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Chapter 30. Telling Lies

Allah Most High states,

Then let us earnestly pray and invoke the curse of Allah on those who lie! (Al-Imran: 61)

Allah guides not one who transgresses and lies! (Ghafir: 28)

Cursed be the conjecturers (the liars). (Al-Dhariyat: 10)

On the authority of Ibn Masud (may Allah be pleased with him), the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"Adhere firmly to truthfulness for truthfulness surely leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Paradise, and a man is recorded with Allah as sincere one as long as he is truthful. However, lying leads to immorality and immorality leads to the Hell-Fire, and a man is recorded with Allah as a liar as long as he lies.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

He (pbuh) also said,

"Three are the signs of the hypocrite, even if he prays, fasts, and pretends to be a Muslim: When he talks, he lies; when he makes a promise he breaks it; and when he is given a trust, he betrays it” [Agreed Upon]

In another narration it is reported on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Umar that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

"Four traits if found together in a person make him a hypocrite. Whoever has one of these, possesses one of the hypocritical characteristics until he renounces it: When he speaks, he lies; when he draws a contract, he breaches it, When he makes a promise, he breaks it; and he abuses his opponents in time of dispute.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Al-Bukhari reported in his Sahih the following hadith on the authority of Samarah Ibn Jundub (may Allah be pleased with him):

"The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) used to ask, "Did anyone of you see a dream?" So those whom Allah wished to tell would narrate dreams to him. One morning the Prophet (pbuh) said, "Last night two persons came to me in a dream and woke me up and said to me, 'Proceed!' I set out with them... And we came to a man laying flat on his back and another man standing over his head with an iron hook, and behold, he would put the hook in one side of man's mouth and tear off that side of his face to the back of the neck and similarly tear his nose from front to back and his eyes from front to back. Then he turned to the other side of the man's face and did just as he had done with the other side. He hardly completed this side when the other side returned to its normal state. Then he returned to repeat what he had done before. I said to my two companions, 'Glory be to Allah! Who are these two persons?'... They said, 'This man is the symbol of the person who goes out of his house in the morning and tells so many lies that it spreads all over the world.'"

Allah's Messenger (pbuh) also said,

"The believer may be naturally disposed to any shortcoming except treachery and lying.” [Bukhari]

Other hadith states,

"Beware of suspicion for suspicion is the most untruthful of speech.” [Bukhari]

"There are Three types of people with whom Allah would neither speak to on the Day of Judgment, nor would He look towards them, nor would He purify them (from sins) and there would be a tormenting chastisement for them: The aged adulterer, the lying ruler and the destitute who is full of pride.” [Muslim]

"Woe to the one who tells lies to make people laugh. Woe to him, woe to him.” [Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi]

False oaths are more heinous than the normal lying. Allah says about the character of the hypocrites:

And they swear to falsehood knowingly. (AI-Mujadilah: 14)

Furthermore, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"There are three people whom Allah will not speak to, look at, or exonerate on the Day of Judgment, and who will have a painful torment: he who withholds what he has of excessive water from a traveler in the desert, he who sells merchandise after Asr (Late Afternoon) swearing by Allah that he paid more for it than he actually did, and a man gives the pledge to a governor only for the sake of this world, he will only be loyal if he gets something of this worldly life.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"!t is a grievous treachery to tell your brother lies when he believes what you say.” [Abu Dawud]

A Hadith states,

"Whoever claimed to have seen a vision while he is lying, on the Day of Judgment he will be commanded to tide two hairs which is impossible.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"The worst sin in the sight of Allah is the false witness.” [Bukhair and Ahmad]

Ibn Masud (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "A servant insists on lying until a black dot be stamped over his heart and so his heart would be stamped as a whole with black color. With Allah such servant would be recorded as a liar.” [Muwatta Imam Malik]

The Muslim, therefore, is required to utter only the good words to be safe from error. Al-Bukhari reported on the authority of Abu Huriarah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"Whoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day should utter only good word or he should keep silent."

This agreed upon hadith indicates clearly that a person should not speak except with what seems to him as good.

Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him) said that, "I asked the Messenger of Allah, 'O Messenger of Allah! Who amongst Muslims is the most charitable?' He (pbuh) responded,

"The one who from his tongue and hands Muslims are safe.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

It is reported in the two Sahihs that,

"A servant may utter a word while he is unaware of its consequences, by it he would be thrown in Hell for a distance more far than the distance between the east and west.”

Bilal Ibn Al-Harith Al-Muzani said the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) declared,

"A man may speak a word out of Allah's Pleasure while he is unaware of its fruits, by which Allah decree pleasure for that man until he meets Him. On the other hand, a man may speak a word out of Allah's wrath while he is unaware of its consequences, by which Allah decree for him displeasure until he meets Him."

Once a righteous man was questioned about the number of Man's faults. Thereupon, he answered, "Man's faults are innumerable but I know 8000 faults. However, man can conceal these numerous faults through keeping silent with the exception of good speak.

Chapters

Chapter 1

Ascribing Associates To Allah, the Most High (Shirk)

Chapter 2

Killing A Human Being

Chapter 3

Sorcery

Chapter 4

Not Performing The Prayer

Chapter 5

Not Paying Zakat

Chapter 6

Breaking One's Fast During Ramadan Without An Excuse

Chapter 7

Not Performing the Hajj when Able to

Chapter 8

Showing Disrespect to One's Parents

Chapter 9

Severing the Ties of One's Relatives

Chapter 10

Adultery

Chapter 11

Sodomy

Chapter 12

Accepting Usurious Gain

Chapter 13

Wrong Consuming An Orphan's Property

Chapter 14

Lying About The Prophet

Chapter 15

Fleeing From The Battlefield

Chapter 16

The Leader Who Misleads His Followers, The Tyrant And The Oppressor

Chapter 17

Arrogance, Pride, Conceit, Vanity And Haughtiness

Chapter 18

Bearing False Witness

Chapter 19

Drinking Alcohol

Chapter 20

Gambling (qimar)

Chapter 21

Accusing A Woman Of Adultery

Chapter 22

Misappropriating Spoils Of War, Muslim Funds Or Zakat

Chapter 23

Theft

Chapter 24

Highwaymen Who Menace The Road

Chapter 25

The Engulfing Oath

Chapter 26

Taking People's Property Through Falsehood

Chapter 27

Collecting Taxes

Chapter 28

The Consumption of Haram

Chapter 29

Suicide

Chapter 30

Telling Lies

Chapter 31

The Dishonest Judge

Chapter 32

Bribery

Chapter 33

Women Imitating Men And Vice Versa

Chapter 34

The Pimp and the one Who Permits His Wife to Fornicate

Chapter 35

Marrying Solely To Return To The Previous Husband

Chapter 36

Not Freeing Oneself Of All Traces Of Urine

Chapter 37

Showing Off In Good Work

Chapter 38

Learning Sacred Knowledge For The Sake Of This World, Or Concealing It

Chapter 39

Breach of Trust

Chapter 40

Reminding Recipients of Ones Charity To Them

Chapter 41

Disbelieving In Destiny (qadar)

Chapter 42

Listening To People's Private Conversations

Chapter 43

The Talebearer Who Stirs Up Enmity Between People

Chapter 44

Cursing Others

Chapter 45

Breaking Promises or Pledges

Chapter 46

Believing Fortune Tellers And Astrologers

Chapter 47

Wife Rebelling Against Her Husband

Chapter 48

Picture Making