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Chapter 25. The Engulfing Oath

Allah says,

As for those who sell the faith they owe to Allah and their own solemn plighted word for a small price, they shall have no portion in the hereafter! Nor will Allah (Desire to) speak to them or look at them on the Day of Judgement, nor will he clean them (of sin): they shall have a grievous chastisement. (Al-Imran: 77)

Al-Wahidi related, "The occasion of revelation of this verse was regarding two disputants who sought the Prophet to decide their case about a landed estate. At the time the defendant had been on the point of taking an oath, Allah revealed this verse. At once, he turned away from swearing and admitted the claimant's right to the estate.

"Whosoever is ordered (by the ruler or the judge) to give an oath, and he takes a false oath in order to grab the property of a Muslim, he will incur Allah's Wrath when he meets Him on the Day of Resurrection.”

Al-Ashath said,

"By Allah, this verse was revealed in my connection. A dispute broke out between me and a Jew who had denied my right to the ownership of a piece of land. I reported him to Allah's apostle who said to me: "Have you got any evidence (i.e. witness)? I replied, "No" He said to the Jewish man "swear" At this moment, I said, "O Allah's Apostle! He, my opponent, will take the oath and consequently consume my property". For this Allah revealed, ''as for those who sell the faith…” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Abdullah Ibn Masud narrated the Prophet as saying, A person who swears falsely to take possession of Muslim's property unjustly, shall face the wrath of Allah on the Day of Judgement". 'Abdullah added, 'the Prophet recited the following verse from the holy Quran in support of this statement.

As for those who sell the faith ..........

The Prophet said,

"A person who usurps the right of a Muslim, by swearing (falsely) will be condemned by Allah the Exalted to the hell and will be derived of Paradise. A man asked, "O Messenger of Allah! Even if it may be a small thing?" he the Prophet answered, "Even if it be the (smallest) twig of a bush tree.” [Muslim]

Abu Dhar narrated the Prophet say,

"There are three people whom Allah will not talk to on the Day of Judgement, look at, or exonerate, and there is a painful chastisement for them." They failed and they lost who are these persons, Allah's apostle? Upon this the Prophet remarked, "They are the draggers of lower garment, those who remind others of their favours, and the seller of goods by false oath.” [Muslim]

The Prophet also said,

"The biggest sins are: to join others in worship with Allah, to be undutiful to one's parents, to kill somebody unlawfully, and to take (a false) oath. “AI-Ghamus” [Bukhari]

Of the forbidden oaths is swearing by other than Allah, such as: the Prophet, the Ka'bah, the angels, heaven, water, life, honesty, souls, the sultan's life, or his favor, or by someone's grave.

The Prophet said,

"Lo! Allah forbids you to swear by your fathers, so whosoever has to take an oath, he should swear by Allah or keep silent.” [Bukhari]

He said too,

"Do not swear by idols, nor by your fathers.” [Muslim]

"Whosoever swears by his honour is not from amongst us.” [Abu Dawud]

"Whosoever takes an oath that if he does such and such act, or he is wrong, he may go out of Islam, then if he should turn out to be a liar he will be as he said (swore) and if he is proved to have spoken the truth then he will not come back to Islam without a stigma.” [Ibn Majah]

Ibn Umar heard a man swearing by Kabah. Thereupon he said to that man, "Do not swear by other than Allah for I have received the Prophet's words which concluded,

"Whosoever swears by other than Allah has indeed disbelieved in Allah and ascribed partners to Him.” [Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud]

By "disbelieved and ascribed partners to Him." some interpreters assimilate it as referring to the misdeed of the sin.

The Prophet said,

"Hypocrisy stands for polytheism.” [As-Sakhawi in AI-Maqasid AI-Hasanah]

He also said,

"A person who takes an oath and swears (by error):" By Lat and Uzzah, should at once affirm: "there is no god save Allah.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Among the newly guided companions of the Prophet were some who spontaneously happened to use Al-Lat and Al-Uzzah as oaths. To them the Prophet gave a commandment to declare: "There is no god but Allah", as an expiation for what they have said.

Chapters

Chapter 1

Ascribing Associates To Allah, the Most High (Shirk)

Chapter 2

Killing A Human Being

Chapter 3

Sorcery

Chapter 4

Not Performing The Prayer

Chapter 5

Not Paying Zakat

Chapter 6

Breaking One's Fast During Ramadan Without An Excuse

Chapter 7

Not Performing the Hajj when Able to

Chapter 8

Showing Disrespect to One's Parents

Chapter 9

Severing the Ties of One's Relatives

Chapter 10

Adultery

Chapter 11

Sodomy

Chapter 12

Accepting Usurious Gain

Chapter 13

Wrong Consuming An Orphan's Property

Chapter 14

Lying About The Prophet

Chapter 15

Fleeing From The Battlefield

Chapter 16

The Leader Who Misleads His Followers, The Tyrant And The Oppressor

Chapter 17

Arrogance, Pride, Conceit, Vanity And Haughtiness

Chapter 18

Bearing False Witness

Chapter 19

Drinking Alcohol

Chapter 20

Gambling (qimar)

Chapter 21

Accusing A Woman Of Adultery

Chapter 22

Misappropriating Spoils Of War, Muslim Funds Or Zakat

Chapter 23

Theft

Chapter 24

Highwaymen Who Menace The Road

Chapter 25

The Engulfing Oath

Chapter 26

Taking People's Property Through Falsehood

Chapter 27

Collecting Taxes

Chapter 28

The Consumption of Haram

Chapter 29

Suicide

Chapter 30

Telling Lies

Chapter 31

The Dishonest Judge

Chapter 32

Bribery

Chapter 33

Women Imitating Men And Vice Versa

Chapter 34

The Pimp and the one Who Permits His Wife to Fornicate

Chapter 35

Marrying Solely To Return To The Previous Husband

Chapter 36

Not Freeing Oneself Of All Traces Of Urine

Chapter 37

Showing Off In Good Work

Chapter 38

Learning Sacred Knowledge For The Sake Of This World, Or Concealing It

Chapter 39

Breach of Trust

Chapter 40

Reminding Recipients of Ones Charity To Them

Chapter 41

Disbelieving In Destiny (qadar)

Chapter 42

Listening To People's Private Conversations

Chapter 43

The Talebearer Who Stirs Up Enmity Between People

Chapter 44

Cursing Others

Chapter 45

Breaking Promises or Pledges

Chapter 46

Believing Fortune Tellers And Astrologers

Chapter 47

Wife Rebelling Against Her Husband

Chapter 48

Picture Making