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Chapter 5. Not Paying Zakat

Allah, the Most High, says,

And let not those who covetously withhold of the gifts which Allah hath given them of His Grace, think that it is good for them: Nay, it will be the worse for them: Soon it will be tied to their necks like a twisted caller, on the Day of Judgment. To Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with all that ye do. (AI-Imran: 180)

The Quran also states,

And woe to those who pay not Zakat and who even deny the Hereafter. For those who believe and work deeds of righteousness is a reward that will never fail. (Fussilat: 6-7)

Allah, the Almighty, says,

And there are those who hoard gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah: announce unto them a most grievous chastisement. On the Day when it will be heated in the Fire of Hell, and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs. This is the (treasure) which ye hoarded for yourselves: taste ye, then, the (treasures) ye hoarded. (At- Tawbah: 34-35)

The Prophet (pbuh) said,

"A wealthy person who has got gold and silver, but does not pay the Zakat due on the same, (should know that) his gold and silver will be melted on the Day of Judgment and Converted into slabs which will then be heated in the fire of Hell, and then has sides, his forehead, and his back will be branded therewith. When these slabs will get cold, they will be heated up once more in the furnace of the Hell, the branding will be continued throughout the day, the duration of which will be equal to fifty thousand years, and the cases of all the people will have been decided by this time and they will be shown their way either to the Hell or to Paradise.” [Muslim, Ahmad, Nasai]

It was related that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"There are three people who will enter the Fire: An oppressive leader, a wealthy person who does not pay Allah's right from his wealth and a proud poor.” [Part of a hadith reported by AI-Hakim, Ibn Hibban and Ahmad]

Ibn Abbas, (may Allah be pleased with him), said, "Whoever has enough property to make pilgrimage or to pay Zakat but he does not will ask Allah to return (to this world) when dying." Someone said, "Ibn 'Abbas, fear Allah, No one asks for return but the unbelievers." Then Ibn Abbas read Allah's saying,

And spend something (in charity) out of the substance which We have bestowed on you, before death should come to any of you and he should say, ' O my Lord! Why didst thou not give me respite for a little while I should then have given (largely) in charity, and I should have been one of the doers of good. (Al-Munafiqun: 10)

There is no Zakat on (gold or silver) jewelry that is for permissible use, but if it is prepared for uses of renting or as an article which is pennanent acquisition then Zakat is obligatory. Zakat is also obligatory for trade.

Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

"Whoever is made wealthy by Allah and does not pay the Zakat of his wealth will be made like a bald- headed poisonous male snake with two black spots over its eyes. The snake will encircle his neck and bite his cheeks and say, "I am your treasure " Then he recited the following verse, And definitely let not the ones who are miserly with what Allah has given them,' no indeed, it is an evil (thing) for them. They shall have annulated (about their necks) whatever they were miserly with, on the Day of Resurrection and to Allah is the inheritance of the heavens and the earth,' and Allah is Ever Cognizant of whatsoever you do (AI-Imran: 180) [Bukhari]

In his commentary on Allah's saying

On the Day when it will be heated in the fire of Hell, and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs, -This is the (treasures) which ye hoarded for yourselves: taste ye, then the (treasures) ye hoarded. (Al- Tawbah: 35)

Ibn Masud said, “Dirham and Dinar will not be put in his skin collectively but separately and will cover him totally.”

It was related that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"Five (actions) entail five (punishments)" They asked, "What does it mean?" He said, "Whenever some people break a covenant, Allah will entice their enemy to attack them. If they rule in other than Allah's law, they will be plagued with poverty. If indecency (adultery) prevails them, there will be more deaths. If they give short scales or weights they will be deprived of tillage and will suffer the barren years, if they do not pay Zakat, there will be no rain.” [Abu Dawud, Ahmad]

Muhammad Ibn Yusuf Al-Feriabi said, II Once I went out accompanied with a group of my friends to visit Abu Sann'an, may Allah have mercy on him. When we entered his house and sat down for a while, he said, “Let us visit a neighbor whose brother has recently died to console him.” Then, we all went to the man but we found him wailing and impatient for the death of his brother. Accordingly, we tried to console him but of no avail. We admonished him that death is an inevitable end. Then, he said, I know. I just weep for my brother’s death abode and the torture he is in. We asked, “Did Allah enable you to know the Unseen?” He said,” Of course not, but when I buried him and people went away I sat down by his grave. Meanwhile, I heard a sound of distress. I heard someone crying.” Oh, they left me alone to suffer the torture. I was praying, and fasting. Then, I wept and out of pity I began to snatch the grave to see him. The grave was full of fire and I noticed a circle of fire around his neck. Out of pity I extended my arm to extricate him from such circle of fire. No sooner did I extend my hand than my fingers were burnt. Then, the man showed us his burnt hand. He went on saying, I hoarded the earth over him again and went away. Thus, how can I keep patient after I have seen how he is. We, then, asked, "What did your brother do in this world?" He replied. “He did not pay Zakat." We said, "This is in accordance with Allah's saying,

And not those who covetously withhold of the gifts which Allah hath given them of His Grace, think that it is good for them: Nay, it will be the worse for them: Soon it will be tied to their neck like a twisted collar on the day of Judgment. (Al-Imran: 180)

Your brother, therefore, is being tortured in advance in his grave until the Day of Judgment. Afterwards, we went ahead to Abu Dharr. the Prophet's companion, and told him this man's story. We also said, "When a Jew or a Christian dies, we do not notice them suffering like that," He said; "They are undoubtedly in the Hell-fire. Allah just shows you the abode of the Muslims to learn the lesson. Allah, the Most High, says,

Now have come to you, from your Lord proofs (to open your eyes): If any will see, it will be for (the good of) his own soul: If any will be blind it will be to his own (harm) I am not (here to watch over your doing.) (AI-Anam: 104)

Chapters

Chapter 1

Ascribing Associates To Allah, the Most High (Shirk)

Chapter 2

Killing A Human Being

Chapter 3

Sorcery

Chapter 4

Not Performing The Prayer

Chapter 5

Not Paying Zakat

Chapter 6

Breaking One's Fast During Ramadan Without An Excuse

Chapter 7

Not Performing the Hajj when Able to

Chapter 8

Showing Disrespect to One's Parents

Chapter 9

Severing the Ties of One's Relatives

Chapter 10

Adultery

Chapter 11

Sodomy

Chapter 12

Accepting Usurious Gain

Chapter 13

Wrong Consuming An Orphan's Property

Chapter 14

Lying About The Prophet

Chapter 15

Fleeing From The Battlefield

Chapter 16

The Leader Who Misleads His Followers, The Tyrant And The Oppressor

Chapter 17

Arrogance, Pride, Conceit, Vanity And Haughtiness

Chapter 18

Bearing False Witness

Chapter 19

Drinking Alcohol

Chapter 20

Gambling (qimar)

Chapter 21

Accusing A Woman Of Adultery

Chapter 22

Misappropriating Spoils Of War, Muslim Funds Or Zakat

Chapter 23

Theft

Chapter 24

Highwaymen Who Menace The Road

Chapter 25

The Engulfing Oath

Chapter 26

Taking People's Property Through Falsehood

Chapter 27

Collecting Taxes

Chapter 28

The Consumption of Haram

Chapter 29

Suicide

Chapter 30

Telling Lies

Chapter 31

The Dishonest Judge

Chapter 32

Bribery

Chapter 33

Women Imitating Men And Vice Versa

Chapter 34

The Pimp and the one Who Permits His Wife to Fornicate

Chapter 35

Marrying Solely To Return To The Previous Husband

Chapter 36

Not Freeing Oneself Of All Traces Of Urine

Chapter 37

Showing Off In Good Work

Chapter 38

Learning Sacred Knowledge For The Sake Of This World, Or Concealing It

Chapter 39

Breach of Trust

Chapter 40

Reminding Recipients of Ones Charity To Them

Chapter 41

Disbelieving In Destiny (qadar)

Chapter 42

Listening To People's Private Conversations

Chapter 43

The Talebearer Who Stirs Up Enmity Between People

Chapter 44

Cursing Others

Chapter 45

Breaking Promises or Pledges

Chapter 46

Believing Fortune Tellers And Astrologers

Chapter 47

Wife Rebelling Against Her Husband

Chapter 48

Picture Making