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Chapter 27. Collecting Taxes

The collector referred to here is the one who collects the taxes from sellers in the market in pre-Islamic times.

Allah says,

The blame is only against those who oppress men with wrongdoing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through the land, defying right and justice: for such there will be a chastisement grievous. (Ash-Shura: 42)

The tax collector is one of the closest supporters of the oppressors. Rather he may be of the oppressors.

He takes what is not lawful to him and gives it to those who do not deserve it. Hence, the Prophet declared,

"The tax collector will not tread Paradise.” [Abu Dawud]

Concerning the woman who has turned to Allah in repentance, as she had committed adultery, the Prophet said,

"She has turned to Allah in repentance in such a manner that if observed by an unjust tax collector he would be forgiven or it would be accepted.” [Muslim]

The unlawful tribute collector is compared to the high way robber. Moreover, the one who collects the tax, the one who serves as a witness to it, and the one who usurps it are all alike in being partners in this wrongdoing.

He also said,

"No flesh fed by ill-gained property will be admitted to Paradise. But rather, it would be flying in Hell.” [Tirmidhi and Ahmad]

The ill-gotten property is the detestable wealth which puts its owner to shame, and is mentioned by Imam Al-Wahidi in his exegesis of Allah's saying,

Say! Never are the good and the bad alike. (Al-Ma'idah: 100)

Jabir related,

A man came to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Wine was my trade business that fetched me much money. So, would that money benefit me if I employed it in Allah's cause?" The Prophet replied, "If you were to spend it in performing Pilgrimage, in Allah's way, or in alms-giving, it would avail you no benefit, for Allah is good and accepts only what is good". [al-Asfahani]

In confirmation to this Allah revealed, Say! Not equal are things that are bad and things that are good, even though the abundance of the bad may dazzle you. (Al-Ma'idah:100)

Ata and AI-Hasan interpreted this verse as referring to both the lawful and the unlawful things.

Chapters

Chapter 1

Ascribing Associates To Allah, the Most High (Shirk)

Chapter 2

Killing A Human Being

Chapter 3

Sorcery

Chapter 4

Not Performing The Prayer

Chapter 5

Not Paying Zakat

Chapter 6

Breaking One's Fast During Ramadan Without An Excuse

Chapter 7

Not Performing the Hajj when Able to

Chapter 8

Showing Disrespect to One's Parents

Chapter 9

Severing the Ties of One's Relatives

Chapter 10

Adultery

Chapter 11

Sodomy

Chapter 12

Accepting Usurious Gain

Chapter 13

Wrong Consuming An Orphan's Property

Chapter 14

Lying About The Prophet

Chapter 15

Fleeing From The Battlefield

Chapter 16

The Leader Who Misleads His Followers, The Tyrant And The Oppressor

Chapter 17

Arrogance, Pride, Conceit, Vanity And Haughtiness

Chapter 18

Bearing False Witness

Chapter 19

Drinking Alcohol

Chapter 20

Gambling (qimar)

Chapter 21

Accusing A Woman Of Adultery

Chapter 22

Misappropriating Spoils Of War, Muslim Funds Or Zakat

Chapter 23

Theft

Chapter 24

Highwaymen Who Menace The Road

Chapter 25

The Engulfing Oath

Chapter 26

Taking People's Property Through Falsehood

Chapter 27

Collecting Taxes

Chapter 28

The Consumption of Haram

Chapter 29

Suicide

Chapter 30

Telling Lies

Chapter 31

The Dishonest Judge

Chapter 32

Bribery

Chapter 33

Women Imitating Men And Vice Versa

Chapter 34

The Pimp and the one Who Permits His Wife to Fornicate

Chapter 35

Marrying Solely To Return To The Previous Husband

Chapter 36

Not Freeing Oneself Of All Traces Of Urine

Chapter 37

Showing Off In Good Work

Chapter 38

Learning Sacred Knowledge For The Sake Of This World, Or Concealing It

Chapter 39

Breach of Trust

Chapter 40

Reminding Recipients of Ones Charity To Them

Chapter 41

Disbelieving In Destiny (qadar)

Chapter 42

Listening To People's Private Conversations

Chapter 43

The Talebearer Who Stirs Up Enmity Between People

Chapter 44

Cursing Others

Chapter 45

Breaking Promises or Pledges

Chapter 46

Believing Fortune Tellers And Astrologers

Chapter 47

Wife Rebelling Against Her Husband

Chapter 48

Picture Making