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Chapter 1. The Hadith

Abu Hurairah  said that Allah’s Messenger  said:

 

“Whoever helps a believer with a hardship from the hardships of this life, Allah will help him with a hardship from the hardships of the Day of Resurrection. Whoever shows leniency towards someone in difficultly, Allah will show him leniency in this life and the hereafter. Whoever conceals (the faults of) a Muslim, Allah will conceal him in this life and the hereafter. And Allah will continue to aid the servant as long as the servant aids his brother.

 

Whoever pursues a path seeking knowledge, Allah will make the path to Paradise easy for him.

 

No group of people gather in one of the houses (Masaajid) of Allah reciting the book of Allah and studying it amongst themselves, except that tranquillity will descend upon them, mercy will cover them, the angels will surround them, and Allah will mention them to those with Him. And whoever is prevented by his deeds will not be hastened forward by his lineage.”

 

This Hadith was recorded by Muslim from the narration of al-Amash, from Abu Saalih, from Abu Hurairah. More than one scholar has raised criticisms regarding the Hadith’s chain of transmission; from them were Abu al-Fadhl al-Harwee and ad-Daaruqutni. Asbaat Ibn Muhammad reported it from al-‘Amash. He said he heard it from Abu Saalih but it is clear that al-Amash did not report from Abu Saalih, nor did he mention who narrated it to him.

 

At- Tirmidhee and others agreed with this chain and some of al-‘Amash’s companions have strengthened the text of the Hadith, also there occurs the wording:

 

“Whoever pardons a Muslim, Allah will pardon him on the Day of Resurrection.”

 

And in the two authentic collections (“Sahih al-Bukhari” and “Sahih Muslim”), there is a similar Hadith from Ibn ‘Umar  that the Prophet said:

 

“Each Muslim is the brother of another Muslim; he neither oppresses him nor does he betray him. Whoever remains in the service of his brother, Allah remains in his service. Whoever relieves a Muslim of a hardship, Allah will relieve from him a hardship from the hardships of the Day of Resurrection. And whoever conceals (the faults of) a Muslim, Allah will conceal him on the Day of Resurrection.”