HomeMajor Sins › Major Sin Theft

Chapter 23. Theft

Allah says,

As to the thief, male or female, cut off his or her hand: retribution for their deed and exemplary punishment from Allah, and Allah is exalted in power, full of Wisdom. ( 5:38)

Ibn Shihab commented, Allah severely punishes whosoever steals people's property by cutting off his / her hand. And He is Almighty in retribution and full of wisdom in dispensing the penalty he has prescribed for thieves.

The Prophet said,

"When an adulterer commits illegal sexual intercourse, then he is not a believer at the time he is doing it, and when somebody drinks an alcoholic drink, then he is not a believer at the time of drinking it, and when a thief steals, he is not a believer at the time he is stealing. The door of repentance is usually open ".

Ibn Umar narrated, Allah's apostle cut off the hand of a thief for stealing a shield that was worth three dirham. [Bukhari and Muslim]

Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated, "The hand should be cut off for stealing something that is worth a quarter of a dinar or more.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

The Prophet said,

"The hand of a thief was not cut off except for stealing something equal to a shield in value.” It was said, 'Aishah: How much is shield worth?' She answered: "A quarter of a Dinar.” [Bukhari]

According to another narration the Prophet said, "Cut off (hands and feet) for stealing what is worth a quarter of a Dinar, but not less".

A quarter of a dinar, by then, was worth three "Dirham." Abu Hurairah narrated the Prophet as saying,

"Allah curses the thief who steals a "Baidhah" (or a helmet) for which his hand is to be cut off, or steals a rope for which his hand is to be cut off.” [Bukhari]

Al-Amash commented, "People used to interpret "Baidhah" as an iron helmet, and they used to think that the rope may cost a few dirhams.

Aishah quoted, "A woman from Banu Makhzum used to borrow things and never give them back. Consequently, the Prophet passed an order to get her hand cut off.” [Bukhari]

"The woman's people came to Usama Ibn Zaid to intercede with the Prophet that he may pardon her. When Usamah spoke to Allah's apostle about that matter, Allah's apostle said, "Do you intercede (with me) to violate one of the legal penalties of Allah?" Then he got up and addressed the people, saying, "O people! The nations before you went astray because if a noble person committed theft, they used to leave him, but if a weak person among them committed theft; they used to inflict the legal penalties on him. By Allah, if Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad committed theft, Muhammad would have cut off her hand!” [Bukhari]

Abdul-Rahman Ibn Muhayriz asked Fudhalah Ibn Ubaid whether hanging the thief's amputated hand to his neck is of the tradition of the Prophet. He said.

"A thief was summoned before the Prophet who gave an order to cut off his hand and tie it to his neck.” [Tirmidhi]

The Muslim Jurists viewed that a thiefs’ repentance is not valid unless he gives back what he has robbed. In case he is bankrupt, he should ask the real owner of the stolen thing to pardon him.

Chapters

Chapter 1

Ascribing Associates To Allah, the Most High (Shirk)

Chapter 2

Killing A Human Being

Chapter 3

Sorcery

Chapter 4

Not Performing The Prayer

Chapter 5

Not Paying Zakat

Chapter 6

Breaking One's Fast During Ramadan Without An Excuse

Chapter 7

Not Performing the Hajj when Able to

Chapter 8

Showing Disrespect to One's Parents

Chapter 9

Severing the Ties of One's Relatives

Chapter 10

Adultery

Chapter 11

Sodomy

Chapter 12

Accepting Usurious Gain

Chapter 13

Wrong Consuming An Orphan's Property

Chapter 14

Lying About The Prophet

Chapter 15

Fleeing From The Battlefield

Chapter 16

The Leader Who Misleads His Followers, The Tyrant And The Oppressor

Chapter 17

Arrogance, Pride, Conceit, Vanity And Haughtiness

Chapter 18

Bearing False Witness

Chapter 19

Drinking Alcohol

Chapter 20

Gambling (qimar)

Chapter 21

Accusing A Woman Of Adultery

Chapter 22

Misappropriating Spoils Of War, Muslim Funds Or Zakat

Chapter 23

Theft

Chapter 24

Highwaymen Who Menace The Road

Chapter 25

The Engulfing Oath

Chapter 26

Taking People's Property Through Falsehood

Chapter 27

Collecting Taxes

Chapter 28

The Consumption of Haram

Chapter 29

Suicide

Chapter 30

Telling Lies

Chapter 31

The Dishonest Judge

Chapter 32

Bribery

Chapter 33

Women Imitating Men And Vice Versa

Chapter 34

The Pimp and the one Who Permits His Wife to Fornicate

Chapter 35

Marrying Solely To Return To The Previous Husband

Chapter 36

Not Freeing Oneself Of All Traces Of Urine

Chapter 37

Showing Off In Good Work

Chapter 38

Learning Sacred Knowledge For The Sake Of This World, Or Concealing It

Chapter 39

Breach of Trust

Chapter 40

Reminding Recipients of Ones Charity To Them

Chapter 41

Disbelieving In Destiny (qadar)

Chapter 42

Listening To People's Private Conversations

Chapter 43

The Talebearer Who Stirs Up Enmity Between People

Chapter 44

Cursing Others

Chapter 45

Breaking Promises or Pledges

Chapter 46

Believing Fortune Tellers And Astrologers

Chapter 47

Wife Rebelling Against Her Husband

Chapter 48

Picture Making