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Chapter 39. Breach of Trust

Allah Most High says,

O ye that believe! Betray not the trust of Allah and the Messenger, nor misappropriate knowingly things entrusted to you. (Al-anfal: 27)

Al-Wahidi (may Allah bestow mercy on him) said, "This verse is revealed concerning Abu Lubabah who was sent by the Prophet (pbuh) to the Jews of Banu Quraizah during the siege of Muslims to their land. The Jews said to Abu Lubabah, these families are living among the Jews, what do you say concerning the submission to the judgment of Sa'd. Abu Lubabah then pointed at his throat meaning that Sa'd would sentence you to be slaughtered. Abu Lubabah said, "I have not moved from my place until I realized that I betrayed Allah and His Messenger.”

"Nor misappropriate knowingly things entrusted to you" means that Muslims are commanded to avoid betraying their trusts as they are prohibited to betray Allah and His Messenger (pbuh). Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "Trust" means what Allah has entrusted Man with, i.e, the religious. Thus they are prohibited.

Al-Kalbi explained, "Disobedience to Allah and His Messenger (pbuh) means betraying the trust. However, man is entrusted with the other trusts like the religious duties even he can unlawfully betray them in secret."

"Knowingly" refers to the fact that man is commanded to avoid betraying the trusts as long as he undoubtedly knows the sacredness of these trusts.

The Glorious Quran moreover explains, Allah will never guide the snare of the false ones. (Yusuf: 52)

This glorious verse indicates that Allah will ever set the affairs of the treacherous ones in order. On the Day of Judgment, He will publicize their faults before people.

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"Three are the signs of the hypocrite: When he talks, he lies; when he makes a promise, he breaks it and when he is given a trust, he betrays.” [Agreed upon]

He (pbuh) also said,

"Someone who cannot keep a trust is devoid of faith. Someone who cannot keep an agreement is devoid of religion."

Some matters are worse than the others. A person who cheats one for a pittance is not like a person who betrays one concerning one's wife and money, perpetrating outrages.

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"Fulfill your trust to the one who entrusted you and do not betray the one who betrayed you.” [Ahmad]

Also the hadith states,

"A believer may be naturally disposed to any shortcoming except treachery and lying.” [Bukhari]

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) declared further,

"Allah Most High says, 'I bless the partners as long as no one betrays the other.” [Abu Dawud]

"Trust is the first of characteristics to disappear among people, where as prayer is the last one and the prayer of some persons may be of no avail.” [Majma al-Zawaid]

The Prophet (pbuh) cautioned the Ummah saying,

"Beware of treachery for it is the worst companion.” [Abu Dawud]

Ibn Masud (may Allah be pleased with him) explained, "On the Day of Judgment, the persons who betrayed their trust will be commanded to fulfill it. Consequently, they would wonder, 'How can we fulfill what had been perished in the worldly life!" At this moment it would be pictured in the basest rank of Hell-fire. Having commanded to bring it from this place of Hell, the treacherous one would carry it over his shoulder and would find it heavier than the mountains of the world. As long as he reaches the top of the Hell, the trust would fall to the basest rank of Hell and it will happen forever" Ibn Masud added, "Prayer is a trust, ablution is a trust, Body-worship is a trust, measuring is a trust and th' greatest form of trusts is the deposits."

Chapters

Chapter 1

Ascribing Associates To Allah, the Most High (Shirk)

Chapter 2

Killing A Human Being

Chapter 3

Sorcery

Chapter 4

Not Performing The Prayer

Chapter 5

Not Paying Zakat

Chapter 6

Breaking One's Fast During Ramadan Without An Excuse

Chapter 7

Not Performing the Hajj when Able to

Chapter 8

Showing Disrespect to One's Parents

Chapter 9

Severing the Ties of One's Relatives

Chapter 10

Adultery

Chapter 11

Sodomy

Chapter 12

Accepting Usurious Gain

Chapter 13

Wrong Consuming An Orphan's Property

Chapter 14

Lying About The Prophet

Chapter 15

Fleeing From The Battlefield

Chapter 16

The Leader Who Misleads His Followers, The Tyrant And The Oppressor

Chapter 17

Arrogance, Pride, Conceit, Vanity And Haughtiness

Chapter 18

Bearing False Witness

Chapter 19

Drinking Alcohol

Chapter 20

Gambling (qimar)

Chapter 21

Accusing A Woman Of Adultery

Chapter 22

Misappropriating Spoils Of War, Muslim Funds Or Zakat

Chapter 23

Theft

Chapter 24

Highwaymen Who Menace The Road

Chapter 25

The Engulfing Oath

Chapter 26

Taking People's Property Through Falsehood

Chapter 27

Collecting Taxes

Chapter 28

The Consumption of Haram

Chapter 29

Suicide

Chapter 30

Telling Lies

Chapter 31

The Dishonest Judge

Chapter 32

Bribery

Chapter 33

Women Imitating Men And Vice Versa

Chapter 34

The Pimp and the one Who Permits His Wife to Fornicate

Chapter 35

Marrying Solely To Return To The Previous Husband

Chapter 36

Not Freeing Oneself Of All Traces Of Urine

Chapter 37

Showing Off In Good Work

Chapter 38

Learning Sacred Knowledge For The Sake Of This World, Or Concealing It

Chapter 39

Breach of Trust

Chapter 40

Reminding Recipients of Ones Charity To Them

Chapter 41

Disbelieving In Destiny (qadar)

Chapter 42

Listening To People's Private Conversations

Chapter 43

The Talebearer Who Stirs Up Enmity Between People

Chapter 44

Cursing Others

Chapter 45

Breaking Promises or Pledges

Chapter 46

Believing Fortune Tellers And Astrologers

Chapter 47

Wife Rebelling Against Her Husband

Chapter 48

Picture Making