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Chapter 16. The Leader Who Misleads His Followers, The Tyrant And The Oppressor

Allah, the Almighty says,

The blame is only against those who Oppress men with wrong-doing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through the land defying right and justice: for such there will be a chastisement grievous. (Al-Shura: 42)

The Quran also states,

Think not that Allah doth heed the deeds of those who do wrong. He but giveth them respect against a Day when the eyes will fixedly stare in horror, they running forward with necks outstretched, their heads uplifted; their gaze returning not towards them, and their hearts a (gaping) void! (Ibrahim: 42-43)

And,

Nor did they forbid one another the iniquities which they committed: evil indeed were the deeds which they did (AI-Ma'idah: 79)

Now let us consider the following ahadith:

"He who deceives us is not of us." [Muslim]

"Oppression will be darkness on the Day of Judgment.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

"All of you are trustees and each is responsible for those entrusted to his care.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

"Any superior who misrules his followers shall go to Hell.” [Bukhari]

"If a person who is appointed in authority over people, does not look after the people (placed under his care) with goodwill and sincerity, he will not get even the aroma of paradise.” [Muslim]

"Every governor will be seized on the day of Judgement in front of the Hell-Fire. From the back of his head he will be held by an angel. The angel, then, raises his head before Allah (a warning for His command). Being commanded to throw him, only after forty will the governor reach the bottom of a vacuum.” [Ahmad]

"Woe to princes, woe to captains, woe to officers. On the Day of Judgement some people will wish to have their forelock clung to a Pleiades in torture and that they did not take the charge before.” [Ahmad]

"On the Day of Judgement, the just judge is brought (to be reckoned), He will suffer to such an extent that he will hope that he would not have judged between any two people even with regards to a date.” [Ahmad]

Of the Prophet's supplication is that,

"O Allah! When a person who is placed in authority over my Ummah (people) is strict with them, be Thou also strict with him, and when such a person is kind on them, be Thou also kind on him.” [Muslim]

"O Allah! Whoever disposes something of Muslims affairs and screens himself (by adopting a porter) away from their need and poverty, Allah will screen Himself away of his need and poverty.” [Abu Dawud]

"There will come corrupt, tyrannical rulers: whoever confirms their lies and assists them in their oppression is not of me, nor I of him, and shall not meet me at my watering place in Paradise.” [Ahmad]

"Two classes of my Ummah (nation) are excluded from my intercession: a tyrant ruler and the one who is extreme in religion: who bears witness against them and clears himself from them.” [Abi Asim in Al-Awsat]

"The Oppressor ruler will suffer the severest torture on the Day of Judgement.” [At-Tabarani]

"O people command the right and forbid the wrong before a day in which your supplications to Allah and seeking forgiveness from Him will be unanswered. When the Jewish doctors of law and the Christian monks gave up commanding the right and forbidding the wrong, Allah cursed them by the tongue of their prophet's and then puts them on the verge of a sweeping punishment.” [Ahmad, Al-Baihaqi and Al-Bazzar]

"Whoever tries to introduce into this faith of ours (Islam) something which is not a part of it, is to be rejected (and that person is condemned).” [Bukhair and Muslim]

"Whoever tries to introduce some thing or adopts an innovation (in religion) he entails the curse of Allah, the angels and the whole people and will have his works not accepted.” [Bukhair and Muslim]

"He who shows no mercy will not be shown any.” [Bukhair and Muslim]

"Allah shows no mercy to whoever shows none to people.” [Bukhair and Muslim]

"Under Allah's shade is a just ruler when there will be no shade except Allah's.” [Bukhair and Muslim]

"The just and fair people (rulers and judges) will be seated on chairs of light before Allah. Such people are those who deal justly in the matters relating to their families and other affairs entrusted to them.” [Muslim]

When the Messenger of Allah sent Mu'adh (may Allah be pleased with him) to Yemen he said to him,

"Do not take the best of their articles as Zakat. Fear the call of an oppressed person, because there is no barrier between the complaint of an oppressed and Allah.” [Bukhari]

The Prophet also said,

"These are three people whom Allah will not talk to, look at, or exonerate on the Day of Judgement. He mentioned among them the lying ruler.” [Muslim]

"You will be anxious to lead, and this will be a source of remorse to you on the day of Judgement.” [Bukhari]

"By Allah, I will not appoint to a public office anybody who asks for it or expresses a longing for it.” [Bukhari]

"O Ka'b Ibn 'Ajarah, may Allah give refuge to you from the leadership of the naives who will come after me but they will not follow my guidance or tradition.” [Ahmad]

"He who asks to be appointed as the judge of Muslims, and then he judges justly, he will enter Paradise, but if he judges unjustly he will go to Hell.” [Abu dawud]

'Umar said to Abu Dharr, "Tell me a hadith you have heard from Allah’s Messenger." Abu Dharr said, "I reported the Messenger of Allah to have said,

"On the Day of Judgement, the leader will be brought and then cast upon a bridge on fire. The bridge will be shaken so violently that all his joints will be amputated. Then, if he was obedient to Allah, he will pass, otherwise he will fall down in the Hell-Fire and only after fifty years he will reach the bottom."Upon hearing that, 'Umar asked, "O Abu Dharr, who asks for it?" he replied, "It is he who his nose for Allah and placed his cheek on the earth.” [Al-Haithami]

'Amr Ibn Al-Muhajir said, 'Umar Ibn Abdel Aziz said to me "When you see me deviating from the right, you should grip me and ask, 'O `Umar what are you doing?'

Chapters

Chapter 1

Ascribing Associates To Allah, the Most High (Shirk)

Chapter 2

Killing A Human Being

Chapter 3

Sorcery

Chapter 4

Not Performing The Prayer

Chapter 5

Not Paying Zakat

Chapter 6

Breaking One's Fast During Ramadan Without An Excuse

Chapter 7

Not Performing the Hajj when Able to

Chapter 8

Showing Disrespect to One's Parents

Chapter 9

Severing the Ties of One's Relatives

Chapter 10

Adultery

Chapter 11

Sodomy

Chapter 12

Accepting Usurious Gain

Chapter 13

Wrong Consuming An Orphan's Property

Chapter 14

Lying About The Prophet

Chapter 15

Fleeing From The Battlefield

Chapter 16

The Leader Who Misleads His Followers, The Tyrant And The Oppressor

Chapter 17

Arrogance, Pride, Conceit, Vanity And Haughtiness

Chapter 18

Bearing False Witness

Chapter 19

Drinking Alcohol

Chapter 20

Gambling (qimar)

Chapter 21

Accusing A Woman Of Adultery

Chapter 22

Misappropriating Spoils Of War, Muslim Funds Or Zakat

Chapter 23

Theft

Chapter 24

Highwaymen Who Menace The Road

Chapter 25

The Engulfing Oath

Chapter 26

Taking People's Property Through Falsehood

Chapter 27

Collecting Taxes

Chapter 28

The Consumption of Haram

Chapter 29

Suicide

Chapter 30

Telling Lies

Chapter 31

The Dishonest Judge

Chapter 32

Bribery

Chapter 33

Women Imitating Men And Vice Versa

Chapter 34

The Pimp and the one Who Permits His Wife to Fornicate

Chapter 35

Marrying Solely To Return To The Previous Husband

Chapter 36

Not Freeing Oneself Of All Traces Of Urine

Chapter 37

Showing Off In Good Work

Chapter 38

Learning Sacred Knowledge For The Sake Of This World, Or Concealing It

Chapter 39

Breach of Trust

Chapter 40

Reminding Recipients of Ones Charity To Them

Chapter 41

Disbelieving In Destiny (qadar)

Chapter 42

Listening To People's Private Conversations

Chapter 43

The Talebearer Who Stirs Up Enmity Between People

Chapter 44

Cursing Others

Chapter 45

Breaking Promises or Pledges

Chapter 46

Believing Fortune Tellers And Astrologers

Chapter 47

Wife Rebelling Against Her Husband

Chapter 48

Picture Making