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Chapter 35. Marrying Solely To Return To The Previous Husband

Ibn Masud (may Allah be pleased with him) said that

"The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) cursed the man who marries a women after her divorce solely to permit her first husband.” [Tirmidhi]

However, this ruling comes in accordance with the opinion of all men of profound knowledge like Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, Uthman Ibn Affan, Ali Ibn Abi Talib and the jurists of the successors. It is reported also by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad and An-Nasai in his Sunan with sahih transmission.

Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was asked about the ruling of the one who marries solely to permit the first husband to return to his divorced wife, whereupon he said,

"No (it is not a legal marriage), the legal marriage should be founded on wish and desire. No marriage is permitted which is based on deception or contradiction to Allah's Book. Satisfaction of sexual desires is a condition for legal marriage.” [Ibn Majah]

Uqbah Ibn Amr said that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) once asked, "Would I tell you about the hired billy goat?". "Yes: O Messenger of Allah!" the people said. He (pbuh) explained,

"It is the one who marries solely to permit the first husband to return to his divorced wife. Verily, Allah Most High cursed this one and the former husband as well.” [Majma al Zawaid and Ibn Majah]

Once a man said to Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) "I have married a woman with the intention of permitting her first husband to remarry her. However, I have done so without the knowledge of the previous husband and he did not command me to do this. Is there any wrong?" Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) replied, "Oh, it is not legal. Permissible marriage should be based on complete desire, if you wish, you could hold her and if you wish you could divorce her. In the lifetime of the Prophet (pbuh), we used to consider the like of your marriage as illicit sexual relation."

Moreover, there are many narrations and reports that condemn the act of marring a woman solely to return to her first husband. The following are some of these narrations:

Al-Thram and Ibn Al-Mundhir narrated that 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "I would stone to death the one who marries to permit the previous husband to return to his divorced wife. I would also stone to death the first husband."

Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) was asked about marring a woman to permit her to return to the previous husband, whereupon he said, "It is an illicit sexual relation."

Abdullah Ibn Sharauk Al-Amri said, "I heard Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) when he was asked about a man who divorced his wife (his uncle's daughter) and someone else wanted to marry her to permit the former husband to remarry her. Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) explained, 'The former and latter are adulterers even if the marriage lasted for 20 years. However, the knowledge of the former husband by the aim of the marriage is the main criteria of incurring curse upon himself."

A man asked Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him), "My uncle's son has divorced his wife and so he became regretful." Ibn Abbas declared, "Your uncle's son disobeyed Allah and, therefore, he was inflicted with regret, whereas he obeyed Satan who will not relieve him." The man asked more, "What do you say in a man who wants to marry her to permit him to remarry her?" He disclosed, 'He, thus, seeks to deceive Allah, but it is Allah who deceives him."

Ibrahim An-Nakhi stated, "If the first husband, the second husband, or the woman intends to marry solely to permit the first husband to remarry his divorced wife, the marriage will be illegal."

Sa'id Ibn Al- Musayyab said concerning this issue, "It is prohibited in Islam."

However, Malik Ibn Anas, Al-layth Ibn Su'd, Sufyan Al- Thawri, Imam Ahmad and other great scholars are of the same opinion. Iman Shafi'i considers the contract of marriage, in which one is compelled to divorce his wife to permit her former husband to remarry her, is null and void.

Chapters

Chapter 1

Ascribing Associates To Allah, the Most High (Shirk)

Chapter 2

Killing A Human Being

Chapter 3

Sorcery

Chapter 4

Not Performing The Prayer

Chapter 5

Not Paying Zakat

Chapter 6

Breaking One's Fast During Ramadan Without An Excuse

Chapter 7

Not Performing the Hajj when Able to

Chapter 8

Showing Disrespect to One's Parents

Chapter 9

Severing the Ties of One's Relatives

Chapter 10

Adultery

Chapter 11

Sodomy

Chapter 12

Accepting Usurious Gain

Chapter 13

Wrong Consuming An Orphan's Property

Chapter 14

Lying About The Prophet

Chapter 15

Fleeing From The Battlefield

Chapter 16

The Leader Who Misleads His Followers, The Tyrant And The Oppressor

Chapter 17

Arrogance, Pride, Conceit, Vanity And Haughtiness

Chapter 18

Bearing False Witness

Chapter 19

Drinking Alcohol

Chapter 20

Gambling (qimar)

Chapter 21

Accusing A Woman Of Adultery

Chapter 22

Misappropriating Spoils Of War, Muslim Funds Or Zakat

Chapter 23

Theft

Chapter 24

Highwaymen Who Menace The Road

Chapter 25

The Engulfing Oath

Chapter 26

Taking People's Property Through Falsehood

Chapter 27

Collecting Taxes

Chapter 28

The Consumption of Haram

Chapter 29

Suicide

Chapter 30

Telling Lies

Chapter 31

The Dishonest Judge

Chapter 32

Bribery

Chapter 33

Women Imitating Men And Vice Versa

Chapter 34

The Pimp and the one Who Permits His Wife to Fornicate

Chapter 35

Marrying Solely To Return To The Previous Husband

Chapter 36

Not Freeing Oneself Of All Traces Of Urine

Chapter 37

Showing Off In Good Work

Chapter 38

Learning Sacred Knowledge For The Sake Of This World, Or Concealing It

Chapter 39

Breach of Trust

Chapter 40

Reminding Recipients of Ones Charity To Them

Chapter 41

Disbelieving In Destiny (qadar)

Chapter 42

Listening To People's Private Conversations

Chapter 43

The Talebearer Who Stirs Up Enmity Between People

Chapter 44

Cursing Others

Chapter 45

Breaking Promises or Pledges

Chapter 46

Believing Fortune Tellers And Astrologers

Chapter 47

Wife Rebelling Against Her Husband

Chapter 48

Picture Making