He will be worse for this nation than Pharaoh was for his."

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) forewarned, "The hour will not come until two parties fight against each other, and their claim is the same as each other." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) spoke to Omar about Suhail, Amr's son saying, "It is possible that he will be in a position that will delight you Omar." This prophecy was fulfilled. When the people of Mecca learned of the Prophet's passing, Suhail stood before its people in a way similar to that of Abu Bakr in Medina and addressed them in a similar manner that strengthened them. There was a time when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked Khalid to go to Ukaydir, and told him that he would find him hunting wild steers." This is exactly what he was found doing. Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) informed his Companions of their secrets and even told them of their thoughts. He also told them of the hypocrites and of their rejection, and what they said about him and those who believed. One of the hypocrites would tell his companion, "Be quiet, by Allah, if he does not have someone to tell him then the stones of the plain will inform him!"

There was a Jew in Medina by the name of Labid, Asim's son who was a sorcerer. He was approached by a fellow Jew from Khybar and asked to concoct a spell of deadly proportion against the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) described Labid's sorcery and what had been used. He told his Companions that he used a comb, and some strands of his hair, and the spathe of a male palm-tree, and that he had cast them into the well of Dharwan. The Companions went to the well and found them exactly as the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had described. When the Quraysh placed a boycott on the early Muslims-the children of Hashim-they issued a declaration that was placed inside the Kaaba. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told them that termites would devour the paper and only the Name of Allah would remain. This prophecy came to pass, and the boycott ceased.

Each one of his prophecies, present and future, were to be fulfiled in the way he described. Amongst those yet to be fulfiled is the following, "The flourishing of Jerusalem will prove to be the ruination of Medina. The ruin of Medina will be brought about on account of fierce fighting. The emergence of fierce fighting will include the conquest of Constantinople (Istanbul). Prophet Mohammed, spoke of the prevailing conditions of the Hour and also of the signs that will lead to it. He spoke of the Resurrection and the Gathering, and informed what will happen to the good and those who deviated. He gave news about both the Garden and the Fire and the occurrences on the Day of Resurrection. As we mentioned at the beginning of this section, a volume of prophetic quotations could be compiled on these subjects, but this suffices. For those who wish to learn more further transmissions are to be found in the Sahih references.

Section 25: The protection of Allah for His Prophet, and that He suffices him against those who injured him

 

Allah told His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) "Allah protects you from the people" 5:67 And He says, "And be patient under the Judgement of your Lord, surely, you are before Our Eyes." 52:48. And, "Is it not that Allah suffices His worshiper." 39:36 This last verse has been explained that Allah is sufficient for His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) against his enemies and the idolaters. As for those who mocked and plotted against the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) Allah says, "We suffice you against those who mock." 15:95 "And when the unbelievers plotted against you, they sought to either take you captive or have you killed, or expelled. They plotted-but Allah (in reply) also plotted. Allah is the Best in plotting." 8:30. Lady Aisha, Mother of Believers (may Allah be satisfied with her) tells us "Before the verse "Allah protects you from the people" 5:67 was sent down, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had guards." After its revelation, he looked out of his tent and told his guards to leave him saying, "Leave me my people. My Lord has given me protection."

We are also told that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was travelling and it had reached mid-day so he dismounted and his Companions found a tree under which he might rest from the heat of the day. As he rested a Bedouin named Ghawrath, al-Harith's son came with sword drawn to him and said, "Who will protect you from me?" The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) "Allah, the Exalted." Upon hearing this, the hand of the Bedouin began to tremble and his sword fell from it, and he struck his head on the tree so hard that his skull was exposed. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) forgave him and the Bedouin returned to his tribe saying, "I have come to you from the best of people." Al Khattabi sheds more light upon the incident saying that when Ghawrath had made up his mind to kill the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) he alone knew of his intention. Ghawrath stood at the head of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) with his sword drawn and the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "O Allah, You are sufficient for me against him." Whereupon Ghawrath fell on his face on account of a pain that smote him between his shoulders, and his sword fell from his hand.

There was a similar occurrence at Badr when he left his Companions to relieve himself, but this time it was one of the hypocrites who followed him. We are also told of the time when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was on an expedition to Dhu Amar against the tribe of Ghatafan. Du'thur, Al-Harith's son, who was their chieftain and the bravest man amongst the Ghatafan had made it very well known to his tribe that when the chance presented itself he would kill the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) however when the time presented itself he did not. When he returned to his tribe they asked the reason why he had not killed him. He told them that that he had seen a tall white man who pushed him in the chest and that he had fallen backwards and his sword fell from him, and he was sure he had seen an angel. He told his tribesmen that it was this that had caused him to become a Muslim. It has been said that the following verse refers to this incident, "Believers, remember the favour which Allah bestowed upon you when certain people were about to stretch their hands towards you, but He restrained them." 5:11. Upon the sending down of this verse the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) who had previously been concerned about the Quraysh declared, "Whosoever wants to harm me will be disappointed."

In an attempt to harm the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) the wife of Abu Lahab, Umm Jamill had strewn thorns in the Prophet's path, but it was as though he walked on soft sand. When she heard a chapter had been sent down censuring her and her husband she went to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) who was sitting with Abu Bakr beside the Kaaba with a stone pestle in her hand. She stopped before Abu Bakr and demanded to know the whereabouts of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). She could not see him sitting next to him as Allah had made him invisible to her. In contempt she said to Abu Bakr, "I have heard that he has satirized me, and by Allah, if I had found him, I would have smashed his mouth with this pestle!" Al-Hakam, Abi'l-Aas's son tells of the time they conspired to kill the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). When they came across him, they found him praying, and heard a terrible sound behind them, it was so frightening that they thought not one person would be left alive in Tihama. He tells us they all fainted and did not regain consciousness until he after the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had concluded the prayer and returned to his family. One night he and his companions agreed to make another attempt on his life and lay in wait until they saw him, but suddenly the hills of Safwa and Marwa stood between him and them.

Umar tells us that at one time he and Abu Jahm, Hudhayfa's son agreed between themselves to kill the Messenger of Allah. It was night time and as they approached his home they began to listen for him. Then they heard him begin to recite the verses, "The Resurrection Verifier; and what is the Resurrection Verifier? What makes you to know the Resurrection Verifier is? Thamood and Aad belied the Clatterer. Thamood, they were destroyed by the violent shout (of Gabriel) as for Aad, they were destroyed by a howling, violent wind that He subjected upon them for seven nights and eight days consecutively and you might have seen them struck down as if they were the stumps of palm trees that had fallen down. Can you see any remnant of them now?" 69:1-8. Upon hearing these verses Abu Jahm struck Umar on his arm saying "Save yourself!" and they ran away in fright. This incident contributed to the conversion of Umar.

Among the attempts upon the life of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) is this famous incident. The chieftains from each branch of the Quraysh tribes plotted to kill the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). One night they concealed themselves around the Prophet's house and lay in wait for him. Later that night he came out from his house and as he did so, he recited the following verses, ""Ya Seen. By the Wise Quran, you (Prophet Mohammed) are truly among the Messengers sent upon a Straight Path. The sending down of the Mighty, the Most Merciful so that you may warn a people whose fathers were not warned, and so were heedless. The Phrase has become obligatory upon most of them, yet they do not believe. We have bound their necks with fetters up to their chin, so that their heads are raised and cannot be lowered. We have set a barrier before them and a barrier behind them, and, We have covered them so that they do not see." 36:1-9. Then he stooped to pick up a handful of dust and cast it over them, and immediately a deep sleep descended upon them and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon them, passed through their midst without anyone seeing him.

As we mentioned in an earlier section, Allah protected His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and Abu Bakr during their migration when they stayed in the Cave and we heard how Allah caused a spider to spin its web over the mouth of the cave and two pigeons to settle on its ledge. Added to this is the conversation Umayyh, Ubbay's son had with his companion to whom he said, "The spider's web must have been there before the Prophet was even born." The Quraysh concluded no one could possibly be in the Cave and left. Allah protected his Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) again during his migration. Surakah, Malik's son, whose grandfather was Jushum spotted the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and Abu Bakr in the distance so he armed himself and rode out after them. Surakah almost caught up with them when the feet of his horse sank into the ground and he was thrown from the horse. Surakah took hold of his diving arrows and cast them, but did not receive the answer for which he hoped. He remounted and rode on and as he drew near he heard the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) reciting the Quran. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) did not turn around, however Abu Bakr did and said, "He is catching up with us!" Whereupon the Messenger of Allah recite the verse "Do not sorrow, Allah is with us" 9:40. And he supplicated against Surakah. Surakah's horse sank once more into the ground and he was thrown. Suraka got up and pulled the horse by its reins and the horse emerged with something resembling smoke coming from its feet. Surakah cried out, "I know you have supplicated against me, supplicate again for me and I will act as a decoy for you; neither shall I harm you nor will others harm you." Suraka told them of the plans of his fellow tribesmen and the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told him not to let anyone follow them. Surakah returned to his tribesmen and told them they were nowhere to be seen so it was pointless to search for them in that direction. Before Surakah parted company with the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) asked, "How would you like to wear the robes of Chosroes (the King of Persia)?" Surakah was astonished and knew that the word of the Prophet praise and peace be upon him, would surely be fulfilled, so he requested the statement be written down for him as a sign, and so Abu Bakr wrote it down on a piece of leather, which Surakah then placed in his quiver for safekeeping and returned to Mecca. In the years that followed as the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was returning from the Encounter of Hunain, Surakah met him again and embraced Islam. It has also been transmitted that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and Abu Bakr were spotted by a herdsman who then hastened to Mecca with the intention of informing the Quraysh. However, upon reaching Mecca, his mind went blank and he neither knew what he was doing there nor the reason why he had gone there, so he returned home.

Abu Jahl had sworn that when he saw the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) he would crush his skull with a rock. The time presented itself and Isaac's son tells us that as Abu Jahl took hold of a rock the Quraysh urged him on to throw it at the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) who was in prostration. Allah protected His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and caused the rock stick to his hands and his hands were raised up to his neck, whereupon he abandoned his intention. After the conclusion of the prayer Abu Jahl asked the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to supplicate for him whereupon his hands were released from the rock. When he returned to his companions they asked what had happened and he told them, "A stallion, the like of which I have never seen before appeared behind him, and it looked at me as if it was going to devour me." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his Companions, "That was Gabriel. If Abu Jahl had come any nearer, he would have been seized."

Another attempt was made on the life of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) this time it was a man from the children of Mughira. Samarkandi tells us that Allah caused him to become blind and therefore unable to see the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) although he was still able to hear what he said. Scholars say that the verses "We have bound their necks with fetters up to their chin, so that their heads are raised and cannot be lowered. We have set a barrier before them and a barrier behind them, and, We have covered them so that they do not see." 36:8-9 refer to this and the preceding story. One day, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and his Companions set out to visit the tribe of Kurzaya. Isaac's son tells us, that when they reached their destination, they sat down to rest against a wall of one of the fortresses. Amr, Jihash's son learned of their arrival and sent one of his tribesmen to throw a millstone down from its walls upon him. Before they could achieve their aim, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) arose and returned to Medina and told them what had happened. It has been said that the verse, "Believers, remember the favor which Allah bestowed upon you when certain people were about to stretch their hands towards you, but He restrained them." 5:12 is applicable to this event.

The Jewish tribe of Nadir had made a pact with the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and part of the pact was that they would assist him when called upon. Samarkandi tells us that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) now sought their help in paying the blood money for the tribesmen of Kalb who had been killed by Amr, Umayyah's son. Upon their arrival Huyayy, Akhtab's son invited the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and his Companions to sit down with him expressing his wish to feed them and give them that for which they had come. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) Abu Bakr and Omar sat down, and Huyayy got up on the pretence that he wanted to relieve himself and left the room. However, Huyayy's intention was to kill him. After a while Gabriel came to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and told him of the plot, so without a word he left and went home.

Abu Hurayra tells us that Abu Jahl had sworn that he would tread on the neck of Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) the next time he saw him in prostration. Abu Jahl's companions came to him and told him that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was praying near the Kaaba, so Abu Jahl approached him, then turned away in fright, protecting himself with his hands. His companions asked what had happened and he told them, "As I approached I looked down and saw a trench full of fire into which I almost fell. It was a terrifying sight and the fluttering of wings filled the earth." Later, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told his Companions that the fluttering of wings were those of angels and said, "If he had come any nearer they would have torn him limb by limb." It was then that the verse "Indeed, surely the human is very insolent." 96:6 was revealed.

Hamza, the uncle of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) had killed in combat the father and uncle of Shayba, Othman al-Juhani's son. At the Battle of Hunain the chance to revenge these deaths presented itself and Shayba cried out, "Today my revenge will be taken against Mohammed!" As the fighting intensified he came, with sword ready to strike, up behind the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and said, "As I drew near a fiery flame, swifter than lightning rose up before me so I turned and fled. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was aware of my presence and called me back then placed his hand upon my chest. Before that he had been the most hated of all people to me, then he told me, 'Draw near and fight!' This I did and went ahead of him fighting with my sword. Even if I had met my father, I would have fought against him rather than the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him)."

It was the year of the Opening of Mecca and Fadala, Amr's son tells us, "I wanted to kill the Prophet as he circumambulated the Kaaba. As I drew near to him he asked, 'Is it Fadala?' and I replied that it was. He then asked, 'What were you saying to yourself?' and I replied, 'Nothing'. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) laughed and asked Allah to forgive me then placed his hand on my chest and my heart became still. By Allah, as soon as he lifted it, Allah had not created anyone more beloved to me than him." Amir, Tufayl's son and Arbad, Kays son, plotted together to kill the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). Amir said to Arbad, "I will distract Mohammed so you can strike him." But Arbad was prevented from seeing him. He told Amir, "By Allah, whenever I intended to strike him, I found that you were between him and me-how could I strike you!" Many Jews and soothsayers instilled fear of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) into the Quraysh, telling them that he would have power over them, and urged them to rise up and kill him. Allah protected him and His command was realized. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said that he was helped by the casting of terror into the hearts of his enemies who were even as far away as a months travel from him.

 

Section 26: The Prophet's knowledge and sciences

 

Allah gave His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) an abundance of concentrated knowledge relating to both worldly affairs and His religion. He gave to him knowledge of the instructions of Law, of politics and what was in the best interest of his nation. He was given knowledge of the circumstances of previous nations, and became knowledgeable of the stories of prophets, messengers, tyrants and of each generation from Adam until his time coupled to knowledge of their laws and scriptures. Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) was knowledgeable of the aspects of their lives, their battles and events. He knew details of their prominent personnel and their varying opinions. He even knew how long they lived and the wisdom of their sages. When the unbelievers came to him, he was able to debate and clearly answer both Jew and Christian according to their own scripture. He told them of the secrets of their scriptures and spoke of their hidden sciences, and informed them of what they choose to conceal and how they had tampered with their Books.

As for Arab tribes, he was conversant with each dialect and knew the obscure words special to certain tribes. He knew each of the eloquent styles of pure Arabic. He knew the circumstances of their battles, their wisdom, similes and the meaning of their poems, his vocabulary encompassed all their words and he would use them to give clarifying parables or proverbs so that all were able to understand the depth of matters, and shed light on the obscure. He made the rules of the Law easy to understand, they were neither strict nor contradictory. The Law he brought taught the traits of good character, ethics and every kind of desirable characteristic, so much so that even an unbeliever could not raise any objection unless he became frustrated and just said anything in retaliation. Even the unbelievers in the "Time of Ignorance" who opposed or rejected him were not able to refute this and said what he brought was correct and did not attempt to prove it to be otherwise.

Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) made lawful what was good for everyone and forbade that which was opposite, and it was through this that he protected lives, honour and property from harm, and made them fear the Fire of the Everlasting Life. The Prophet's knowledge surpasses that of even the most dedicated people of science who are only able to acquire, even after years of study, an incomplete understanding of perhaps one or more scientific field such as that of medicine, the interpretation of dreams, the distribution of inheritance, mathematic, lineage etc., that stem from his knowledge. His knowledge encompassed all sciences in full. Of visions, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) warned, "Visions should only be interpreted by the truly knowledgeable scholars of interpretation, and the realization of the vision will be come in due course." He also said, "Visions fall into three categories, the true vision, a dream in which a person talks to himself, and a distressful dream which is from satan." He also said, "When the end of time draws near, the dream of a believer almost never lies." Of illness, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) informs us of his knowledge saying, "The root of every illness is indigestion." Abu Hurayra tells us that he said, "The intestines are the drain of the body and the veins reach it." He spoke of many cures including those of the ear and inside the mouth, of cupping, and laxatives. Regarding the best time for cupping he told his Companions that it is on the seventeenth, nineteenth and twenty-first of the (lunar) month. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) spoke of other cures one of which is for pleurisy saying, "In the aloes-wood, there are seven cures, one of which is the cure for pleurisy. Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) mentioned the status of the stomach saying, "The son of Adam has not filled any container worse than his stomach. If it has to be filled, then one third should be for food, another third for beverage and the remaining third for breath."

He was asked if Sabi was a person or a country whereupon he replied, "He was the father of ten children, six in Yemen and four in Syria." The Arabs were preoccupied with matters relating to their lineage and would come to ask the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and their questions would be answered. Kada'a inquired about matters relating to his lineage and his inquiry was satisfied. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) spoke of time, saying, "Time revolves in a circle which was its form on the day that Allah created the heavens and the earth." He spoke of the Pool of al-Kawthar, and described it saying, "Its corners form a square." As for the remembrance of Allah (dhikr) the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) gave the good news, "A good deed has ten more like it, therefore, one hundred and fifty on the tongue is equal to fifteen hundred on the Scales." The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) informed his Companions that everywhere between the east and the west is a direction of prayer (qibla). The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) advised his scribe to put his pen behind his ear because it would be easy for him to remember where he had placed it.

Allah said that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was illiterate. He was not tutored by literate persons, nor yet raised in the company of knowledgeable people, however he was extremely knowledgeable. There are many transmissions that speak of the way in which he said letters should be correctly written, for example he said, "Do not extend the (Arabic) letter "seen" in Basmala." One day, Mu'awiyah was sitting with the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) when he advised Mu'awiyah to put some cotton in the inkwell and to cut his quill obliquely. As for writing letters he told him to make the letter "ba" straight, the letter "seen" distinct and not to misshape the letter "meem". He told him to write the Name "Allah" well, and to extend in both writing and reading the "Alif" equal to "aa" in the attribute “Al-Rahmaan" and said the same applies to “Al-Raheem" with the extension of "ee". The Prophet's knowledge of the facets of language was not limited to Arabic. His knowledge enabled him to speak in many languages. If a person were to spend his life studying languages he would only be able to accomplish some of his goal. Allah says of His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) "Never before did you recite any Book, or inscribe it with your right hand." 29:48.

There is no room for even an unbeliever to refuse what we have just mentioned, nor yet for a rejecter to bring something contrary to it, claiming, "Tales of the Ancients" 25:5, or "A mortal teaches him" 16:103 because in the same verse Allah, Himself proves the falsity of their argument saying, "The tongue of him at whom they hint is a non-Arab; and this is a clear Arabic tongue." The claim of the unbelievers that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was tutored by Salman from Persia, or a Greek captive is rendered void. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) first met Salman after his migration to Medina by which time many of the verses of the Quran had already be sent down. As for the Greek, his name is not clear, but we what we know is that he embraced Islam and that they would sit together at Marwa. The tongue of both Salman and the Greek was foreign, whereas the Quraysh who spoke clear Arabic were fluent and articulate, yet despite their capabilities none were able to produce a single verse, let alone a chapter comparable to the Quran. If the most eloquent of Arabs rich in the art of the composition of poetry and language were unable to meet the challenge, it is inconceivable that persons whose mother tongue is other than Arabic would be capable of doing so. It was rare for the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to visit the countries of the "People of the Book", yet his enemies claimed that he sought their help. His youth was spent in the company of Arabs during which time, he like prophets before him, shepherded sheep. Only once or twice, in the company of fellow Arabs who spoke only Arabic, did he visit non-Arab lands and even then his stay was short and there would have been insufficient time for him to acquire even a fraction of their language. He neither sought the company of rabbis, priests, astronomers or soothsayers in Mecca or Medina, or for that matter elsewhere, his knowledge was gifted to him by Allah.

 

Section 27: The Prophet's communication with angels and jinn

 

Amongst the multitude of miracles, illuminating signs and gifts is Prophet Mohammed's (peace and blessing be upon him) communication with angels and jinn that have been made known to us through his prophetic quotations. Allah supported him with both obedient angels and jinn, and many of the Companions were also blessed to see them. Allah warns, "but if you support one another against him, (know that) Allah is his Guardian, and Gabriel." 66:4. He also says, "And when Allah revealed to the angels, saying, 'I shall be with you. Give courage to the believers." 8:12. Also, "And when you (Prophet Mohammed) prayed to your Lord for help, He answered, 'I am sending to your aid a thousand angels in succession.'" 8:9. And, "(Remember) how We sent to you a company of jinn, who, when they came and listened to the Quran said to each other, 'Be silent.'" 46:29. Concerning His Words, "For indeed he saw one of the greatest signs of his Lord." 53:18 Abdullah, Masood's son tells us that Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) saw the Archangel Gabriel. There is a very well known quotation relating to the Night Journey that speaks of his conversation with the Archangel Gabriel, the Angel Israfil as well as other angels, and also tells how he witnessed the immensity of their number and the appearance of some.

As we said earlier, some of his Companions were also blessed to see angels at different times and places. One of the most famous sightings is the time when his Companions saw Gabriel who had assumed the form of a man and came to ask the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) about Islam, Belief (Iman) and Perfection (Ihsan). Sa'ad saw the angels Gabriel on the Prophet's right and Michael on his left as men wearing white robes. At the Battle of Badr a Companion reported having seen the heads of the unbeliever's flying off into the air, but the one who struck them was unseen. On another occasion, Abu Sufyan, Harith's son saw men clad in white riding on piebald horses riding between the heaven and earth. The angels would come to Imran, Hussayn's son and shake him by the hand, and when the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) showed Hamza the Archangel Gabriel at the Kaaba, Hamza fainted. On what has become known as the "Night of the Jinn", Abdullah, Masood's son saw the jinn and also heard them speak. He described them as resembling the men of Zutt (tall Sudanese men).

During the Battle of Uhud, Sa'ad's son tells us that when Mus'ab was martyred an angel came, took his form and raised the banner. When the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said "Advance Mus'ab" the angel replied, "I am not Mus'ab" and he realized it was an angel. Omar, al-Khattab's son tells of the time when they were sitting with the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and an elderly man with a walking stick came and greeted the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). He returned the greeting and said, "Your voice is like that of the jinn, who are you?" He replied, "I am Hama, al-Haym's son and my grandfather is Laqis son of Iblis (satan). He told the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) that he had met Prophet Noah, peace be upon him, and his successors. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) taught him some of the chapters of the Quran. When Khalid was sent to destroy the pagan temple of al-Uzza at Nakhlah, he killed a naked black woman who came out with her hair flying. Upon his return he told the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) of the occurrence whereupon he said, "That was its priestess who impersonated al-Uzza."

Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) was engaged in prayer when suddenly satan, the stoned and cursed, rushed towards him in an attempt to disrupt his prayer, but Allah gave the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) power over him. After the prayer he told his Companions that he wanted to tie satan to one of the pillars in the Mosque so that they could look at him, but then the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) recalled to mind the supplication of his brother, Prophet Solomon, "Forgive me my Lord, and give me a kingdom the like of which will not befall any after me." 38:35. So the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) in his excellent manner, let him go. Yet again, this subject is so immense one must be aware that the preceding is just but a taste.

 

Section 28: Narrations about his characteristics, and signs of his Messengership

 

When it comes to the signs of Prophet Mohammed's Prophethood and Messengership one must know that they were inscribed in previous scriptures, and transmitted from monks, rabbis and the knowledgeable People of the Book. His description, nation, names and his signs, even the seal that was to grace the area between his shoulder blades was known to them. In the poetry of Tubba, the story of the king of Yemen who wanted to destroy Yathrib with its Jews but were told by Prophet Samuel that a prophet would migrate there is told. There were other poets who wrote about the signs of Prophet Mohammed, such as al-Aws, Haritha's son who lived between the era of prophets and worshipped One God rather than idols. Ka'b, Lu'ayy's son, was the first person to call for prayer gatherings on a Friday and he too spoke of the coming of a Prophet. Sufyan, Mujashi's son, from Tamin proclaimed the coming of an Arab prophet and mentioned his name as being Mohammed. Quss, Saida's son, a Christian bishop from Najran was knowledgeable of the signs of Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) as was Sayf, Dhi Yazin's son, a king of Himyar who conquered Yemen and defeated the Abyssinians and spoke to Abdul Muttalib of a hidden book that he had read in which it was announced that a prophet would be born in Tihama. Zaid, Amr's son whose grandfather was Nufayl, described the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and said he would be from the children of Abdul Muttalib. The description and news of the forthcoming prophet was also known by Waraqa, Nawfal's son, Athkalan al-Himyari and the Jewish scholar Samuel.

Before the Torah and the Gospel were tampered with the description and mention of the names of the attributes of the last Prophet of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) together with his signs and place of birth, were to be found and the sincere people who had knowledge of their untampered Books embraced Islam. Amongst the Jewish converts were the rabbi, who took the name of Abdullah, son of Salaam, the sons of Sa'ya, the son of Yamin, Mukharyia, and Ka'b as well as other Jewish scholars. Amongst the Christians was Buhaira, Nestor and the governor of Bosra, Daghatir, the bishop of Syria, al-Jarud, Salman of Persia, the Negus of Abyssinia and others. News of these conversions reached and were acknowledged by the Emperor Heraclius, the Pope of Rome, Christian hierarchy, the head of the Coptic church in Egypt, the prominent Jewish scholar Suriya's son, Akhtab and his brother, Ka'b, Asad's son, Zubair, Batiya ibn mention but a few, however all were blinded by envy, pride and rivalry and refused to accept the fact that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was an Arab and not of their race.

There are many authentic records that speak of how both the Jews and Christians could not do otherwise but admit to the existence of these descriptions that Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) were written in their scriptures. Whenever any of the People of the Book came to challenge him, Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) would quote their scriptures as an argument against them. He reproached them for tampering with the words in their scriptures, and for the concealment of their contents, and the twisting of words that would otherwise made his affair clear to the unsuspecting. He invited the Christian Bishops to join him in a supplication in which he and his family were willing to make that those who lied would be cursed, but they declined. When the bishops realized they would be exposed in their true light, they avoided confrontation with him thereby avoiding the exposure of their falsified books. Had they found their books contained other than that which he said, it would have been by far easier for them to present it rather than be subjected to the confiscation of their property, in some cases their lives, and status. He challenged the Jews with a verse from the Quran saying, "Bring the Torah and recite it, if you are truthful." 3:94, but they chose not to respond.

 

Section 29: A brief insight into aspects of his birth, childhood and adulthood

 

The birth of our Beloved Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) together with Its miracles have been transmitted to us by his mother Lady Amina, may Allah be pleased with her, and those in attendance. As our beloved Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was born a radiant light accompanied him and he lifted his head towards the heavens and the mother of Uthman's Abil-As's son witnessed stars lowering themselves and a light so bright appeared that she could see nothing other than light. Shifa, the mother of Abdur Rahman, Awf's son attended his birth and tells us, "When he dropped into my hands he sneezed and I heard a voice saying, 'May Allah have mercy upon you!' The entire horizon became illuminated for me whereby I was able to see the castle of the Greeks." On the night of his birth, the palace of Chosroes, King of Persia shook and its balconies collapsed, the waters of Tiberius receded and the perpetual flame of Persia, that had never once been extinguished for a thousand years became extinguished.

Not long after his birth it was decided that he should be raised in the desert and Allah choose Halima who was very poor to be his foster mother and wet-nurse. Halima and her husband Abi Kabshah were immediately aware of the blessings that constantly came their way. Before fostering him, her breast milk had been insufficient to satisfied her own baby, but when she agreed to take her new charge her breasts filled with an abundance of milk, and her she-camel that was old produced milk and her sheep became fertile. They noticed the Prophet's maturity, his exceptional strength and growth and how he surpassed that of their own children. Shortly after his return to Mecca his mother passed away whilst returning from visiting family members in Medina and he went to live with his uncle Abu Talib. Abu Talib was aware of the blessings that came to his family after he and his wife had taken the young Mohammed into their care. When he was with them their food and drink satisfied them, but on the occasions when he was absent, they would eat and drink but remain unsatisfied.

Abu Talib had several sons and when they woke up in the morning their appearance was unkempt, however, the appearance of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was always neat, his hair oiled and there was mascara around his eyes. The mother of Ayman, who was his nurse, also commented, "There was never a time, either as a child or when he reached adulthood, that I heard him complain of hunger or thirst." Before Prophet Mohammed's advent (peace and blessing be upon him) the satans and jinn would journey to the heavens and eavesdrop upon the events destined for mankind, then use it to their advantage. In some cases they gave news to fortune-tellers who became consultants for their clients. Upon the Prophet's birth (peace and blessing be upon him) the heavens became guarded by meteors that chase would-be eavesdroppers away and thereby prevent the mischief of the satans and jinn. Prophet Mohammed's aversion to the idols was inherent in him, and he was never party to the evil that constituted daily life during the "Time of Ignorance". His modesty was protected by Allah and the story has reached us regarding this protection during the rebuilding of Kaaba. It was customary for the Quraysh when they built to carry the stones in their robes and more often than not their private parts became exposed. When Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) took part in the rebuilding of Kaaba, he was about raise his robe to do the same but he was prevent by the heaven from its doing. When his uncle asked what was stopped him, he replied, "I have been prevented from exposing my privates."

There are many reports that speak of clouds or trees that shaded him during his travels. Before he married Lady Khadijah (may Allah be satisfied with her) he undertook to trade on her behalf. Just before his return, Lady Khadijah happened to glance up into the sky, and tells us that angels were seen by herself and others shading him. On one of his journeys, he dismounted from his ride to rest under a dead tree. The area around the tree was blessed by his presence and became green, as did the tree that now flourished, spread and lowered its branches to shade him. As for the normal shadows that are cast by either the light of the sun or moon, he had none because he himself was radiant with his own light. Flies did not alight on either his clothes or body. Until he was raised to the Prophethood and Messengership, his love to withdraw himself from the world was innate.

As his death approached he told those dear to him of its nearness and that his tomb would be in his house in Medina. The rooms of his wives opened into the Mosque and the area between his room, later to become his resting place, and the pulpit are part of the Meadows of the Garden of Paradise. Shortly before he passed away, Allah gave the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) a choice. He gave an indication of this choice to his Companions amongst whom was Abu Bakr who immediately understood and wept. He told them, "There is a worshiper among the worshipers of Allah to whom Allah has given the choice between this world or that which is with Him. The worshiper has chosen that which is with Allah." Allah honoured His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) even at the moment of death and from these signs we are yet again able to have a glimpse into his nobility. As death approached, Allah sent the Angel of Death to him who asked for his permission to take his soul away. The angel had never before asked the permission of anyone to do this, and when the time came the angels prayed over his precious body. As his Companions were about to prepare him for his funeral a voice was heard saying, "Do not remove the shirt from him when he is washed." It has been reported that after his passing al-Khidr (the Man in Green) and the angels visited his family and consoled them.

 

Section 30: Summary of the miracles given to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) together with their special characteristics

 

The aim of this chapter has been to present some of the Prophet's miracles and the signs of his Prophethood, many of which have not been included, but what has been mentioned is sufficient. The chains or narrators have been shortened as they would in themselves require the compilation of many volumes that are only of value to the scholars of hadith. The miracles of Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) are more evident than those of other prophets in two ways. First, he was given miracles that are too numerous to count, and none of his fellow prophets were given a miracle that our Prophet did not bring one that was similar or more excellent. As for their being numerous, one must recall that all the parts of the Quran are miracles, even sentences of a few words, or short chapters such as “Al-Kawthar" chapter 108 are miracles in their own right. This is substantiated by the verses that read, "Let them produce a phrase like it, if what they say is true! " 52:34 or "Produce a chapter comparable to it" 2:23. There are approximately seventy-seven thousand words in the Holy Quran, and the Quran is divided into more than seven thousand parts with each part being a miracle in itself. Facets of its miraculous nature is its eloquence and elite composition, therefore each part contains a double miracle. Another facet of its miraculous nature is that it gives knowledge of the Unseen, and in just one chapter alone one is able to find many descriptions, and each description is a miracle, therefore the number of miracles is increased yet again. The magnitude of the number of miracles contained in the Quran cannot be determined, it is so great in itself. The prophetic quotations contain details of miracles as well as the miraculous aspects of the life of Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him).

Secondly, is the undisputable clarity and broad spectrum of the miracles given to Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him). Previous Messengers were given miracles relative to their time and in a science which their people excelled. For example, during the time of Prophet Moses, peace be upon him, sorcery had reached its climax, and so Moses was given miracles to present to Pharaoh and others that resembled their own skills but clearly surpassed and were far superior than those of the magicians and sorcerers of his time. What he brought shattered the normal patterns of sorcery and the sorcerers' were unable to compete, and surrendered. The recognized that the signs Moses brought were clearly miracles, supernaturally sent by Allah. The same applies to Prophet Jesus, peace be upon him, the people of his time excelled in medicine, when someone was pronounced incurable he remained as such, there was no hope. So when Jesus brought them by the permission of Allah cures beyond the bounds of their medicine, such as the raising of the dead, curing the blind and healing the leper without the use of medicine, it was a sign for his people that what he brought was indeed from Allah. The same circumstances apply to the miracles of all the other prophets, peace be upon them. In each case these miracles were a sign to people that the person who stood before them and to whom had been given miraculous skills was a prophet sent to them by Allah and they should follow him.

Allah sent Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) at a time when the Arabic language had reached its apex, and at a time in which they were proud of their historical transmission, predications and omens. As we mentioned before, the sending down of the Quran excelled all forms of the Arabic language and therefore impossible to imitate. It contains a unique composition and style the like of which was previously unheard and which even the most eloquent were unaware. Then, there is its contents, the disclosure of hidden secrets, events, inner thoughts and their like, all of which were proven true, so that even the most hostile critic could not raise a voice.

As for the predictions and omens of soothsayers and their like, Prophet Mohammed, praise and peace be him, made them void. Even before the jinn and satans had been prevented from eavesdropping in the heavens by meteors and guards, only one prediction out of ten could be claimed to be anyway near factual. Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) brought news of earlier generations and stories of previous prophets. He told them of nations that had vanished and of events beyond the knowledge of even those who devoted themselves to the study of such knowledge.

The Quran is a miracle, watched over by Allah, that will remain with mankind until the Day of Resurrection and provides clear proof for each generation. There has never been an era that has passed without its truthfulness being made manifest to them. Through its reading belief is fortified and the proof is clear. It cannot be said that hearing is the same as seeing with one's own eyes. Whereas witnessing increases certainty. The soul's trust is elevated from the knowledge of certainty to the vision of certainty. The miracles of previous prophets have long since faded away, they existed only during the lifetime of their prophet, but the greatest miracle of our Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) will never cease. Its signs are continually renewed and will never disappear. Abu Hurayra tells us that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "Each Prophet was given of a kind that other nations believed. I have been given the Revelation which Allah has sent to me, and it is my hope that on the Day of Resurrection I will be the one with the most followers."

As for the miracles of previous prophets, those who stubbornly opposed them tried to find ways to make people doubtful of their miraculous nature, but they cannot do the same with the Quran. The Quran consists of words devoid of trickery, magic or illusion and it is this that people find clearer than all other miracles. Imam Abul Ma'ali and other scholars are of the opinion that the Quran is a more conclusive form of breaking normal boundaries than all the other miracles given to previous prophets. Of miracles such as the staff of Moses he said that those who saw such a matter immediately thought it had been taught to Moses by a master magician with superior knowledge of that art. This thought remained with many of its witnesses until a thorough investigation disproved their conjecture. Imam Abul Ma'ali continues, and refers to the challenge to bring something similar to the Quran and reminds us that despite the hundreds of years that have passed no one has done so, all have been unsuccessful because Allah has prevented them from its doing.

Despite the ignorance of the Arabs, before Islam, they were more apt to acknowledge their Creator and sought nearness to Allah through their idols. There were those who believed in the Oneness of Allah before the advent of Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) and followed their instinct and purity of heart. When the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) brought the Book of Allah to them, they were able to comprehend its wisdom, and its miraculous nature was immediately instilled in them because of their predisposition. They accepted and believed him and each day they increased in belief, they abandoned all worldly affairs to be in the company of Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) and migrated to follow him. The Judge concludes this chapter with the supplication, "I seek help with Allah, He is sufficient for me and the Best Guardian."