Abu Abdullah, Shamsuddin Muhammad, son of Abu Bakr , son of Ayyub, son of Sad, son of Hurayz, of Damascus. He is best known as Ibn ul-Qayyim (Son of the Custodian), named so after al-Jawziyyah school in Damascus which was under custody of his father. His family was one of honour and knowledge.
He was born on Safar 7, 691 AH (1292 CE), in the village of Zar, to the south-east of Damascus.
He moved to Damascus and learned the Islamic knowledge under a number of prominent scholars. His most notable teacher was Ahmad bin Abdul Halim Ibn Taymiyyah.
He valued him most and he stayed with him continuously in his years of youth: from 712 AH (13 12 CE) until Ibn Taymiyyah’s death in 728 AH (1328 CE). He loved him dearly, he comprehended his thought, and he worked on clarifying and spreading his knowledge after his death.
Ibn ul Qayyim wrote more than sixty books in various areas of Islam.
He died on the evening of Thursday, Rajab 23, 751 A H (1350 CE). People prayed on him (the Janazah prayer) on the following day in the Great Masjid in Damascus. He was buried in al-Bab us-Saghir cemetary. He was highly praised by the ulama after him, such as al-Hafidh Ibn Rajab, al-Hafidh adh-Dhahabi, ibn Nasir ad-Dimashqi, Al-Hafidh ibn Hajar and Muhammad.