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Chapter 2. Commentary On The Hadith

The negation of faith as referred to in this hadith means the absence of the true spirit and epitome of faith. Faith may be negated when some of its pillars or duties are not fulfilled. This is exemplified in the following hadiths. The Prophet (saw) said:

"When an adulterer [or fornicator] commits illegal sexual intercourse, he is not a believer at the time he is committing it; and when one drinks alcohol, he is not a believer at the time he drinks it; and when a thief steals, he is not a believer at the time of stealing." [Bukhari and Muslim]

The Prophet (saw) also said:

"By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe!" It was asked: "Who is that, O Messenger of Allah?" He (saw) said: "That person whose neighbour does not feel safe from his evil." [Bukhari]